The informal stocktaking plenary resumed at pm. COP President Espinosa emphasized that a balance had been struck with regard to the draft texts and observed that editorial errors in the draft texts were being addressed. She underscored the transparent working method and, after receiving another standing ovation from parties and observers, she thanked delegates for their expressions of enthusiasm. Bolivia requested clarification on the process and on the status of the texts: as negotiating texts; or a draft decisions.
He called for discussion on the documents. COP President Espinosa explained that the texts were drafted to facilitate the work of the parties and would be submitted to the two AWGs for consideration and subsequent adoption. Peru, for Chile, Colombia, the Dominican Republic, Peru and Guatemala, requested parties to accept the documents, noting that they reflect progress and are a starting point. Venezuela called on parties to listen to Bolivia and to return promptly to the AWG sessions to consider the texts.
He explained that the package builds upon the Copenhagen outcome and highlighted anchoring of pledges, economic opportunities for REDD, important measures on adaptation, a green climate fund and a technology mechanism. Lesotho, for the LDCs, said the package is a good foundation for future work and contains key elements for a climate deal in Durban next year. He emphasized adequate consideration given for the vulnerability of the LDCs, as well as establishment of an adaptation framework, green fund and adaptation thematic funding windows.
Cuba identified the conference as being in sharp contrast to Copenhagen. The Maldives, Singapore, Senegal and many others also welcomed the balanced package. The EU said the package paves the way forward in the process, noting that Copenhagen provided the initial step for anchoring pledges. Uruguay expressed disappointment that agreement on agriculture could not be reached. Bangladesh highlighted positive steps on adaptation and finance in the text. Guyana called for compromise and cautioned against reopening the text.
The United Arab Emirates expressed disappointment with the weak signals for the Kyoto Protocol, but welcomed signals for support for CCS, and said it supported moving forward with the texts. The Philippines welcomed progress in finance. Noting that the texts attempt to achieve a delicate balance, Kenya drew attention to the need for stronger language on loss and damage, and said that under mitigation, responsibilities for action were being transferred to developing countries without appropriate support. Costa Rica observed that delegates would not be leaving Cancun empty-handed.
China noted that the outcome in Cancun has fairly reflected the views of parties, although there are shortcomings in the text. He expressed satisfaction that the negotiations had adhered to the Bali Action Plan and the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities. Japan paid tribute to the COP President for her leadership and supported the adoption of the draft texts. Algeria, for the African Group, observed that Cancun has restored confidence in the multilateral system and expressed support for the texts.
Zambia supported the texts as a building block towards an agreement in South Africa. The Dominican Republic highlighted the need to crystallize the agreement being negotiated and expressed support for the texts. She emphasized that the Cancun conference is not an end, but the beginning of a new stage of cooperation based on the conviction that all have responsibility for the environment and the rest of humanity. He called for parties to move toward an ambitious legally-binding instrument. Bangladesh highlighted the spirit of compromise in the negotiations. Grenada, for AOSIS, said the conference has resulted in enough to allow parties to proceed with trust, hope and expectation of more progress in South Africa in She added that the achievements of the conference must give life, liberty and security to all in terms of climate change.
Zambia underlined that multilateralism is the only way to address international challenges such as climate change. Pakistan noted that they would have preferred a more solid outcome under the Kyoto Protocol, with the adoption of a second commitment period. On shared vision , the agreement, inter alia :. On enhanced action on adaptation , the COP agrees that enhanced action is required to support implementation of actions aimed at reducing vulnerability and building resilience of developing country parties, taking into account the needs of those that are particularly vulnerable.
It affirms that adaptation should be undertaken in accordance with the Convention. The agreement also establishes the Cancun Adaptation Framework, an Adaptation Committee and a work programme on loss and damage. The text invites parties to enhance adaptation action under the Cancun Adaptation Framework through, inter alia :. The agreement also establishes an Adaptation Committee to promote implementation of enhanced action through: technical support and guidance; enhancing information sharing on good practices; promoting synergy and strengthening engagement of organizations, centers and networks; providing information on good practices on means to incentivize adaptation implementation and reduce vulnerability; and considering communications by parties on monitoring and review of adaptation actions with an aim to recommend further actions.
Parties are invited to submit to the Secretariat, by 21 February , views on the composition, modalities and procedures for the Adaptation Committee. A work programme is also established to consider, through workshops and expert meetings, approaches to loss and damage associated with climate change impacts in particularly vulnerable countries. The text invites parties to submit, by 21 February , views on what should be in the work programme, inter alia : development of a climate risk insurance facility; options for risk management, risk sharing and transfer mechanisms, and resilience building; and rehabilitation measures for slow onset events.
The agreement decides that parties shall use existing channels to provide information on support provided and received, activities undertaken, progress made, lessons learned, and challenges and gaps on enhanced action on adaptation. On nationally appropriate mitigation commitments or actions by developed countries , the COP emphasizes the need for deep cuts in GHG emissions while acknowledging common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities, and the historical responsibility of developed countries for the largest share of historical global emissions.
The text also takes note of the quantified economy-wide emission reduction targets to be implemented by Annex I parties and urges them to increase the ambition of these targets with a view to reducing aggregate anthropogenic emissions to a level consistent with the recommendations of the IPCC in AR4.
The agreement decides to: enhance reporting in national communications on progress made in emission reductions and provision of financial, technology and capacity-building support to developing countries; enhance the guidelines for reporting and review of national communications; establish national arrangements for estimating emissions by sources and removal by sinks; establish a process for international assessment of emissions and removals related to quantified economy-wide emission reductions targets in the SBI; requests developed countries to develop low-carbon development strategies; and establish a work programme for the development of modalities and guidelines building on existing reporting and review guidelines.
The work programme for the development of modalities and guidelines will revise guidelines as necessary on the reporting of national communications on provision of financing, supplementary information on achievement of quantified economy-wide targets and national inventory arrangements. The work programme will also revise guidelines for the review of national communications, establish guidelines for national inventory arrangements and define the procedures and modalities for international assessment and review of emissions and removals related to quantified economy-wide targets, including the role of LULUCF and market-based mechanisms.
The text requests the Secretariat to organize workshops to clarify assumptions and conditions related to attaining targets, including use of market mechanisms and LULUCF, and to prepare a technical paper to facilitate understanding of assumptions and conditions, as well as a comparison of efforts. On nationally appropriate mitigation actions by developing country parties , the COP agrees that developing country parties would take NAMAs aimed at achieving a deviation in emissions relative to business-as-usual by It also decides that developed countries shall provide support for preparation and implementation of developing country NAMAs.
A registry will be set up to match finance, technology and capacity-building support to NAMAs seeking international support, and NAMAs of developing countries will be recognized in a separate section of the registry. The Secretariat will record and update information on NAMAs seeking international support, support available from developed countries and support provided.
In a separate section of the registry, the Secretariat will record: already communicated NAMAs; additional NAMAs submitted voluntarily; and internationally-supported mitigation actions and associated support. The Agreement indicates that reporting in non-Annex I national communications on mitigation actions and their effects, as well as support received, is to be enhanced, with flexibility for LDCs and SIDS.
Internationally-supported mitigation actions will be subject to domestic and international MRV in accordance with guidelines to be developed, while domestically-supported mitigation actions will be subject to domestic MRV in accordance with guidelines yet to be developed. ICA of biennial reports will be conducted in the SBI to increase transparency of mitigation actions and their effect, and will include information on mitigation actions, inventory reports, progress in implementation and information on domestic MRV and support received.
The COP also agrees on a work programme for the development of modalities and guidelines for the registry, MRV of supported actions and corresponding support, biennial reports as part of national communications, domestic MRV and ICA. Parties are invited to submit their views on these modalities and guidelines by 28 March The Secretariat is requested to organize workshops to understand the diversity of mitigation actions submitted, underlying assumptions and support needed for implementation.
It encourages developing country parties to contribute to mitigation actions in the forest sector by: reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation; conserving forest carbon stocks; sustainable forest management; and enhancing forest carbon stocks. As part of this objective, developing countries are requested to develop a national strategy or action plan, national forest reference levels or subnational reference levels as an interim measure, a robust and transparent national forest monitoring system, and a system for providing information on how the safeguards in Annex I to the decision are being addressed throughout implementation.
The text requests the SBSTA to develop a work programme to identify, inter alia , drivers of deforestation and degradation, methodologies for estimating emissions and removals from these activities. On various approaches to enhance the cost-effectiveness of mitigation actions , parties decide to consider establishing, at COP 17, one or more market-based mechanisms, taking account of: voluntary participation and equitable access; complementing other means of supporting NAMAs by developing countries; stimulating mitigation across broad segments of the economy; safeguarding environmental integrity; ensuring a net decrease or avoidance of emissions; assisting developed countries to meet mitigation targets while ensuring its use is supplemental to domestic mitigation efforts; and ensuring good governance and robust markets.
Parties are invited to submit their views on such a mechanism to the Secretariat by 21 February Parties are invited to submit their views to the Secretariat on non-market-based mechanisms and information on the evaluation of various approaches in enhancing the cost-effectiveness of mitigation actions by 21 February On finance , the COP invites developed country parties to submit to the Secretariat by May , , and , information on resources for fast-start financing and long-term finance.
It also decides that scaled-up, new and additional, predictable and adequate funding shall be provided to developing countries, taking into account those particularly vulnerable, through a variety of sources, including public and private sources. The GCF will be governed by 24 board members, equally representing developed and developing country parties. It will be administered by a trustee.
The World Bank will serve as the interim GCF trustee, subject to review three years after the fund is operationalized. Operation of the fund will be supported by an independent secretariat. On technology transfer and development , the agreement decides that the object of technology transfer and development is to support mitigation and adaptation actions and that technology needs must be nationally determined. The functions of the TEC are to:. The CTCN shall facilitate a network of networks, organizations and initiatives with a view to engaging participants effectively, at the request of developing countries, in: providing advice and support on identifying technology needs and implementing environmentally-sound technologies; facilitating training and support for developing country capacity to identify technology options; and facilitating deployment of existing technologies.
The CTCN will also: enhance cooperation with national, regional and international technology centers and relevant national institutions; facilitate partnerships among public and private stakeholders; provide in-country technical assistance and training; stimulate the establishment of twinning center arrangements to promote North-South, South-South and triangular partnerships; and identify and assist with developing analytical tools, policies and best practices.
On capacity building , the agreement states that capacity-building support should be enhanced by strengthening relevant institutions, networks for sharing knowledge and information, communication, education, training and public awareness, and stakeholder participation. Financial resources should be provided by Annex II parties and others able to do so. The AWG-LCA is requested to consider further enhancement of monitoring and review of the effectiveness of capacity building for consideration by COP 17, and to elaborate the modalities regarding institutional arrangements for capacity building, also for consideration by COP On the review , the Agreement decides to periodically review the adequacy of the long-term global goal and overall progress in achieving it.
The review should be guided by equity and common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities and account for: the best available science, including IPCC assessment reports; observed impacts of climate change; assessment of the overall aggregate effects of steps taken by parties; and consideration of strengthening the long-term global goal, including in relation to temperature rises of 1. The first review should start in and finish by , and the COP should take appropriate action based on the review. It further requests the AWG-LCA to carry out the undertakings in this decision, continue its work drawing on the documents under its consideration, and continue discussing legal options with a view to completing an agreed outcome based on the Bali Action Plan, the work done at COP 16 and proposals made by parties under Convention Article The Secretariat is requested to make necessary arrangements in accordance with guidance from the Bureau for these meetings.
He suggested, and parties agreed, to leave the sub-item on information contained in non-Annex I national communications in abeyance. Mexico, for the EIG, highlighted the importance of stakeholder participation. Grenada, for AOSIS, called for discussions on the financial mechanism, particularly concerning access to finance. It was further considered in the joint contact group co-chaired by Anke Herold and Eric Mugurusi.
Key issues raised in the contact group included the status of submission of the fifth national communications, the need for a review and the possibility of undertaking a centralized review in some cases. On 4 December, the SBI adopted conclusions.
Colloquia, workshops, etc.
Convention Article Many parties agreed to further discuss the issue at the SBI 34 and hold further coordinated and joint discussions with the non-Annex I national communications group. The issue was further addressed in the contact group co-chaired by Anke Herold and Eric Mugurusi. Discussions focused on surveys, technical reports, workshops and regional training activities. Information contained in non-Annex I national communications: This item was held in abeyance. Financial and technical support: This agenda sub-item was first addressed in the SBI plenary on 30 November.
The issue was further considered in the contact group co-chaired by Anke Herold and Eric Mugurusi. Key issues discussed included the provision of funds and existing procedures for the preparation of national communications and difficulties related to timely access to funds. Many developing countries also expressed concern with the procedures in place that create challenges for the timely and efficient distribution of funds to concerned parties. The COP subsequently adopted the decision texts on 10 December. Fourth Review of the Financial Mechanism: Parties considered draft decision text from SBI 33 and completed the fourth review of the financial mechanism.
It indicates that this support should focus on helping developing countries meet their commitments under the Convention, strengthen national capacity building, and apply and diffuse technologies, practices and processes for mitigation. It further requests SBI 37 to initiate the fifth review of the financial mechanism.
It was also considered in a contact group. The COP subsequently adopted the decision on 10 December. It was subsequently taken up in a contact group chaired by Pa Ousman Jarju Gambia. Discussions focused on the intermediate review of progress in implementing the amended New Delhi Work Programme on Article 6, further support for capacity-building activities in developing countries and the outcomes of the thematic regional and sub-regional workshops. During discussions, differences arose regarding proposed workshops, particularly one on response measures, with developed countries opposing such a workshop and some developing countries strongly supporting it.
Following further informal consultations, Australia proposed, and parties supported, holding a workshop promoting risk management approaches to address impacts of response measures and that it be held back-to-back, if possible, with other workshops relevant to developing country concerns about the impact of response measures.
The SBI plenary adopted these conclusions, as amended, on 4 December. The issue was subsequently addressed in the contact group co-chaired by Katherine Vaughn and Rence Sore. Zambia called for enhanced deployment of existing technologies and, with the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the removal of barriers to technology transfer, such as intellectual property rights. Climate Justice Network, speaking for environmental NGOs, called for a new technology mechanism with a mandate to evaluate the social and environmental impact of technologies.
Capacity building was further considered in a contact group co-chaired by Philip Gwage Uganda and Marie Jaudet France. Parties were unable to agree on this and decided to return to the issue at SBI Discussions took place in informal consultations, during which procedural draft conclusions were proposed by the co-chairs. Several parties called for substantive rather than procedural conclusions and a group of developing countries proposed a workshop relevant to Article 2.
One party strongly opposed the workshop. The SBI closing plenary adopted conclusions on 4 December. On 4 December, the SBI took note of the report. It was then addressed in the contact group co-chaired by Anke Herold and Eric Mugurusi. No substantive discussions took place and consideration of the issue will continue at SBI The focus of the contact group was on the engagement of observers and the inclusion of legislative entities and parliaments in the UNFCCC process.
On the engagement of observers, differences surfaced regarding the role of parliamentarians and legislators. The US opposed references in the text to parliamentarians and legislators as observers, while Saudi Arabia, supported by Egypt, opposed referring to parliamentarians and legislators, saying their participation and role should be considered by each party according to its national circumstances and legal framework.
An in-session workshop on ways to enhance the engagement of observers and their means of participation was supported by Mexico and many others, but opposed by Saudi Arabia. The SBI adopted conclusions on this matter at its closing plenary on 4 December. The SBI also recognizes the need to take into account best practices from other processes within the UN system and requests the Secretariat to report back on these practices to SBI The SBI agrees to convene an in-session workshop in to further develop ways to enhance the engagement of observers, including ideas for enhancing the existing means of participation, taking note of the discussions during SBI It requests that the report on the workshop be presented to SBI In their closing statements, several speakers highlighted the extension of the LEG.
Australia, for the Umbrella Group, regretted lack of agreement on capacity building. Informal consultations focused on reviewing the NWP and its continuation. The conclusions also ask the Secretariat to coordinate, with relevant international organizations and initiatives, implementation of a pilot training course combining online training with face-to-face training on preparing technology transfer projects for financing.
They emphasized the importance of investments in observation systems to provide robust climate data. ICAO highlighted a comprehensive resolution on aviation and climate change adopted in October , while IMO noted efforts to develop a comprehensive mandatory regulatory framework and market-based mechanisms to substantially reduce GHG emissions from maritime transport by Several parties identified ICAO and IMO as the principle fora for addressing emissions from international aviation and maritime transportation. Cuba, for Argentina, Brazil, China, India and Saudi Arabia, supported by South Africa and others, stressed the principles of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities.
This item was further considered in a contact group co-chaired by Riitta Pipatti Finland and Nagmeldin Elhassan Sudan. The IPCC Task Force on National Greenhouse Gas Inventories reported on recent meetings addressing use of models and measurements in GHG inventories and on methodological issues related to reporting on harvested wood products, wetlands and nitrous oxide emissions from soils. The SBSTA requests the Secretariat to organize a third workshop under the work programme, to be held in early , and a fourth workshop in the second half of Greenhouse gas data interface: The Secretariat reported on the development of the greenhouse gas data interface.
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- The Blade of Grass in the Desert.
- Mood for a Day.
- Islam, Gesellschaft und europäische Moderne - Chancen und Hindernisse für Demokratie und Zivilgesellschaft (Der andere Orient 15) (German Edition).
- Medigap: A Primer.
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- Be A Vessel of Honor.
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APA - Pre-session documents. High Level Segment. Daily programme. Side Events and Exhibits. Climate Change Studio. High-level Ministerial Dialogue on Climate Finance. Workshop for facilitative sharing of views at the forty-fifth session of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation. In-session Progress Updates. Press Releases. APA 1. SBI 44 - Agenda. SBI 44 - In-session documents. SBI 44 - Post-session documents. SBI 44 - Pre-session documents. APA 1 - Agenda. APA 1 - In-session documents. The core of the Summer school is to develop and deepen the knowledge of young scholars and researchers working on textual material by using methods of the digital humanities.
Especially with regard to manuscripts and rare books, this workshop deals with the process of digitizing, text structuring and encoding and its benefits for research. By using means of the digital humanities textual sources can be analysed in multiple ways and there are chances for new interdisciplinary approaches.
It pervades various aspects of Indian social and cultural life. In this paper, I present some of the results of my doctoral study of the traditional education and training of Brahmins as observed in 25 contemporary Vedic schools in Maharashtra, India. Vedic schools with their gurukula model of education are, thus, a very tangible place to observe how the Veda is passed on to the next generations and the way the Vedic tradition is preserved and reconstructed by orthodox Brahmins today.
In this paper, I investigate how ideal conceptions around Brahmanhood are transmitted and ritually performed in contemporary India. I discuss how discourses around what it means to be a Brahmin are constantly being renegotiated anew. With this example, I will present ways in which the Vedic tradition is being articulated today and how apparent contradictions are being resolved.
How is a coronation ritual in democratic India justified? What are the socio-political and religious implications involved in the costly performance of such a ritual? What does this event tell us about the role of the Vedic tradition in contemporary Hinduism? I this paper, I hope to provide answers to these questions and provide with a vivid example of how the Vedic tradition reinvents itself in contemporary India..
The system built around the concept of dharma, the Patrick Olivelle argues, is undoubtedly a legal system. Hart's The Concept of Law, perhaps the most influential work on the philosophy of law. The rule of recognition, simply put, provides both ordinary citizens and state officials, especially judges, the criteria for identifying what is a valid law and what is not.
Between and CE, we see scholars discussing the serious problems that flow from this basic principle. The multiplicity of dharma, divided according the time, place, and community, is central to the Brahmanical understanding of dharma, in spite of theological veneer of its Vedic basis. On food and ritual throughout history. Includes papers on food and religious behaviour, identity and emotion in religious texts from Ancient Greece and Rome, Mesopotamia, South and South-east Asia and the Hebrew Bible. Water in Asia is subject to a great variety of knowledge systems and practices.
Some of these appear to be linked to particular spaces — when associated with specific local cultures or religions — while others are structured by functional and symbolic differentiations, like expert knowledge, political knowledge and sacred knowledge.
The recognition of the global inter-connectedness of environmental phenomena has increasingly led to cooperation across national, social and political boundaries. However, academic collaboration is still constrained by disciplinary boundaries, and even more importantly by the hierarchical boundaries of different knowledge systems. With this field workshop in Jaipur the research group is starting a series of workshops that should enhance transdisciplinary cooperation without sacrificing the strength of disciplinary methodology and competencies, which has lately become a state-of-the-art practice in the agendas of leading global environmental research.
Step-wells and tanks in the city of Jaipur had from the early 18th century been built by Indian engineers with special expertise in water supply systems for arid zones. Modern public supply systems also had to cope with concepts of health and social function surrounding water and co-existed with traditional systems. The presented case studies of Jaipur and Amber will examine the systems of knowledge as applied to management of water and the shift in the function of water architecture down into the present. Bhakti is serving God out of pure emotions of love. It does not require any logical apparatus for its foundation or exercise.
How Buddhist is the Nepalese Wright Chronicle? Dividing Texts: Conventions of visual text-organization in Nepalese manuscripts up to ca. CE Neue vedische Rituale in Nepal. Further details are available here. The opening of the conference is initiated on Thursday, 11th July, at 6 p. Various types of water places form an integral part of the topography of Varanasi. In this lecture I will show that this waterscape has its environmental history where technological, scientific and religious knowledge systems interact.
For the Brahmanical tradition the cremation ground is a place of impurity and danger. Elaborate rituals and sets of rules and regulations have been developed to ensure that the pollution caused by death does not enter the ordered world of normal life. But since ancient times this spot at the periphery of the settlement is the place for other ritual activities, too. Associated with ambivalent deities such as Bhairava and his female consorts, these are often transgressive in character and are usually performed in secrecy.
The region of Ellora is of great historical significance in the Indian sub-continent, as it was a zone of convergence of four major religions, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Islam; it lay on major trade and pilgrimage routes and was a political centre of medieval and early modern India in the Mughal Empire. The water conservation techniques are based on an understanding of the rock type Deccan Basalt out of which the reservoirs, tanks, cisterns and step-wells were excavated. It will involve the participation of scholars and specialists in the fields of history, indology, archaeology, anthropology, architecture, hydrology and geography from India and Germany.
- Jottings Pembrokeshire Hearth Tax 1670?
- The Daughter of the Chieftain : the Story of an Indian Girl;
- Barres aux céréales et barres chocolatées - Mini gourmands (French Edition).
- Widele, wedele - Score.
Eben diese Mittel sicherten ihnen oft aber auch eine gesellschaftliche Position als Wunder und Heilung wirkende Heilige. Besonders deutlich wird dies am Beispiel des Baba Kinaram 17 Jh. Die Veranstaltung soll aber auch Gelegenheit bieten, andere Bereiche dieses facettenreichen Themas mit Dr. Talk within the sixth Wuerzburg colloquium: "Wege zum Heil igen? The forcefulness of his writings comes from a unique blend of modern approach towards a text and at the same time use of traditional apparatus in understanding it.
I intend to provide an overview of the context, content and nature of his exegetical works. Over the last few decades, at least in the metropolitan context of Kathmandu, profound chan-ge has affected the material setting and layout of Nepalese Hindu marriage rituals. Marriage is nowadays organized as a series of semi-public events that require large sums of money to be spent.
It is common to hire professional event management. The increase in finance expenditure goes along with a decrease of time and labour invested. This modern trend, as other developments in the material layout of the ritual too, seems to echo notions of western consumer culture and privatization without, however, abandoning the traditional patterns of hospitality and gift-giving. By this act a continuous stream of gifts is initiated that follows the bride and forms an important channel through which material goods move within society.
College, Jaipur, invited by Prof. Khangarot, addressed to the teachers of the college. The title was "Shastrapuja during the Dashahara Festival in Jaipur". Topic was one of the most important public royal rituals. It aims to introduce this grammar to students and scholars of linguistics and informatics and no prior knowledge of Sanskrit is required.
Read more Desikachar und bekannter Vertreter dieser Yoga-Tradition. Depictions of this journey became popular in nineteenth- and twentieth-century Nepal. They show the Buddha riding standing up on a snake while being attended by Hindu deities in service to him. The exhibited architectural drawings are pieces which were skilfully made by Newar draftsmen. The Newar people developed a unique city culture, including ritual buildings.
Gutschow began his research on their architecture in The exhibition will be opened with a talk by Prof. Oppitz, former curator of the Museum of Ethnology Zurich, will speak about drawing in ethnography "Zeichnen in der Ethnography". Niels Gutschow will present his recent publication in New York.
The launch of three volumes on "Architecture of the Newars" will take place at the Rubin Museum of Art on June 13 from 5 to 8 pm. Niels Gutschow published three volumes with the entire history of architecture in Kathmandu and its neighbors over a period of 1, years. Architecture of the Newars is a rare tribute to an urban culture that has preserved a fascinating lifestyle to this very day. Gutschow first travelled to Nepal in , returning in after reading architecture, and since then has constantly worked on the connections between ritual and the city.
The three volumes document the various building typologies with photos and drawings. The booklaunch will begin at 5 pm with a Himalayan Happy Hour in presence of the author. After a Newar art tour in the galleries at 6 pm, Prof. Gutschow will give a talk at pm.
CIPSS/CIPS Graduate Student Conference
Subsequently, the author will sign the book. Axel Michaels and Dr. Manik Bajracharya and a following reception on the occasion of the two anniversaries. On 1 - 2 March PD Dr. Oliver Hellwig. Conference Website Talks within the sektion "Linguistics". Talk by Anand Mishra, M.