Did household consumption patterns change? The power of systematic regional surface collections can be brought to bear to examine these and other diachronic questions. Current research in the project focuses on a synthesis of primary settlement pattern data to examine the governance principles suggested by the major buildings and their arrangements at centers.
Settlement data point to a degree of unraveling of traditional layout arrangements and separation of some palatial monumental platforms from the civic-ceremonial centers during the Late Classic period, a possible signal of the growing importance of elite estates. The cotton industry provided a valuable product for export, and analysis is underway to examine the spatial and social patterning of the cotton industry by studying ceramic spindle whorls used in spinning cotton thread textiles are not preserved.
A systematic examination of the figurine corpus is planned, in hopes of better understanding household and civic-ceremonial rituals. In the near future, the ceramic chronology will be reexamined to accompany publication of the ceramic classification. Numerous opportunities for collaborative research continue, as exemplified in project publications. The publications present results of methodological analysis of the survey methods, evaluation of ceramic styles and chronology, studies of craft specialization in diverse industries, evaluation of the interaction or incorporation of the region in expansive highland states, and the case for the collapse of the Classic period complex societies.
Arnold, Philip J. Stark Gulf Lowland Settlement in Perspective. Stark and Philip J. Arnold, III, pp. University of Arizona Press, Tucson. Chance, John K. Curet, L.
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Journal of Field Archaeology Antonio, Barbara L. Ancient Mesoamerica Garraty, Christopher P. Latin American Antiquity Garraty, Christopher, and Barbara L. Latin American Antiquity 13 1 Hall, Barbara A. Latin American Antiquity 5 1 Mexicon XXII Heller, Lynette, and Barbara L. Mexicon 20 6 : Figures reprinted in , Mexicon 2 1 : unnumbered page following page Skoglund, Thanet, Barbara L.
Stark, Hector Neff, and Michael D.
Stark, Barbara L. In Research in Economic Anthropology, vol. Isaac, pp. JAI Press, Inc. Greenwich, CT. Consejo de Arqueologia, Boletin, , pp. Westview Press. Boulder, Colorado.
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Arqueologia Mexicana Universidad Veracruzana, Jalapa. Rattray, pp. Skibo and Gary M.
Feinman, pp. Grove and Rosemary A. Joyce, pp. Clark and Mary Pye, pp. Studies in the History of Art National Gallery of Art, Washington, D. Webster, pp.
Publications – Environmental Archaeology
Webster, En: Investigadores de la Cultura Maya 11, vol. XII Encuentro Internacional. Gaines, edited by Jeffrey L.
Hantman and Rachel Most, pp. Scarborough and John E. Clark, pp. He has had many field projects in Mexico, Guatemala, and Honduras. Areas of topical interest include cultural evolution, particularly the origin of complex societies; cultural and political ecology; prehistoric warfare, settlement patterns, household archaeology, demographic reconstructions, and the origins of agriculture. In Professor Webster completed four seasons of settlement surveys and household excavations around the Classic Maya site of Piedras Negras, in northwestern Guatemala, and in turned his attention again to examining archaeological evidence of ancient Maya warfare.
Webster, along with his late colleague William T.
This project, completed in , was designed as a telecourse and its main component is a 8-part 8 hour instructional television series. This series, along with its associated textbook and ancillary course material, has been since widely used in classrooms and is repeatedly shown on television. Fieldwork was completed in A second phase of the project, also supported by NSF, was completed in and is reported in:. The Tikal Earthworks Revisited. Journal of Field Archaeology 32 1 : Most recently Webster has returned to his early interest in agricultural origins.
As a graduate student Webster worked in several parts of the world, including Turkey and Yugoslavia. One of his early interests was the origins of agriculture, and he spent two field seasons in Turkey working at the Neolihic site of Cayonu with Robert Braidwood. Webster later turned his attention to Mesoamerica and ancient warfare.
He continued this kind of research between and at Piedras Negras, Guatemala, and most recently returned to one of his early interests — warfare — when supervised an NSF field project at Tikal, Guatemala, between Abstract: This book presents a summary of more than a century of work at the Classic Maya Copan kingdom. It reviews the findings of many different projects, but particularly focuses on regional settlement reconstruction, demography, and agricultural history as revealed by a series of Penn State or Penn State related projects that began in There is a strong emphasis on research design and methodology, with much specific information on political history and processes, isotopic studies of paleonutrition, paleodemographic reconstructions, palynology, household archaeology, the application and implications of AMS radiocarbon and obsidian hydration methods, warfare, trade and exchange, and the Maya collapse.