All herding behavior is modified predatory behavior. Through selective breeding, humans have been able to minimize the dog's natural inclination to treat cattle and sheep as prey while simultaneously maintaining the dog's hunting skills, thereby creating an effective herding dog. Some breeds, such as the Australian Cattle Dog, typically nip at the heels of animals for this reason they are called heelers and the Cardigan Welsh Corgi and the Pembroke Welsh Corgi were historically used in a similar fashion in the cattle droves that moved cattle from Wales to the Smithfield Mea.
The Intelligence of Dogs is a book on dog intelligence by Stanley Coren, a professor of canine psychology at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver. Coren sent evaluation requests to American Kennel Club and Canadian Kennel Club obedience trial judges, asking them to. A playful Akita in the Tokyo area playing fetch. There are two separate varieties of Akita: a Japanese strain, commonly called "Akita Inu" "inu" means "dog" in Japanese , or "Japanese Akita"; and an American strain, known as the "Akita" or "American Akita". The Akita is a powerful, independent and dominant breed, commonly aloof with strangers but affectionate with family members.
As a breed, Akitas are generally hardy, but they have been known to be susceptible to various genetic conditions and can be sensitive to certa. History In the early s, the English became concerned with the beauty of dogs as well as their function. The National American Kennel Club, which had been founded in , began to publish and make publicly available its studbook in This Chihuahua mix and Great Dane show some of the tremendous variety of dog breeds. Dogs have been selectively bred for thousands of years, sometimes by inbreeding dogs from the same ancestral lines, while at other times by mixing dogs from very different lines.
Breeds are usually categorized by the functional type from which the breed was developed. The basic types are companion dogs, guard dogs, hunting dogs, herding dogs and working dogs, although there are many other types and subtypes. Breeds listed here may be traditional breeds with long histories as registered breeds, rare breeds with their own registries, or new breeds that may still be under development.
In some cases, a breed's origin overlaps the boundaries of two or more countries; the dog is normally listed only in the country with which it is m. They were brought from Siberia to North America by the Thule people 1, years ago, along with the Canadian Eskimo Dog that is genetically identical. Lineage Greenland dog Greenland dog. The first dogs arrived in the Americas 12, years ago.
However, people and their dogs did not settle in the Arctic until the Paleo-Eskimo people 4, years ago and then the Thule people 1, years ago, both originating from Siberia. In , a study using a number of genetic markers indicated that these were both the same dog and should not be treated as separate breeds, that they maintain an indigenous her. Ludovika of Bavaria — , mother of Empress Elisabeth of Austria, holding a spitz Spitz also pluralized spitzes or, borrowing from German, Spitzen are a type of domestic dog characterized by long, thick, and often white fur, and pointed ears and muzzles.
The tail often curls over the dog's back or droops. The exact origins of spitz dogs are not known, though most of the spitz seen today originate from the Arctic region or Siberia. The larger and more powerful breeds—such as the Akita Inu, Karelian Bear Dog, Norwegian Elkhound, and Swedish Elkhound—are used for big game hunting, helping humans kill moose and brown bears.
Laika, a stray mongrel from the streets of Moscow, was selected to be the occupant of the Soviet spacecraft Sputnik 2 that was launched into outer space on 3 November Little was known about the impact of spaceflight on living creatures at the time of Laika's mission, and the technology to de-orbit had not yet been developed, so Laika's survival was never expected. Some scientists believed humans would be unable to survive the launch or the conditions of outer space, so engineers viewed flights by animals as a necessary precursor to human missions.
Laika died within hour. The Japanese Spitz is a companion dog and pet. There are varying standards around the world as to the ideal size of the breed, but they are always larger than their smaller cousins, the Pomeranian. They were developed in Japan in the s and s by breeding a number of other Spitz type dog breeds together.
They are recognized by the vast majority of the major kennel clubs, except the American Kennel Club due to it being of similar appearance to the white Pomeranian, American Eskimo Dog and Samoyed. While they are a relatively new breed, they are becoming widely popular due to their favorable temperament and other features.
The major health concern is patellar luxation, and a minor recurring concern is that the breed can be prone to runny eyes. They can act as reliable watchdogs, but are a type of companion dog and prefer to be an active part of the family. Although they might appear fluffy, they are a low main.
The Tervuren , sometimes spelled Tervueren , is named after a village in Belgium. Its classification varies, being classified under some breed standards as a breed in its own right, and in others as one of several acceptable variations of the Belgian Shepherd Dog. It is usually listed within breed standards under one or other, or a combination, of these names. Prior to , the Belgium Tervuren was shown as Belgium Sheepdog.
In that year, the AKC granted the breed separate status. Females are finer and smaller. It is recognized by its thick double coat,. The Danish Spitz is a dog breed, originating from Denmark. The breed is known for making a good family pet, particularly as they are patient with children. They were once known as the nanny dog, and were used on farms around the country as the children's dog — although they were initially a companion of the upper class. Throughout time they've been known under various names, including Samoyed Spitz, Wolf Spitz, Greenland Spitz and White Spitz, which made it difficult to keep track of the breed and the breeding.
Today the breed is known as the Danish Spitz. It is possible to show the breed in the Denmark and the Nordic countries. Due to not yet being officially recognized, it is still not widely known in Denmark or th. Cephalic index viewed from above the head The cephalic index or cranial index is the ratio of the maximum width bipareital diameter or BPD, side to side of the head of an organism human or animal multiplied by divided by its maximum length occipitofrontal diameter or OFD, front to back.
The index is also used to categorize animals, especially dogs and cats. Historic use in human anthropology Early anthropology Cephalic index map of Eastern Europe The cephalic index was widely used by anthropologists in the early 20th century to categorize human populations, and by Carleton S.
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Coon in the s. It is now mainly used to describe individuals' appearances and for estimating the age of fetuses for legal and obstetrical reasons. The cephalic index was defined by Swedish professor of anatomy Anders Retzius — and first used in physical anthropology to classify ancient human remains found in Europe. The theory became closely associated with the development of racial anthropology in the. The Indian Spitz is a spitz-type dog breed belonging to the Utility Dog group. It is very similar to the German Spitz in appearance but is roughly 1.
The Indian Spitz was one of the most popular dogs in India in the s and the s when India's import rules made it very difficult to import dogs of other breeds. The confusion arises from the fact that both breeds belong to the Spitz family, along with the Elk-Hound, German Spitz, Samoyed, Finnish Spitz, and many others.
Years of breeding produced the ideal dog type which was suited to the plains of India and was capable of withstanding India's sultry climate. These Spitzes resembled Samoyeds and German Spitzes but had less thick coats and were smaller in size, which was ideal for the cond. Non-human electoral candidates have been found in a number of countries.
Often, the candidacies are a means of casting a protest vote or satirizing the political system. Other times it is simply done for entertainment value. Electoral regulations may explicitly require candidates to be human or equivalent wording , or may require candidates to do things which animals cannot reasonably do such as sign their name legibly on a legal form ; most constituencies require candidates to be of the age of a legal adult, which eliminates many animals whose life expectancy is usually too short to ever qualify.
On some occasions, however, animals have been accepted as candidates, and have even won office. Sibirskiy khaski is a medium size working dog breed that originated in Northeast Asia. The breed belongs to the Spitz genetic family. With proper training, they make great sled dogs. The original Siberian Huskies were bred by the Chukchi people — whose hunter-gatherer culture relied on their help.
Aging in dogs Canis lupus familiaris varies from breed to breed, and affects the dog's health, physical ability and life expectancy. Older dogs, like this year-old Neapolitan Mastiff, often grow grey hairs on their muzzles; some dogs grow grey hair all over. As with humans, advanced years often bring changes in a dog's ability to hear, see and move about easily.
Skin condition, appetite and energy levels often degrade with geriatric age, and medical conditions such as cancer, renal failure, arthritis, dementia, and joint conditions, and other signs of old age may appear. The changes in care often required by an older dog may lead a non-experienced owner to release the animal to a shelter or rescue organization.
Non-profit groups have sprung up in response to the growing need for senior dog rescue. The aging profile of dogs varies according to their adult size often determined by their breed : smaller dogs often live over 15—16 years, medium and large size dogs typically 10 to 13 years, and some gi. This list of dog diseases is a selection of diseases and other conditions found in the dog. Some of these diseases are unique to dogs or closely related species, while others are found in other animals, including humans. Not all of the articles listed here contain information specific to dogs.
Infectious diseases Viral infections Rabies hydrophobia is a fatal viral disease that can affect any mammal, although the close relationship of dogs with humans makes canine rabies a zoonotic concern. Vaccination of dogs for rabies is commonly required by law. Please see the article dog health for information on this disease in dogs. It occurs worldwide. The signs are worse in puppies. Chiengora is a yarn or wool spun from dog hair. The word is a portmanteau of chien the French word for dog and angora. Often chiengora is blended with wool during the carding process.
This blend has some give to it, which is preferable when knitting. It is also often blended with wool in order to create a yarn with less heat insulation. History Spinning dog hair is not a new art form. Dog hair has been found in yarns dating back from pre-historic Scandinavia, and in textiles from the Navajo and Northwest Coast Indians of North America. It was the main fiber spun on the Northern American continent before the Spaniards introduced sheep.
In modern times it is rarely used. In general it is only used by hand spinners with pet dogs. Perianal gland tumor cytology A perianal gland tumor is a type of tumor found near the anus in dogs that arises from specialized glandular tissue found in the perineum. Perianal glands do not exist in cats. It is most commonly seen in intact not neutered dogs and is the third most common tumor type in intact male dogs.
Both have receptors for testosterone. The German Spitz Klein is a breed of dog of the German spitz type. They are usually classed as a toy or utility breed. A Spitz-type dog is compact of body, with a dense stand-off coat, tail curled over the back and a fox-like appearance to the head. Archaeological findings date the German Spitz to dogs that were of similar build and size during the Stone Age. Appearance The Spitz Klein has triangular ears and a small, foxy face that is less fluffy than the rest of the body, although the fur is still very thick.
The fur around the neck is even thicker, giving the dog a lion-like appearance. The body has a fuzzy, woolly base underneath the straight, smooth upper coat, although it has a tendency to become crimped when wet. The tail will usually curl up over the back and sit flat. The Spitz Klein ranges in.
The Canadian Kennel Club maintains breed registries services for all purebred dogs it officially recognizes and provides governance for all CKC approved dog conformation shows, dog trials and canine events. Sebaceous adenitis and hair loss in a dog Sebaceous adenitis in an uncommon skin disease found in some breeds of dog, and more rarely in cats, rabbits and horses. It was first described in veterinary literature in the s. The Elo is an emerging breed of dog, with development beginning in in Germany. The breed name is trademarked and development has been closely supervised by the Elo Breeding and Research Association.
The Elo is notable in that it is primarily selected and bred according to behavioral characteristics and social behavior, with the goal of creating the best family pet. The prick ears are furry, wide set, and slightly rounded at the ends. The coat comes in a long Rauhaar an. DoggoLingo, also referred to as woof, bork and dog-speak, is an internet language trend that is created from word conversion, meme lexicon, and onomatopoeia.
DoggoLingo is implied to be a dog's own idiom, and is presented as what humans have long believed goes on in the canine brain. Elyse Graham, assistant professor at Stony Brook University, describes DoggoLingo as "upbeat, joyful, and clueless in a relentlessly friendly way". DoggoLingo relies heavily upon onomatopoeia. Words such as blep, blop and mlem, that describe the action of a dog sticking out its tongue. Also, bork, boof, woof to describe the various canine barking sounds. DoggoLingo is simplistic and also creates words based upon the appearance of a canine.
For example, a dog with a fluffy coat would. Northern Breed Group is the name of a breed group of dogs, used by kennel clubs to classify a defined collection of dog breeds. Samoyed is excellent for children and other dogs.
With proper training and socialization, Samoyed loves children. However, it is still recommended that you supervise the interactions between your dog and small children. Samoyed has a calm temperament. That is why he does well around other dogs especially those who are raised with him together since he is still a puppy. A bored Samoyed is destructive.
Next to the things you should know about a Samoyed is that he is known to be quite destructive if he is under-exercised or left alone for long periods. That is why you ensure that he has a companion to play with to keep him busy. Samoyed is prone to certain health conditions. Next to the things you should know about a Samoyed is that he is prone to certain health conditions like the other purebred dogs. These conditions include diabetes, hypothyroidism, hip dysplasia, glaucoma, cancer, and progressive retinal atrophy. His average lifespan is 12 to 25 years. Samoyed is heat sensitive.
His luxurious white coat prefers cooler temperature. Do not allow your dog to overexpose himself in the heat. Schedule his exercise and play for cooler hours of the day like early in the morning or late in the afternoon. Keep him inside an airconditioned area when the temperature heats up. This dog breed prefers cooler temperatures. He is sensitive to heat. In summary, the above is a list of things you should know about a Samoyed. Samoyed is friendly with children, strangers, and even other pets.
She stays calm indoors and is very smart. It was excavated to generate the tiered bowl of an amphitheatre which would have held 6, people. The museum now contains some of the most important ancient inscriptions in Spain.
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Opening Times:Tu e s d a y - F r i d a y 10am-2pm and 58pm. Saturdays and Sundays 11 a m - 2 p m. Closed: Mondays and public holidays. The name of La Mejillonera, at Calle Mayor means "mussel". It is a basic, noisy tapas bar with furiously fast service and a nautical theme. A trough runs around the bar to collect shells and discarded bills. The main high street built narrow to maximise the shade is Calle Mayor, which is home to two independent bookshops and an array of clothing outlets, including Massimo Dutti, Oysho, Tintoretto, Zara, Alain Manoukian and Bershka.
There are a number of museums relating to the city's long and complex history under the Carthaginians, Romans and Moors. All are. It only opens each evening between 4pm-7pm, and is closed on Monday. It opens Tuesday to Sunday from 10am to 2. It opens 10am See www. Of the same kind 43 - Subway Buy one get one free. Across 7. Located in the centre of the country, which is the largest city in Switzerland?
Bufo bufo is the scientific name for which tailless, stoutbodied amphibian? What sort of trousers did Madness sing about in ? What name is given to a youthful attendant at official functions or ceremonies such as legislative functions and weddings? Prunus armeniaca is the scientific name for which peach-like fruit? What is the surname of the English writer, actor, television presenter and theatre performer who is best known for.
What was the name of the large, hairy extinct elephant of the Pleistocene era? What was the surname of the Methodist minister who founded the Salvation Army in ? What is the medical name for the shinbone or shankbone? By what name was the Russian city of St Petersburg known from to ? Also known as a Bjelkier, which husky-like dog was developed in Siberia, where it was kept as a sled dog and as a herd dog for reindeer? Which delicacy is traditionally eaten on Shrove Tuesday?
Which make of car won the Le Mans 24 hour race four consecutive years between and ? Which city is the capital of Vietnam? Which British pop group reached number four in the UK Maze? Which curved, hand-held agricultural tool featured on the singles chart in with Romeo? Across 1. Have to 4 3. Collide 5 6. Group of pupils 5 8. Elegant 5 In spite of 10 It appears that 10 Additional 5 Go into 5 Leader 5 Hold 4. Down 1.
A great deal 4 2. Standby 5 4. Dwelling 9 5. Split 5 7. Flight of steps 9 9. Chore 4 Barred enclosure 4 Piece 5 Afterwards 5 Journey 4. Who won the Oregon democratic primary? Who sailed on a ship called 'Queen Ann's Revenge'? What was Britain's first colony, it was annexed in ? In , who was the first person to transmit radio signals across the Atlantic? Which country had The Dauphin as a ruler?
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Who was Captain of the Titanic on her maiden voyage?
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Double Crossword Cryptic Across 1. Spiritualist meeting Irishman before church 6 4. Facing a stag in trouble 7 The Spanish fleet loses its leader, gets wrecked. What a tragedy! Honours European, very fat 5 Former head of education was in at the appointed hour 7 Telling beer makes aggressive 11 Begin to broadcast outside Before much time has elapsed a nobleman takes that over there 5,2 Closely follow notice in exhibition 6 2.
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Get set, Lego can break 7 5. Surround with a hard rim 5 6. Plant part of Old Testament 6 8. Most grander effect is achieved by force 6,5 A gentle style getting stylish 7 Feeling of guilt concerning the code 7. The thing you want to achieve most this week is harmony and balance at home, and everyone working on the same page at work. Keep both factions separate, whilst paying equal attention to each. The latter end of the week brings disappointments but nothing you cant handle. Go along with criminal villain 6 Perhaps an alto sings out of key 6 Some people care naturally for the ground 5 Type of macaque 6 9.
In opposition to 7 Stage show 5 Overweight 5 Once 7 Aggressive 11 Alfresco Piece of music 5 Come to an end 5. Initially 5,2 Formal procedure 6 Rescind 6 Down 1. Outline 6 2. Astonish 5 3. Coagulate 7 5. Evade 5 6. Post 7 7. Plant organ 6 8.
Bullied 6,5 Pleasing to the eye 7 Regret 7 Be in accord 6 Unkeyed 6 Stadium 5 Culinary herb 5. Relationships form the most important part of your life. Get involved in group related activities. Communications are great.
Need support? All you have to do is ask. The lunar low advises you to adopt a more low key approach. I know you have many issues burning in the back of your mind, but taking a day or two to centre yourself is the best thing you could do. Allow any confusion over communications to abate before making comment. Every now and then stop in your tracks and consider if plans are going the way you want. That should get them paying attention now. Watch your money. With the lunar high activated you can afford to act on impulse and make snap decisions.
The originality of your nature is on display and you wont have any bother attracting people into your sphere. You come across to others as quite different and quite outrageous. Keep work and pleasure separate. Get someone to help you map out your diary. New series. The return of the documentary providing an insight into the work of emergency service motorcyclists. Bristol paramedic Wingnut heads out into the countryside where two riders are in trouble, but finding them is a bit of a problem.
Meanwhile in Cornwall, Rob has to deal with the driver of a bulldozer who has broken his ankle so badly it may need to be amputated if it is not fixed promptly. Monkey Pip Ahoy! Hatton Garden has been London's jewellery quarter for more than years. Located north-west of the City, it's a half-mile stretch where millions of pounds of gold, silver and precious stones are bought and sold every day.
This documentary goes behind the scenes, meeting the wheelers and dealers and bespoke designers working in the area, from a trader who conducts the sale of a diamond ring in the back of a taxi, to a metal reclamation expert who gives an insight into her often mucky job. Sci-fi comedy starring Simon Pegg and Nick Frost.
On their much anticipated road trip to America's notorious Area 51, two sci-fi geeks find themselves in the company of a real-life extraterrestrial who needs their help. CHILDREN OF SYRIA In this documentary, the BBC's chief international correspondent Lyse Doucet follows the lives of six young Syrians over the course of six months, with the three boys and three girls aged between 8 and 14 sharing their stories, giving an insight into the impact of the war on them and helping explain how the conflict will affect their country's future.
Bop Box Pip Ahoy! We'll Take It Away! Chief Inspector Cathy Hyde works with the police to break up a suspected puppy-trafficking ring in Lancashire and is dismayed to discover that some of the dogs are suffering from a deadly virus. In Birmingham, Herchy Boal tries to persuade Jason to give up his beloved huskies after complaints from his neighbours, while Clare Dew heads for north London after receiving a call about a Malteseterrier cross on the roof of a takeaway shop on a busy main road.
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