Your Digital Camera: Beginners Handbook For DSLR Photography, Basics, Tips and Tricks

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The pictures were taken only seconds apart. The difference? The picture on the right was taken using manual exposure. The only difference between these two pictures is that one was shot with automatic exposure, and the other was shot using creative exposure. Which photo do you prefer? Probably the picture on the right! By choosing a creatively dark exposure, the rich colors in the sunset were allowed to shine through.

Before You Snap The Shot

To me, the photo was not about exposing the bird properly, but exposing the sunset properly. The bird was just a nice shape to include in the foreground. Now that you understand why it is so important to take control over the exposure, let's move on to lesson 2 where we'll learn all about shutter, aperture and ISO —which are the tools you need to control the exposure. Keep reading for the next 10 or 15 minutes and you'll already understand the basics of how to shoot in manual mode on your camera. I promise shooting in manual mode isn't nearly as scary as you might think. It's a series of 22 video tutorials where I walk you step-by-step through the things that it normally takes my photography students two years to learn.

Go to Page 2 of the Tutorial. Hi, I have a nikon d camera, would it be possible to photo a scene similar to the one using a creative exposure, and if so, could you please point me in the right direction.

How to Save Instagram Photos in Under 60 Seconds

It would have been helpful to show the settings to the photo on the left,? Regards Cyril. Once u do that the put a piece of gray paper to the front of the camera and BAM. Dial it to the negative for less light or positive for more.

Hi Cyril, I think the scene on the left is shot in fully automatic mode, against the sun light. So, the exposure is automatically done based on the Sun which is many times brighter than the other objects , thus the entire schen is over-lightened. Of cource NEF is compulsury, because it gives you more possibilities to adjust the under- or over- exposed shot into something good. Nikon d which is really great for the money it costs.

Thanx Alex for your reply great we are on the same wavelength regarding nikon D camera,very pleased with it so far, I have a lot to learn. Thanks for sharing these great ideas about photography. This is really very informative and helpful for me. Thanks for the cheat sheet. Have been trying to put one together for myself to carry, you saved me so much work. Love this site.

It saves me a lot of time and simplifies the thought process about what settings to use, etc. Using a faster speed means the image will be darker.

If you would like to lighten the image, use a slower shutter speed. However, a faster shutter speed will catch a frame of movement.

For example, if you want to capture a still of someone running, you will want a faster shutter speed. The ISO is a control within the camera that will affect the exposure. A high ISO will yield a brighter image, but it could also create a grainier, or noisy, image. For example, setting your camera to ISO will lighten the image and make it noisier. If you are using ISO , the images will be sharper and darker.

20 Essential Photography Tips for Beginners

It will help when you are light metering your image. On SLR cameras, there are creative modes that give you slight control over a few of the settings. The two common ones that photographers use are shutter priority and aperture priority. Shutter priority means you have control over the shutter speed and ISO whereas aperture priority gives you control over aperture and ISO. The camera will adjust the aperture and shutter speed, respectively, for the best exposure. After you have input your settings, your light meter will indicate what adjustments you will need to make before taking your shot.

The light meter is a tool used to gauge your manual settings. It also indicates that your image should be well-balanced. If your light meter reads negative, it means the image will be underexposed, or too dark. A light meter that reads positive will mean the image will be overexposed, or too light. You can adjust the different settings on your camera to pull the meter to zero. When you are ready to shoot in manual mode, here is one way to go through your settings.

Choose the ISO that would best work for your lighting conditions. If you are in a darker space or indoors, choose a higher ISO. Second, decide if depth of field or motion is more important. If you choose depth of field, you will need to adjust your aperture before you compensate with the appropriate shutter speed; vice versa for motion. Make slight adjustments based on the results. There are a couple of tricks to use when trying to find the right balance for an image. For a medium level of ISO sensitivity, the shutter speed and aperture can be in the middle also. However, if you use a high ISO sensitivity, a faster shutter speed means you should make your aperture larger low f-stop and a slow shutter speed means you should make your aperture smaller high f-stop.

Get an external light source or schedule your photoshoot for the right time. Keep an eye out for composition. Photo composition, or the arrangement of visual elements, is key to telling your whole story. Keep your batteries charged. Nothing puts a stop to a photoshoot faster than dead batteries. Plan out your depth of field. How far away is your subject? Is you subject clear and in focus? These questions all have to deal with your depth of focus. Watch for the golden hour. The Golden hour is the time when natural light is diffused and even. This time occurs in the two hours after sunrise or two hours before sunset.

Stick to the rule of thirds.

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The rule of thirds will help you compose your photo so that nothing is dead center or framed in a visually boring way. Keep your subject or composition filling two of three grid lines for this trick. Experiment with filters. Filters can help you take your photo and make it something special. Check out our resource on the best photo filter apps for more information. Learn how to work with motion. Read our guide on how to take action photos for help with this. Edit your photos. After your photoshoot make sure to take the time to edit your favorite photos.

Often this will be the step that makes them outstanding finished projects. Look to our guide on best photo editing apps for help. Keep your photos organized. Our digital scrapbooking tips will help make sure nothing is ever lost. Sometimes a new angle is all you need to make your photograph instantly better. Try micro or macro photography. Appreciate the little things in life, and photography. Nothing weighs you down in your efforts like weight.

Seriously ask yourself before setting out if you need that third lens or heavyweight tripod. Plan ahead. Read more about this and other travel photography tips from our hub. Portrait Photography Tips Be aware of your background. Nothing ruins a planned portrait photoshoot quicker than someone putting up bunny ears in the background.