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Ampliar Ureteroscopia. The book was presented by Mr. The Director of the Michael Servetus Institute congratulated the teachers and students the congratulation of the Institute on these new book and pointed out that it represents a new step forward to spread Servetus' legacy among those readers who are not specialized in the life and works of the Aragonese humanist.
I , Sergio Baches Vol. The full text of the books published by the Michael Servetus High School can be downloaded from this link:. Presentation of the book: Contra el libelo de Calvino first Spanish translation. This translation has been coordinated and sponsored by the Michael Servetus Institute. Notes on the methodology". These lectures are validated by the University of Zaragoza as two free-choice credits. On Sunday, 19 April, , the Michael Servetus Institute held its first academic event of the year in the birth house of the Spanish humanist.
The Institute also held its first Annual General Assembly in which it was agreed to set up a working group to prepare the events and activities to commemorate the V centenary of the birth of Servetus in The Director of the Institute, Mr. During the Assembly, Mr. After the General Assembly, Dr. In the afternoon, Dr. In his lecture, Dr. Roitman highlighted the importance of these texts, contained in approximately scrolls, to better comprehend the origins of Rabbinic Judaism and Christianity itself, although he pointed out that none of the scrolls discovered so far mentions the name of Jesus.
The Director of the Institute stated that Dr. The Institute would like to take the chance in this summary to remind of the fact following in this regard to Prof. Therefore, with the Scrolls of Qumran, we have gained one thousand years in the knowledge of the Biblical text. Qumran coincides in time with the birth of Christianity.
However, since it was a group detached from any other form of Judaism, it is not strange that no explicit reference to Christians is made in the scrolls, as no reference is made either to a more important group at that time: the Fariseus. However, what they tell us of the Jewish sect that drafted them and of the Jewish world of their time is essential to know how the Christian group arises in the Palestine of that time. In this regard, they help us understand how Christianity can develop some ideas, social structures, vocabulary, etc.
Something similar can be said of the decision of the first Christians to live in community, when we did not know any precedent in the previous Jewish society of this type of community life FG. However, in the New Testament we inexplicably find the opposite. In Qumran, we see that this idea had been very much developed. This explains why Christianity, although it acknowledges only one Messiah, uses different names to refer to him: Son of David, High Priest, Son of God. This academic event was closed with the traditional flower offering at the statue of Michael Servetus in Villanueva de Sigena.
Academic Event h. Further information of Dr. Roitman can be found in the following link: www. Prior reservation required before the 28th October Tel. Juan Antonio Cremades. Prior to the lecture, a sculpture of the well-known Aragonian sculptor Mr. Javier Sauras was inaugurated in the hall of the Michael Servetus House. Sauras for the sculpture and pointed out the importance that art has as a means to spread the Servetian legacy, the major of Villanueva de Sijena, Mr.
Alfonso Salillas, inaugurated the sculpture and also warmly thanked Mr. Sauras for his kind gesture. In his speech, Javier Sauras pointed out that with this sculpture he had tried to grasp the suffering of Michael Servetus during his burning at the stake in the hill of Champel, but also the clash between tolerance and bigotry as the two concepts that collided throughout Servetus' life, and which reached its zenith during his execution in Geneva. After the inauguration of the sculpture, Dr. Cremades, who had been oficially appointed member of the Institute minutes before, gave a thorough and systematic lecture based on his last investigations regarding the alleged French nationalization of Michael Servetus while he lived in the French city of Vienne, close to Lyon.
According to his analysis,Servetus never applied for the French nacionality. The review of the documents referring to this Servetian episode and, in particular, of the Letter of King Henry II , dated October of , reveals that the only thing that Servetus requested from the French authorities was a waiver from the French laws applicable to foreigners that restricted their property rights in France.
Due to this legislation, an allien was not entitled to sell his property or to make a will, which meant that, after a foreigner died, his state was automatically owned by the French State. Moreover, Dr. Cremades also set aside the reasons given by some Servetians to justify their assumption that Servetus had acquired the French nationality, such as, his fear to the Inquisition, the need to disguise his true identity or his willingness to be a French civil servant.
A book containing the lecture given by Dr. This book will also include the essay that Dr. Cremades has recently written regarding the trial of Servetus in Paris, and which was the base of his speech to become a member of the Aragonese Academy of Jurisprudence and Legislation in Zaragoza on January 15, After the offering, the Secretary General of the Institute regretted the absence of "supralocal" institutional representatives, once again emphasizing that this situation reveals the necessity to promote greater sensitivity among political representatives on the importance of Servetus in the Spanish and European culture.
This past October 27, the Michael Servetus Institute hosted a seminar regarding the relationship between Islam and Christianity. The seminar was divided into three segments. One devoted to the historical influence of Muslim and Jewish intellectuals in the evolution of Western culture. Link: A common word. Alfonso Salillas. Following his warming speech, Mrs. According to Mrs.
Roman, Greek, Phoenician legacies; the Christian and Jewish elements that were already present in the Iberian Peninsula, and the Islamic elements that entered into Spain in But all of them equally felt they belonged to Al-Andalus and they spoke Arabic on a regular basis and it also was the language of culture for Jewish and Muslims. Hebrew was only used for religious services.
Latin was also used for religious services and in the intellectual Christian circles. The knowledge of Al-Andalus, which included the most relevant work of Greek philosophers were transmitted to Europe through the Translation School of Toledo and some outstanding representatives of the Jewish culture living in the valley of the River Ebro, such as Abraham ibn Ezra and Pedro Alfonso, who travelled extensively through several European Countries.
After her lecture, Dr. Abdelmumin Haya thoroughly outlined the main differences between Islam and Christianity and pointed out those elements which currently tend to bring closer Islam and Christianity. But first of all, he explained why Mohammad was always tolerant with Christians by analyzing his writings and legal commandments. Perhaps the most striking difference between Islam and Christianity relies on its different conception of the relationship between God and human beings. However, Muslims have a submissive relationship with God.
The relationship of love and friendship that exists in the Christian mystic is an scandal for those Muslims who are not Sufis, i. In that regard, no issues, such the discussion regarding the Trinity, have appeared in Islam. Haya argued that the existing difference between Islam and Christianity based on the rejection of one's own body, pleasure and sexuality the "valley of tears" has already been overcome, and this is an important step forward. In addition he also observed that, regrettably, Islam is suffering from a steady "eclesialization" i. This, according to him, threatens crystallizing the Muslim faith.
He finally concluded that there is nothing, from a religious point of view, preventing us from living together and understanding each other. The problem though, as he replied to a question made by someone from the audience, is mostly politics. Finally, Mr. Jaume de Marcos, explained the influence that Islam played in Servetus' writings. He analyzed the concrete references to the Koran and Islamic sources in his main work: The Restoration of Christianity, in order to defend his theories against the dogma of the Trinity, which was totally unnecessary for Muslims.
Beyond this specific analysis, the thrust of Servetus' references to the Islamic faith is that he tried to restore Christianity to its origins thinking he could make it more easily acceptable for Jews and Muslims. In this sense, one could argue that Servetus tried to build bridges between Muslims and Jews during a time in which the relationships between Muslims and Christian were deeply deteriorated..
The Seminar was closed with the traditional offering and reading of Servetus' Prayer before the statue that lies in front of the Church of Villanueva. Registration: Tel. The fee may be paid the same day of the event at the counter of the Michael Servetus Birthplace and Museum. Free entrance for the members of the Institute. Presentation and objectives of the Seminar :. Due to family reasons, Dr. Lomba will not be able to attend the Seminar.
Upon his recommendation, Mrs. She is currently teaching Arabic in the University of Zaragoza and she is an specialist in the Arab world. Abdelmumin Haya, Ph. Last May 20th, , the Michael Servetus Institute inaugurated its current academic year with a lecture by Mr. The lecture was attended by many of our members as well as several US Unitarians, amongst we can highlight Rev. Jean-Claude Barbier. He has written several books and articles, and lectures on religious and historical topics related to Protestantism and Calvinism. In his lecture, Mr. A summary of his lecture can be found in the following link:.
The commemorative acts of the 30th Anniversary of the Institute gathered a significant number of members of the Institute as well as other researchers and commentators of the life and works of Michael Servetus.
Many sympathizers also came to Villanueva de Sijena to accompany us in this special occasion. The events were presided by Mr. Both highlighted in two touching speeches the task performed by the founder of the Institute, Mr. Julio Arribas Salaberri.
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During the session, the Institute also appointed eight new members. Fernando Solsona Motrel and Mr. After his appointment, Mr. Una libertad de pensamiento tan necesaria en la compleja y multicultural sociedad actual. Texto de Julio Salvador. Mario Javier Saban:. Coloquio y preguntas. La Iglesia a finales del siglo I. Clausura del seminario. Miembros del Instituto : Gratuito.
La Christianismi Restitutio. Fernando Solsona, el Director del Instituto, D. Since a significant part of the group came from the U. The welcoming speech of the major of Villanueva de Sijena, Mr. Alfonso Salillas was also very touching, when he pointed out that not even the founder of the Institute, the well-remembered Mr. The event ended with a procession from the house of Michael Servetus to the statue devoted to him that is located in the main square of Villanueva de Sijena. The Unitarian delegates laid candles and flowers as a sign of respect at the feet of the statue. The offering ended with the singing of a touching Unitarian religious chant.
During the offering, our Unitarian friends were accompanied by several members of the Institute and numerous neighbours of Villanueva de Sijena. The Michael Servetus Institute, fully aware of the importance that this visit represents for our Institution, will gratefully welcome the delegates in the Birth House and it will join them in the activities that have been scheduled for this day. From this forum, the Institute wishes to invite all its members and friends to join us during this day. The visit of the ICUU constitutes a unique occasion for pleople belonging to different creeds and religions to exchange experiences and impressions on different aspects related to Michael Servetus and his legacy, or on those aspects of the religious practice that give rise to debate between different communities or religious philosophies.
Michael Servetus is considered as the first martyr of Unitarism. It is not therefore strange to wtiness a blossoming of Servetian studies within this religious community, which, in light of the respect and admiration that has shown in Spain and abroad towards our great humanist, we feel proud to host in this special day. In this occasion, Prof. He has written eight books on Hebrew history and he is an specialist on the Jewish origins of Christendom. You may obtain further information of Prof. Summary of the lecture.
Nieto Amada started his lecture stating that he considers Servetus as a highly qualified humanist, an expatriated and persecuted traveler, an honest and persevering free thinker who put forward all his ideas, especially those related to the Holy Scriptures, until the last consequences. With regard to theology, it is well known that he discarded both the Aristotle and the Nicaean doctrines and relied just on the content of the Holy Scriptures. His medical background was less heterodox than his theological education. According to Galen, the structure of each organ of the body is related to the function that has been assigned to it by nature.
Servetus found that Galen was wrong and he described for the first time in Western Europe the pulmonary circulation i. What Servetus sees is that the veins bring waste-rich blood back to the heart, entering the right atrium. The right atrium fills with the waste-rich blood and then contracts, pushing the blood through a one-way valve into the right ventricle. The right ventricle fills and then contracts, pushing the blood into the pulmonary artery which leads to the lungs. In the lung capillaries, the exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen takes place.
The fresh, oxygen-rich blood enters the pulmonary veins and then returns to the heart, re-entering through the left atrium. The oxygen-rich blood then passes through a one-way valve into the left ventricle where it will exit the heart through the main artery called now aorta. The left ventricle's contraction forces the blood into the aorta and the blood begins its journey throughout the body. This first description in Western Europe of the pulmonary circulation was inserted in a book of theology Christianismi restitutio - As Prof.
The Michael Servetus Institute plans to publish a booklet with this lecture during For the Michael Servetus Institute, the success of this International Congress proves its vitality and its clear international and humanist mission, as well as its commitment to spread and the work and the legacy of Michael Servetus with scientific criteria within the framework of an institution gathering Servetians all around the world. The Congress began with the welcoming speech of Mr. After the intervention of Mr. Callizo and Mr. Sergio Baches Opi, Director and Secretary of the Institute respectively thanked the audience for attending the opening session of the Congress and emphasized the effort that the Institute made to organize this Congress.
Respect to others, respect the ideas and religion of others.
Education, the only pacific and lasting solution to save to the world : In this point, Prof. He was also a radical researcher. Drawing thoughts from the demanding example of study and scholarship that was Servetus, Prof. Freedom of conscience, the foundation of all the liberties demands us to respect the opinions of others and to reject violence as solution of all problems, either personal or internationals. Such is the fragility of the human condition that we condemn the spirit of others as impostors and impious except our own, for no one recognizes his own errors. In the international relations scenario, Prof.
Today there is only one culture and one religion that burns Christian churches, and one religion that where it has majority does not allow its Christian minority to build churches, whereas in the West we allow to erection of whichever mosques they want. This is very democratic but it is not fair. Reciprocity of rights is essential to the concept of democracy. It is therefore urgent to claim for Servetus the title of father of the freedom of conscience.
The Spaniards, and much less the Aragoneses, must not allow anyone to take Servetus away from them. Regardless of the causes, the protestant reforms prevailed in Central Europe and in spite of the differences between the different reformation movements it is possible to identify two elements that constitute their common denominator: i an extremely pessimistic anthropology that sees human beings as corrupted entities of impossible salvation and ii the anxiety of independence from the power of Rome. Within this trend it is possible to allocate different reformation groups: Anabaptists, Antitrinitarians, Hutterites, movement of Munster, etc.
The reformation postulates of Michael Servetus should be classified within this spectrum. As opposed to the Reformation, the Roman curia and its closest powers reacted but late in what has essentially been called the Counterreformation. The most relevant event of the Counterreformation was the summoning of the Council of Trent , which supposed the assertion of the centralism and the uniformity of the Roman Church, as well as to advocate a deeply anti-protestant position.
Duch emphasized, on the one hand, that the XVI century constitutes the departing point of the constitution of Europe as a world-wide cultural reference until the end of World War I and, on the other hand, that the events of the XVI century, although at an eminently anthropological level, continue to have some repercussions in the thoughts and present attitudes of the inhabitants of Old Europe. In this context, Dr. Palomares emphasized the importance that the European Union affirms itself as a worldwide power to counterbalance US unilateralism. According to Prof.
Palomares, the coexistence between peoples is still possible if we all accept the international legality and as long as the bases are settled to restore a lasting peace in the Middle East. In this regard, the peace and stability of the planet demands, according to Dr. Palomares, the urgent resolution of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. After this brief but touching welcome, Dr. After pointing out that Servetus embraced empirical epistemology to analyze the traditional conception of the dogma of the Trinity i.
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Hillar pointed out the main aspects of the Servetian theology: the dogma of the Trinity, doctrine of faith and justification, the Evangelical Ministries, etc. Servetus places great importance on the spiritual inspiration of the believer and on his freedom. Faith is a voluntary and spontaneous act this approach would be adopted later in history by Unitarians , but it is also a rational act.
For Servetus, faith entails penance, rejection of sin and must be accompanied by charity and works. In the justification, Servetus also follows Saint Paul, when he contends that once we believe in Christ we are justified before God, but this does not guarantee salvation, as salvation requires justification by works. Justice given by faith introduces to us in the Kingdom of Christ, which is not for Servetus the future Kingdom promised after death, but the one that exists spiritually within us.
For Servetus, Eucharist is the form that Christians have to feed themselves spiritually. Christ enters in communion with us in this bread substantially. Thus also by means of Eucharist we enter in communion with the Christians cutting the bread. AThe conference of Dr. Hillar was followed by the lecture of Rev. Donald W. This existential and spiritual journey took him to Villanueva de Sijena where hosted by Mr. In the drama that represented the life, the work and the martyrdom of Servetus and the immediate reaction that his death provoked, these three essential elements of Unitarianism were born or began to crystallize.
Mckinney focused his lecture on the present reality of the Universalist Unitarian religion of which he emphasized its rejection to require from its members any profession of belief as the basis for inclusion in the Unitarian Universalist faith. Individual personal freedom of belief is its most valued and sacred tenet.
Unitarian Universalism does not lie upon a set of beliefs in God, Jesus or dogmas of faith, but it is an approach to religion in order to find answers to the questions that can contribute to a true, good and just world. Unitarian Universalists stress that each human being must be free to believe or not to believe whenever his position is based on reason and personal conviction. Indeed, Unitarianism developed in the U. Some think of themselves as Christians, whereas most of them do not.
Many Unitarian Universalists have assimilated ethical principles of different cultural or religious traditions. Nevertheless, a common denominator to most Unitarian Universalists exists: all the ethical or religious beliefs can be reduced to one compelling principle: Reverence for Life. After Dr.
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Fulgence Ndagijmana representing the Unitarians of Burundi , declared to have come to Villanueva de Sijena, birth town of Michael Servetus, in a pilgrimage and expressed the veneration of the French Unitarians for Michael Servetus. Finally, and subsequently to the presentation of the unreleased documentary to which we will refer below, a round table chaired by Dr.
For Prof. For Servetus, faith is the principle of our substance since due to faith we live and we have access to God to participate in his substance. Nobody requests now, said Dr. This topic will be dealt with extensively in an essay that will be published by the Michael Servetus Institute in the coming weeks. XVI had in the history of medicine and the advances introduced by the doctors of the Renaissance.
The audience listened very carefully to his last words criticizing the dehumanization that affects the practice of the medicine nowadays. The intervention of Dr. Tobajas was followed by the presentation of Dr. Eduardo Montull , Secretary of the Aragonese Academy of Jurisprudence and Legislation and distinguished member of the Institute that analyzed the declaration of rights contained in the Servetian Manifesto of Sixena in light of the regulations of the Spanish Constitution of Montull emphasized that all the rights of the Manifesto fully mirror those listed in the Spanish Constitution.
Montull acknowledged that most of those rights are not applied in practice or are applied ineffectively. It is the responsibility of public administration to establish the bases to allow their total and perfect development. Nevertheless, according to Dr. Montull, the pressures that the capitalist society imposes upon our rulers hinder the administration in this field. The round table ended with the intervention of Mr.
Jaume de Marcos , co-founder of the Spanish Unitarian Universalist Society of Spain and distinguished member of the Institute who emphasized the importance that the ideas of Servetus represented in the development of the Unitarian movement in Transylvania through the Italian doctor Biandrata. He pointed out that in the Kingdom of Transylvania ruled by King John Segismund I the only Unitarian King that has existed in history an edict of tolerance was promulgated in Along with the foregoing lectures, whose full content will be published in the coming months by the Institute, the Congress had two outstanding moments.
This Manifesto is a compendium of those principles that made up the Servetian line of though. The Manifesto has been translated into English and French so that it has the widest possible spread. Immediately thereafter a song of Yiddish music Kaddish selected for the occasion was played, and the attendants formed a procession to lie candles and flowers at the foot of his statute.
This eagerness to study deeply the original sources required not only a profound knowledge of Latin, but also of Greek and Hebrew, the original languages in which the New and the Old Testament were written. He did not have any congregation or followers because he developed a doctrine for the individual and to a lesser extent for society as a whole. His voice, in spite of his isolation, was heard and his attitude was taken as a model to be followed. His radical approach to textual analysis will influence decisively his defence of a new interpretation of the dogma of the Trinity in his first works.
Finally, Dr. With this gesture, the Association wanted to pay hommage to Michael Servetus and acknowledged him as the father of the pulmonary blood circulation. Sergio Baches Opi, and some of the members of the Physician Association. Villanueva de Sijena - Sunday, October 26 of October Within the framework of the commemorative events of the th aniversary of the death of Michael Servetus, the Michael Servetus Institute organized a commemorative event in Villanueva de Sijena, birthplace of Servetus, to honor the memory of Michael Servetus.
The conference room of the Institute was packed out by people wanting to pay their tribute to this great intellectual. Amongst the persons attending the event, we would like to point out Dr. Fadel F. The session began with the welcoming speech by the Vice-president of the Institution, Mr. Ildefonso Salillas, who pointed out the work of the Institute in spreading of the Servetian legacy inside and outside our borders, emphasizing its international character, in spite of the attempts of other third parties to underestimate the work of the Institute in this sense.
Afterwards, the President of the Institute, Mr. The core of his radical thought. On the other hand, Prof. After the lecture of Prof. Gracia, the Michael Servetus Institute paid homage to Dr. The academic session finalized with the traditional welcoming of the new members of the Institute, amongst whom we would like to mention Dr. Marian Hillar, Mr. Jaume de Marcos and Dr. The President of the Institute, Mr. At the end, the statue was fully illuminated by the tenuous light of the candles.
This emotive act finished with the Hymn to the Joy. Henry Babel, Dean of Pastors of St. The Core of his Radical Thought. Su lugar en la historia [confirmation for this second lecture is pending]. The struggle for freedom of consciousness, Documents , of the Complete Works of Michael Servetus edited in six volumes by the Larumbe colection.
Presentation by Prof. Lecciones de su personalidad y perennidad de su obra. The objective of this activity is to spread amongst students the vision of Servetus as a leading figure in the struggle towards freedom of consciousness. F7v According to Dr.