The best part was the subway ride. This is one of the things I miss most today. Your cup was brought extra. Black and gold and "Versace". Just a little eccentric. Down to earth, however their best experiences in her native city: "On New Year's morning at 6 clock from a pub with my friends to come, the sun rises and we go eat scrambled eggs with ketchup.
This is New York! Or a slice of pizza from the plastic bag. It is found nowhere else. If someone is standing with a pizza in a fancy white box on the street with a napkin and dabbing the grease, you know immediately: He's not from here ". Where you meet Lady Gaga in New York? In the in-club partying? In the corner stands a jukebox and it smells like there's always a little pee. Here I feel good! And even if Lady Gaga "is a gypsy with a bag full of couture clothes" - New York remains her home.
City noise? Lady Gaga is a sound concert. The humming of the car, the squeal of the subway, the clicking of my heels when I walk down the street - these sounds are magical. New Yorkers do not say: Look who's here! But: Hey beautiful, that you're good to be home! That is why they will never forget the day that left expose the heartbeat of the city. I was sitting in history class in school. The towers collapsed and the black smoke drifted over to us. The attack has left a deep scar. But: New York 's only gotten stronger.
For visitors to Gaga's, for ALL. You'll grow up fast in this city. And you need it. Sign In Don't have an account? Start a Wiki. BILD is a German magazine. Contents [ show ]. Diese Frau ist eine Lady. Diese Frau ist gaga. Wie war es, die Kindheit in New York zu verbringen?
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Luke's at Mount Sinai St. Stacy Atchison. Show More. No Downloads. Views Total views. Actions Shares. Embeds 0 No embeds. No notes for slide. German 4 1 1. Gehen wir! I'm from Wo wohnen Sie? Wie alt sind Sie? Sprechen Sie deutsch? Verstehen Sie? Kann ich Ihnen helfen? Pardon me? Es gibt Was ist los? Das macht nichts. Das ist mir egal. Keine Angst! Ich habe es vergessen. Jetzt muss ich gehen. Ich habe Langeweile. Sei ruhig!
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Schauen Sie mal! Was darf's sein? What can I get you? Sonst noch etwas? Anything else? Here you go. The check, please! Stimmt so. Keep the change. Ich bin satt. I'm full. Mir ist schlecht. I feel sick. Es tut mir weh. It hurts. Ich liebe dich.
I miss you. Everything is fine. How about? What kind of a? Nicht wahr? If you are speaking a southern dialect, then it is more like ish. There is no equivalent sound in English. In standard German, it is somewhere between ish and ikh. Technically, it is a voiceless palatal fricative and its voiced counterpart is the y sound in yes.
Notice that the pronunciation of the German r changes according to the location in the countries that speak German, i. However, the spelling does not reflect the pronunciation. Stress Stress generally falls on the first syllable of the word, except in words borrowed from other languages, where the stress falls on the last syllable especially with French words. However, this letter is only used after long vowels or diphthongs, and it is not used at all in Switzerland.
There really isn't a lot of logic to which nouns are which gender, so you must memorize the gender of each noun. Male persons or animals, the seasons, months, and days are all masculine, as are nouns ending in -ant, -ast, -ich, -ig, -ismus, -ling, -or and -us. Young persons or animals, metals, chemical elements, letters of the alphabet, hotels, restaurants, cinemas, continents, countries and provinces are all neuter, as are nouns that end in -chen, -icht, -il, -it, -lein, -ma, -ment, -tel, -tum, and -um.
All nouns in German are capitalized in writing.
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All nouns as well as pronouns and adjectives have a case depending on what function they serve in the sentence. These may seem strange, but remember that English uses cases also; however, we would say direct object instead of accusative, or indirect object instead of dative. Although these cases may make learning new words difficult, they actually help with word order because the position of words in a sentence is not as fixed in German as it is in English.
And the reason for that is because words can occur in these four cases: Nominative subject of the sentence The girl is reading. Accusative direct objects We see the mountain. I bought a gift. Dative indirect objects We talk to the guide. I gave my mom a gift. Genitive indicates possession or relationship The book of the girl. The dog's tail. The nouns you look up in a dictionary will be in the nominative case.
Dort or da may accompany the definite articles for emphasis. Das is also a universal demonstrative and therefore shows no agreement. Notice the last letter of each of the words above. They correspond to the last letters of the words for the definite articles. Words that are formed this same way are called der-words because they follow the pattern of the der-die-das declension.
Other der-words are: jeder-every, and welcher-which. Mancher many and solcher such are also der-words, but they are used almost always in the plural. When referring to nouns as it, you use er for masculine nouns, sie for feminine nouns and es for neuter nouns.
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However, the definite articles der, die and das can be substituted for er, sie and es to show more emphasis. Haben is frequently used in expressions that would normally take to be in English. Ich habe Hunger. Ich hatte Durst. Ich hatte Heimweh. Ich habe Angst. In everyday speech, the final -e on the ich conjugations can be dropped: ich hab' or hab' ich 8. The use of commas and periods is switched in German, though a space is commonly used to separate thousandths, i. When saying telephone numbers, you can either say each number individually or group them in twos.
Wann sind Sie geboren? When were you born? Ich bin in geboren. I was born in Add an -s to the day to express "on Mondays, Tuesdays, etc.
Wann hast du Geburtstag? When is your birthday? Mein Geburtstag ist im Mai. My birthday is in May. However, not all adjectives agree, such as colors ending in -a or -e; nor do they agree when they are used as predicate adjectives. To say that a color is light, put hell- before it, and to say that a color is dark, put dunkel- before it. Das Viereck ist braun. The square is brown. Das Rechteck ist hellblau. The rectange is light blue.
Es ist genau Um 8 Uhr. Wie ist das Wetter heute? Es sieht nach Regen aus. Notice that sometimes an umlaut is placed over the main vowel of the word in the plural. For step- and -in-law relations, just add Stief- or Schwieger-before the main person, except in the case of brother-in-law and sister-in-law noted above.
The plurals follow the pattern for the main person, i. You must use the subject pronouns ich, du, er However, here are some rules that can help: 1. Feminine nouns usually add -n or -en. Nouns that end in -in such as the female equivalents of masculine nouns add -nen. Masculine and neuter nouns usually add -e or -er.
Many masculine plural nouns ending in -e add an umlaut as well, but neuter plural nouns ending in -e don't. Plurals that end in -er add an umlaut when the stem vowel is a, o , u or au. Masculine and neuter singular nouns that end in -er either add an umlaut or change nothing at all. Many nouns with a stem vowel of a, o, u or au add an umlaut. Masculine and neuter singular nouns that end in -el also add nothing at all with three exceptions: Pantoffel, Stachel, Muskel.
Nouns that end in a vowel other than an unstressed -e and nouns of foreign origin add -s. Here are the accusative forms of the definite and indefinite articles. Note that only the masculine changes in this case. Definite and Indefinite Articles Masc. And wen whom is the accusative of wer who.
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Take, for example, the following sentences: Ich esse den Apfel translates into I eat the apple. In German, you can switch the word order around without affecting the meaning. Den Apfel esse ich is also I eat the apple, but in English, if you were to change word order, you would have to say the apple eats me. English does not accommodate for the direct object to be placed before the subject and verb like German does. Usually, word order reflects subjective focus: the noun having the speakers focus is usually put as much as possible towards the beginning of a sentence. The dative case corresponds to indirect objects.
Usually in English, we use the words to or for to indicate an indirect object. But German relies on the endings of the dative case. Here are the dative forms of the definite and indefinite articles. Neuter Plural Definite dem der dem den Indefinite einem einer einem keinen Those same masculine nouns that added an - e n in the accusative form also add an - e n in the dative form.
And all plural nouns add an - e n in the dative plural, unless they already end in an -n or -s. Personal Pronouns mir me uns us dir you euch you ihm him ihnen they ihr her Ihnen you ihm it In sentences with both a direct and indirect object, the noun in the dative case precedes the accusative noun, unless the accusative case is a pronoun.
Ich schenke meinem Bruder eine Krawatte. I give to my brother a tie. Ich schenke sie meinem Bruder. I give it to my brother. When speaking, most people use von of plus the dative case to show possession. For proper nouns, German only adds an -s to the noun, whereas English would add an apostrophe and an -s. Feminine and Plural nouns do not change in the Genitive case.
Masculine and Neuter nouns add an -s if the word is more than one syllable, or an -es if the word is one syllable. Except the weak masculine nouns that added - e n in the accusative and dative; they also add - e n in the genitive. There are some irregular nouns that add -s after -en in the genitive case as well, for example der Name becomes des Namens and das Herz becomes des Herzens.
Plural Definite des der des der Indefinite eines einer eines keiner Also, German does not use articles before professions. You would only say Ich bin Kellner if you mean I am a waiter. Was sind Sie von Beruf? What do you do for a living? Ich bin Arzt. I'm a doctor male. In Austria, this final exam is called die Matura.
The verb studieren is used for university study or to state your major. The verb lernen should be used for studying in general, and especially for learning a language. Er studiert in Freiburg. He studies goes to university in Freiburg. I study French in college. Ich lerne Spanisch und Italienisch. The dative form indicates position and location and answers the question where?
For example: In die Schule means to school and uses the accusative form because it is a direction. In der Schule means in school and uses the dative form because it is a location. But one exception is zu Hause - at home dat. He hangs the picture over the sofa. The picture hangs over the sofa. Stell es unter den Tisch.
Put it under the table. Es ist unter dem Tisch. It is under the table. Fahren Sie den Wagen hinter das Haus. Drive the car behind the house. Der Wagen steht hinter dem Haus. The car is behind the house. Put the bottles in front of the door. The bottles are in front of the door. Stell es auf den Tisch.
Put it on the table. Es liegt auf dem Tisch. It's lying on the table. Schreib es an die Tafel. Write it on the board. Es steht an der Tafel. It is on the board. He goes into the kitchen. He is in the kitchen. Stellen Sie es neben das Haus. Put it beside the house. Es ist neben dem Haus. It is beside the house. Stell die Lampe zwischen das Sofa und den Tisch.
Put the lamp between the sofa and the table. Die Lampe steht zwischen dem Sofa und dem Tisch. The lamp is between the sofa and the table. Stellen, legen and setzen use the accusative case, while stehen, liegen and sitzen use the dative case. Africa Afrika Ireland Irland Kein is used to negate nouns that either have no articles or are preceded by the indefinite article. Kein precedes the nouns in sentences.
It is declined as an ein-word. Ist das eine Katze? Is that a cat? Nein, das ist keine Katze. No, that's not a cat. Nicht negates nouns preceded by a definite article or a possessive adjective; or it could negate any part verb, noun, adjective or all of a sentence. Nicht always follows the verb, but usually precedes the part of the sentence to be negated. It you want to negate an entire sentence, nicht comes last. Nicht also follows expressions of time. Das ist meine Frau. That's my wife. Das ist nicht meine Frau.
That's not my wife. Heute ist es kalt. It is cold today. Heute ist es nicht kalt. It is not cold today. Ich fliege in die Schweiz. I'm flying to Switzerland.
Ich fliege nach Deutschland. I'm flying to Germany. And when aus is used with feminine or plural countries, the definite article must also be used. Ich bin aus den USA. I am from the US. Ich bin aus Frankreich. I am from France. They express an attitude about an action or condition described by the main verb. The modal auxiliary is conjugated and placed in the The main verb is in the infinitive form and placed at the end of the clause or sentence. Ich kann eine Fahrkarte kaufen. I can buy a ticket. Kann is the conjugated auxiliary verb and kaufen is the main verb in infinitive form.
Du darfst es nicht machen is you must not or are not allowed to do it. Sometimes the infinitive is not required with modal verbs, if the meaning is clear enough without them. Ich kann Spanisch. Er will nach Hause. He wants to go home. English only has two regular conjugations in the present tense, no ending and -s ending I, you, we, they run vs. To form regular verbs in German, remove the -en ending and add these endings: -e -en -st -t All three of these tenses are translated as one tense in German ich laufe.
However, you can add gerade after the verb to indicate the progressive form. Ich mache meine Hausaufgaben can be translated as I do my homework or I'm doing my homework. Ich mache gerade meine Hausaufgaben is translated as I'm doing my homework. In other words, whoever is speaking is doing an action to himself. Examples in English would be: I wash myself, he hurts himself, we hate ourselves. Usually the -self words are a clue in English; however, there are more reflexive verbs in German than in English. Reflexive Pronouns Accusative Dative mich uns mir uns dich euch dir euch sich sich sich sich The reflexive pronoun follows the verb and agrees with the subject.
When a clause contains another object besides the reflexive pronoun, then the reflexive pronoun is in the dative case since the other object is in the accusative case. This is when you use the dative reflexive pronouns instead of the accusative ones. Dative: Ich ziehe mir den Mantel aus - I'm taking off my coat.
Also note that parts of the body and articles of clothing use the definite article, not a possessive. Sehen-to see sehe sehen siehst seht sieht sehen Examples: lesen- to read, befehlen-to command, empfehlen-to recommend, geschehen-to happen, stehlen-to steal 3 Some verbs change the e to an i in the 2nd and 3rd person singular. Reden-to speak Sitzen-to sit sitze sitzen sitzt sitzt sitzt sitzen 6 Infinitives ending in -n not -en only have -n ending for wir and sie forms.
Infinitive stems ending in -el or -er can drop the e in the ich form. Kommen is to come, but ankommen is to arrive.
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When conjugated, the prefix goes to the end of the sentence. Ich will jetzt ausgehen means "I want to go out now. The inseparable prefixes are unstressed syllables, as compared to the separable prefixes which can stand alone as different words. When prefixes are stressed, they are separable; when they are not stressed, they are inseparable.
Regular verbs use a form of haben or sein and a past participle. Past participles are made by adding ge- to the beginning of the verb stem and -t or -et, if stem ends in -t or -d to the end. Fragen is to ask, and -frag- is the stem; therefore gefragt is the past participle. Arbeiten is to work, and -arbeit- is the stem; therefore gearbeitet is the past participle. Verbs ending in -ieren only add the -t ending. Studieren is to study and studier- is the stem, so studiert is the past participle.