How Lionhearted was Richard?
If Its Weird Its Here
Part II Richard the Lionheart did his best to make himself a legend in his own time. He was flamboyantly chivalrous in a way that was designed to get attention. His charm campaign seemed to work. Generations of minstrels and storytellers were happy to pick up on this thread and embroider his life story with colourful legends.
But is Richard really deserving of this romantic reputation? Tune in and find out how brothel chicken, frying pan shields, and weird three-way handshakes all play a role in the story. In Robin Hood stories he was portrayed as the ultimate "good King". For the Victorians he represented everything that was noble about England's medieval past. However, Richard's reputation among historians is considerably less glamorous. Was Richard really the second coming of King Arthur, or was he something far more sinister?
Tune in and find out how scammer monks, the court of love, and the kiss of death all play a role in the story.
Was There a Real Robin Hood? Part II Almost as long as people have been telling stories about Robin Hood, historians have been trying to find the real person who inspired the legend. Over the centuries dozens of researchers have cooked up elaborate theories in an attempt to locate the man who became the myth. Were any of them successful in finding a "real" Robin Hood? Tune in and find out how piggy-back-rides, dog-summoners, and fake family trees all play a role in the story. Part I Robin Hood is easily one of the most beloved characters in English storytelling.
For centuries the forest outlaw has been the ultimate hero of the downtrodden. He steals from the rich, gives to the poor, and resists tyranny in all of its forms. But is Robin Hood just a fictional character, or could there have been a real person who inspired the legend? By taking a close look at the earliest Robin Hood ballads perhaps we can find some clues about the true identity of this mythic outlaw.
What Went Down at the Siege of Vienna? It has been characterized as the ultimate showdown between Christianity and Islam. There is no doubt that it was a dramatic and significant moment in European history, but should it be mythologized as the ultimate battle for the fate of European civilization?
Tune in an find out how the Riders of Rohan, mole wars, and knights with freakin' wings on their backs all play a role in the story. The outnumbered Austrians frantically prepared their defenses and did their best to manage the panic that was gripping the city. The battle that was about to begin would be so dramatic that it would give birth to countless myths and legends. Just how important was the Siege of Vienna?
Did civilization really hang in the balance? Tune in and find out how rotten wigs, bands of brothers, and Austrian pee pee baths all play a role in the story. Part I The Siege of Vienna has been remembered as one of the most dramatic moments in European history. The Ottoman Turks threw the might of their empire against the walls Vienna in an attempt to capture a prize they called the "Golden Apple". This event would give birth to countless myths, both big and small. Tune in and find out how J.
R Tolkien, a seven headed dragon, and terrifying burlap bags all play a role in the story! Was There a Real Atlantis? Part III In the world of Atlantis research there are many who believe that ruins of the lost city can, and will, be found. By carefully considering the details in Plato's dialogues some researchers believe that fabled sunken city can be accurately located.
Is there anything to the many theories about Atlantis' real location? Tune in and find out how the largest volcanic eruption in human history, math jokes, and Gotham City all play a role in the story. Part II The world of Atlantis research can be a very strange place.
Some researchers believe that Atlantis was a real Bronze Age city whose ruins might one day be found near the rock of Gibraltar. Others believe that the true "lost civilization" is actually far more ancient. Perhaps the real Atlantis was a sophisticated maritime society that existed during the last ice age. Could it have been that the climate change that accompanied the end of the ice age also wiped away this amazing civilization?
Tune in and find out how sleeping prophets, Noah's Arc, a brave muskrat, and our buddy Graham Hancock all play a role in the story. Part I In BCE the Greek philosopher Plato wrote of a powerful island nation that had been sunk to the bottom of the ocean by wrathful gods. Plato called this lost city Atlantis. Little did he know that this story would go on to launch an entire genre of pseudo-historical speculation.
The myth of the dazzling lost civilization would inspire countless amateur theorists and would-be archaeologists. Was a there a real city that inspired Plato's story, or was Atlantis just a figment of the philosopher's imagination? The author Gavin Menzies boldly asserts that the fleets of the Chinese Admiral Zheng He managed to circumnavigate the globe some years before Europeans.
But he is not content to stop there! By the end of his controversial book Menzies has the junks of Zheng He accomplishing feats of navigation that would not be repeated again until the late 19th century. But does his evidence stand up to scrutiny? Tune in and find out how paranormal maps, forged carbon dating tests, and prehistoric giant sloths all play a role in the story! Part I One of the most controversial historical theories to emerge in the last 15 years is the so-called " thesis".
The theory was originally formulated by the former British submarine commander Gavin Menzies. He contends that during the Ming Dynasty the Admiral Zheng He led an impressive fleet of Chinese junks on an unprecedented journey of discovery. According to Menzies this journey took them to the New World nearly 80 years before Columbus. But is there any proof to support this incredible claim? Tune in and find out how dragon thrones, giraffes masquerading as unicorns, and the Chinese Luke Skywalker all play a role in the story. Since that time there have been no shortage of conspiracy theorists and armchair psychologists who have tried to explain the girl who stubbornly resists explanation.
This episode we dive deep into the weird theories about France's favourite Saint. Part II If Joan of Arc's rise to fame was unexpected, then her success on the battlefield was completely flabbergasting. Joan would score a series of impressive victories over the English and clear a path to Rheims so her Dauphin could become King of France. But what's a girl to do when her mission from God wraps up more quickly than anticipated? How should a modern lover of history make sense of a life so filled with miracles and impossible deeds?
Tune in and find out how foot spikes, a proud bastard, and an archer named Lionel all play a role in the story. Part I The story of how Joan of Arc, an unassuming peasant girl, became the leader of French armies is one of the most dramatic in all of European history. In many ways Joan's biography can read like a fairytale, or like the classic hero's journey. As you might imagine it is a story that is coated in a healthy layer of mythology and exaggeration. Parsing the legends from the verifiable historical facts can get messy when it comes to France's most unlikely national hero.
Tune in find out how a man made of glass, the history of obscene gestures, and the best way to shut down a cat-caller all play a role in the story. Did Gods Colonize The Pacific? The Pacific Ocean is the most expansive body of water on planet earth. Despite this fact ancient people managed to venture forth into its immensity and create a civilization of incredible sophistication.
The question of how the ancients managed to settle the Pacific perplexed academics for generations. This left the door open for some pretty wild theories about the origins of the Polynesians. Chief among these theorists was the Norwegian adventurer Thor Heyerdhal. But should his theories be trusted? Who Was The Real Braveheart?
Part II The Scottish freedom fighter William Wallace is so deeply enveloped in mythology that finding the real man can seem almost impossible. The film Braveheart brought the larger-than-life myth of William Wallace to a whole new generation, and also managed to add a few new fake details to the Wallace legend.
- 222 Paranormal Podcast?
- Rainbow Bridge Poem?
- The Fashion Icon Bundle (Biographies of Audrey Hepburn, Coco Chanel, and Anna Wintour).
Listen and find out how spear hedgehogs, reformed pirates, lion fights, and Lando Calrissian all play a role in the story. The spear that pierced the side of Jesus as he hung on the cross has been one of the most fabled holy relics in history. Tune in and find out how ghost historians, Attila the Hun, pseudo-histories, and a supernatural Forest Gump all play a role in the story.
Part II The story of the war between the Aztec Mexica empire and the Spanish conquistadors is one of the most dramatic in world history. The accounts of the conquest are diverse and, at times, contradictory. But can these sources be trusted? Part I Before the Spanish arrived in the early 's, the Aztec, or Mexica, people had built an impressive civilization. Their empire was composed of bustling cities that were larger, cleaner, and more architecturally sophisticated than most cities in Europe at that time.
Did the myth of a bearded god colour how the Mexica dealt with this gold-hungry pirate? Tune in and find out how hungoverdeities, a boat built from snakes, and a stick used to support a man's giant gut all play a role in the story. Who Were the Hash Smoking Assassins? When Marco Polo returned from his travels in Asia he brought back with him tales of lands previously unimagined by Europeans. The story of a mysterious mystic who used visions of paradise and mind altering drugs to manipulate his followers fascinated westerners for generations.
Tune in and find out how secret gardens, rivers of wine, the Great Khan of the Mongols, and severed head who can speak, all play a role in the story. Real Ninjas? The legend of the ninjas has become so overblown, that some have gone so far to suggest that they never truly existed. But that is just what the ninjas want us to believe! Nevertheless, separating ninja-fact from ninja-fiction continues to be a tall order. The Mothman Part 3 At p. Being rush hour in mid-December, the bridge was full of commuters on their way home from work and holiday shopping trips. The collapse sent 32 vehicles into the frigid waters of the Ohio river and 46 people lost their lives, with 2 bodies never to be found.
The cause was as prosaic and understandable as it was tragic - a minute defect causing stress corrosion in a suspension eye-bar. However, what we may never understand is a connection some claim between the collapse and the first sightings of the Mothman, widely thought to be 13 months previously, to the day. Was there a warning that no one could comprehend? Even if a warning could be interpreted by someone who was starting to put all these strange puzzle pieces together, would their findings even be believed?
Could this tragedy have been prevented, or was it inevitable? It might behoove us all to st The Mothman Part 2 It's a bird! It's a plane! It's Mothman! Well, we're pretty sure "Mothman" isn't any of those things, neither a moth nor a man, or some unholy combination of the two. If the descriptions by over witnesses are accurate and the symptoms of seeing such a sight are related, then whatever this creature is, it's abilities may go beyond even what is considered possible for an earthly cryptid. Magical flight, a burning, mesmerizing gaze, and haunting dreams are some of his reported traits, but is clairvoyance also one of them?
What if Mothman knew your fate, but wasn't capable or allowed to tell you? And for an even bigger stretch of the imagination, what if Scott goes "off the chain" in this episode? Now, this may all seem like silly balderdash to your sophisticated and skeptical nature, but what kind of hosts would we be if we couldn't deliver a tale of a real monster in time for Samhain?
After all, it is Halloween. The Mothman Part 1 All legends are local in a way, and when one local person tells a tale of a strange encounter, it can be a cause for skeptical snickers from the townsfolk. When more than a hundred people from the same region all see the same thing, it can lead to books, a major Motion Picture and even an annual festival. There are several elements that contribute to the intense curiosity that still surrounds the stories of the Mothman, himself described as a winged, humanoid creature with glowing red eyes and a sympathetic, if mysterious nature.
One of them is the sudden appearance of a friendly, inter-dimensional road tripper named Indrid Cold who just wants to get to know you better and may be searching for a cryptid on the loose. Another is the unsettling thought that these encounters may have portended a disaster that took the lives of 46 people ex Mystery Cauldrons of Siberia In an isolated region of Siberia known as the Valley of Death, there are stories of strange metal objects buried in the ground.
Some stories say that they were caused by frequent meteorites of the area, some believe that the objects are alien in nature. Could these objects be parts of space ships, or part of some underground base or structure? This episode will detail possible answers to these questions, as well as detailing the history of these mysterious cauldrons buried in the Valley of Death. What is Phantom Time? In the world of pseudo-historical theories there are few more radical than the Phantom Time Hypothesis and the New Chronology.
These theories propose that hundreds of years of human history never actually occurred. Our current chronology has been inflated with fake events and "phantom time". These theorists would have us believe that most of our history has been faked by chroniclers and unscrupulous historians. Could it be that most of human history is a fraud? Tune in and find out how golf course owners, weird math, and Russian pride all play a role in the story!
Was There a Real Prester John? In the 10th century a letter started circulating that had been allegedly written to the Byzantine Emperor by a mysterious eastern King. The King identified himself as Prester John and claimed that he was marching to relieve the crusaders in the holy land. He also claimed that his kingdom was filled with wonders including a fountain of youth, eagles that deliver magical gems, and a menagerie of monsters.
Was Prester John an elaborate hoax or was there a real figure who inspired the story? Tune in and find out how Jesus' twin brother, lady ogres, and a very confused Ethiopian King all play a role in the story. Who Are the Magicians of the Gods? Part II Graham Hancock's hypothesis that an advanced global civilization was lost from history after a cataclysm at the end of the last ice age, sounds like it should be fun. It isn't. This description of the creature, from the L. Times, describes it as a, '9-foot-tall, black, winged creature with glowing red eyes. Some said it spoke to them and forewarned of an impending disaster in their town,' Munzo, whilst another report from ABC news describes it as a, 'flying, blood-eyed, 7-foot-tall monster that once terrorized Point Pleasant, W.
These stories are all attempting to create hype for the upcoming movie but in doing so also further warp the Mothman Story in the public's mind. In the movie, the Mothman, appears to the viewers, as a ghostly supernatural form or in scratchy rough drawings, done by witnesses, of what they have seen.
The creature becomes more embedded in the Ultra-terrestrial idea in the movie, through conversations between the main character John Klein Richard Gere and Alexander Leek Alan Bates who are both characters who are based on John Keel. It begins communicating with the witnesses, in some cases terrorising them, whilst in others revealing cryptic clues to the doom about to befall the town. The same disaster befalls the town of Point Pleasant in the movie as it did in real life but instead of 46 people perishing it becomes The reason for this given by the studio is that they thought 46 would be, 'too many.
The movie interpretation of the story and the articles that accompanied the movie release all served to mould the final form of the story because once people began writing their own articles or Page. If you go there on a specific weekend in September there is even a Mothman festival established in at which you can meet original eyewitnesses Illustration 9: Mothman Statue photographed and buy numerous items of merchandise.
This festival plays out around the Mothman statue See illustration 9. This all stands in stark contrast with the way in which the real victims of the actual tragedy that befell the town are remembered. The memorial to them is, 'at the spot where the bridge once entered the town. But their names are inscribed on lowly bricks, and you have to step on them to read the bronze plaque that lists only the names of the town's politicians. Conclusion — How and why did the Mothman come into being?
Immediately after the T. The reasons for this were; 1. The newspapers selection and arrangement of the information with the motivation to sell more papers, and; Page. The Mothman name instilling the sighting with it's supernatural nature and placing it into the popular culture. These reasons led to the creature becoming ingrained in the public's imagination. Now armed with what the papers had told them they would see they dually saw it. But then, as the birds that were the probable cause of the sighting migrated and the Mothman fell out of fashion, UFO sightings took their place in the minds of the community and the newspapers.
After all, large groups of people had been going out to the edges of town and looking to the sky, like they hadn't before. They therefore noticed things that they hadn't paid attention to previously. This escapism, as it might be viewed, was more than likely welcomed by the public due to the social factors in effect on the community at the time.
We are told that the area was by no means wealthy and unemployment was high, whilst in the news the Vietnam War was becoming more intense. This may explain the reluctance of people to accept the military explanations of the lights in the sky as the military had already taken so much from them.
The collapse of the Silver Bridge was probably the main influencing factor in the longevity of the Mothman tale because, as I pointed out previously, this gives the story its conclusion. The date of the collapse also ties in nicely by being exactly 13 months to the day since the T. Now the Mothman had enough elements to allow the formation of a myth, the first appearance of which was Barkers, 'The Silver Bridge' It follows the 13 month course but neglects to apply much meaning to it. However, John Keels book which talks about events before, during and after the 13 month period, is the one that caught the public's imagination and added the most to the mythology as the author is affected by conspiracy theory's, Men In Black and Ultra-terrestrials.
The rekindling of interest that took place with the advent of the Mothman movie and new articles on the subject allowed the final metamorphosis of the story into the creature we have today. Or as John H. Arnold puts it when writing in reference to Marx, ''Circumstances', 'history', and 'people' are not different things. They go on and on together, awaiting the historian who chooses to draw one pattern from the rest. Also intrinsic in the evolution of this Urban Legend is is the reluctance of the town of Point Pleasant to speak out against the 'arms and legs' or in this case arms and head, that have been added to the sighting and the selective forgetfulness that occurs in the retelling of the tale when it comes to sightings before or after the 13 month Mothman period.
In fact, since , an entire tourist industry based on the Mothman and the story surrounding him has developed in the town. This all goes to show that the Mothman has grown through the appropriation and expansion of the original sighting to create the story of him and how he is viewed today.
Very few people, if anyone, want the Mothman to be just a bird. Word Count — Keel due to many of his accounts also being supplied with dates. I then cross referenced them with other materials to ensure they were valid. The rest of my sources have been interviews in magazines or on film with original witnesses which can all be found in the bibliography.
The initial time line with accompanying details for each sighting are in the format of date, type of sighting, time if available followed by witness and event details. Kelly pseudonym sees disc hovering above a school playground. This all happened on Interstate 7 30 miles east of Point Pleasant. Telepathy — Woodrow Derenberger again claims telepathy with space men. No-one apart from Mr. His dog, a German Shepherd named Bandit, runs off after the creature and he is never seen again by his owner despite searching the next day.
They also claim to see a dead dog at the side of the road which is gone later when they come back with the police. Marcella Bennett 21 along with her baby. First see lights in the sky and then are chased by the creature into their house at which point , Ricky Thomas 15 also sees it. Roy Grose sees light in sky. In an interview he states that it was a large bird. Ruth Foster claims to see the creature, stating it is a bird.
Carpenter 18 has a creature fly towards her car on route 33 near Newhaven as she drives past the golf course. Connie Carpenter is the niece of Mary Hyre. Albans, 40 miles south from Point Pleasant and see the creature at the side of the road. They estimate it moving at 70mph. Connie Carpenter claims to see the creatures eyes in one of the buildings whilst the rest of the group outside claim to see something run off into the darkness. Newspaper article by Mary Hyre states it was at 5 a. Charles Hern and Mr. Walter Taylor see lights across the river with little people on the river bank below.
Newspaper article by Mary Hyre states it was at 6. This was, near to the T. Area, on George Creek Road. It is in fact a Snowy Owl, 2 foot tall and with a 59 inch wing span. Linda Scarberry states it is not the creature that she saw. They see a tall figure in a white cape run from the house. The same object is also seen by a man in Bourdesville. A large white glowing object follows their vehicle overhead and attempts to grab the van with a pincer attached to the underside of the glowing object.
Doris Deweese. Deweese shortly afterwards sees a luminous object crash into a shack on the opposite hillside. The shack housing the Police Radio Transmitter is destroyed. No wreckage is found. Keel and Officer Harold Harmon see numerous glowing lights in the sky. Later Keel and two teenage boys see the valley floor illuminated with a purple glow. Keel and Mary Hyre see U. In John A. Keels book he states it is Five Mile Creek Road but this is a further miles south of Gallipolis Ferry whereas Five Mile Road is half a mile south of Gallipolis Ferry and would be correct for the amount of time it would take to get there.
Keel and Mary Hyre return to same area and see lights in the sky again. Keel sees circular object fly down and pass parallel to his car in the same area as the previous 2 nights. Dark shape presumed to be the Mothman follows aircraft. Lilly mentions they come over every night about that time. Keel, Mrs. Mabel McDaniel and 2 other women go to same spot again and witness the lights. Flying at an altitude of feet the craft had been witnessed by Page. The pilot flashes landing lights at the object and it disappears.
This takes place in Athens, Ohio 40 miles north of Point Pleasant. Others report a whistling noise followed by a bright light. Investigation finds no crashed aircraft or missing plane reports. Virginia Thomas whose house is in the T. Keel see lights in the sky around the T. Albert Brown, a mine shift superintendant sees lights in the sky whilst driving on Route 35 11 miles West of Point Pleasant.
Jackie Lilly and her children Gary 18 and Linda see a total of 12 lights in the sky near Camp Conley road. They ask questions about flying saucers and how she would feel if someone asked her to stop writing about U. Another man comes in and calls himself Jack Brown. Calls Keel a liar and asks the same as the previous men, how she would feel if someone asked her to stop writing about the U. He goes on to ask the whereabouts of John A.
Theresa's Haunted History of the Tri-State: September
Keel and the nature of his relationship to Mary Hyre. He also inquires as to how Mary Hyre may Page. Starting at the T. Following this it was seen in Letart by a resident there for 35 minutes after which it was seen by people at Thomas Ridge for a further 30 minutes. The same newspaper report also mentions a recent Mothman sighting in the T. Sandhill Crane. Mothman Lives Publishing. Hobbs, J. Source Unknown, Nov. In: Sergent Jr. Point Pleasant Register, Nov. Hyre, M. Siler, P.
Source Unknown, Date Unknown, p. Bennett, R. Date Unknown, p. April 9th , p. June 4th , p. April, 23rd , p. Many Say No. April, 21st , p. Source Unknown, Date Page. Keel, J. Barker, G. BookSurge Publishing. The Para-View. Journal of Scientific Exploration, 1 1 pp. Carr, E. Penguin Books. Batman, 20th Century Fox Television. Tilley, C. In: Buchli, V. Nova Online. Paraview Press. Source Unknown. April 22nd , p. In: Wamsley, J. Mothman Press. In: Fortean Times, Issue No. September March, Roberge, P. Our Haunted Planet.
The Mothman Prophecies. Directed by: Mark Pellington. USA, Lakeshore Entertainment. Munoz, L. Wolf, B. Aldrich, L. Brown, R. Malden, MA, Blackwell Publishers. Marsh, P. Sigmund, F. London, Penguin. Simmel, G. Chicago, University of Chicago Press. McGovern, U.
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Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd. Coleman, L. Wamsley, J. Faber and Faber Ltd. Evans, H. Bartholomew, R.
Anomalist Books. Buchli, V. Homer, S. Polity Press. Thomas, N. Harvard University Press. Arnold, J. Jenkins, K. Boese, A. Benson, N. Benjamin, P. Skinner, D. Randles, J. In: Fate Magazine, Vol. Richard, B. Moran, R. Bennett, C. Clark, J. Shiels, T. Hall, D. Boudillion, D. April, How reliable is eyewitness testimony? Search for the Mothman, Directed by: David Grabias. USA, Screen Gems. Related Papers. By Joseph Laycock. The Mothman. By Stephanie Dixon. By Robert Kruse. Steve Abrams: Psychedelic trickster.