Universe and us in 30 minutes: A romantic history (Knowledge & Inspiration in 30 minutes)

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An influence on early Superman stories is the context of the Great Depression. Superman took on the role of social activist, fighting crooked businessmen and politicians and demolishing run-down tenements. Scott Bukatman has discussed Superman, and the superhero in general, noting the ways in which they humanize large urban areas through their use of the space, especially in Superman's ability to soar over the large skyscrapers of Metropolis. He writes that the character "represented, in , a kind of Corbusierian ideal. Superman has X-ray vision: walls become permeable, transparent.

Through his benign, controlled authority, Superman renders the city open, modernist and democratic; he furthers a sense that Le Corbusier described in , namely, that 'Everything is known to us'. Jules Feiffer has argued that Superman's real innovation lay in the creation of the Clark Kent persona, noting that what "made Superman extraordinary was his point of origin: Clark Kent. Joe and I had certain inhibitions That's where the dual-identity concept came from" and Shuster supporting that as being "why so many people could relate to it". Ian Gordon suggests that the many incarnations of Superman across media use nostalgia to link the character to an ideology of the American Way.

He defines this ideology as a means of associating individualism, consumerism, and democracy and as something that took shape around WWII and underpinned the war effort. Superman he notes was very much part of that effort. Superman is considered the prototypical superhero. He established the major conventions of the archetype: a selfless, prosocial mission; extraordinary, perhaps superhuman, abilities; a secret identity and codename; and a colorful costume that expresses his nature.

Superman's immigrant status is a key aspect of his appeal. The extraterrestrial origin was seen by Regalado as challenging the notion that Anglo-Saxon ancestry was the source of all might. Through the use of a dual identity, Superman allowed immigrants to identify with both of their cultures. Clark Kent represents the assimilated individual, allowing Superman to express the immigrants' cultural heritage for the greater good. He argues that Superman's early stories portray a threat: "the possibility that the exile would overwhelm the country.

Some see Judaic themes in Superman. For example, Moses as a baby was sent away by his parents in a reed basket to escape death and adopted by a foreign culture. Gabriel , Ariel , who are airborne humanoid agents of good with superhuman powers. Superman stories have occasionally exhibited Christian themes as well. Screenwriter Tom Mankiewicz consciously made Superman an allegory for Christ in the movie starring Christopher Reeve : baby Kal-El's ship resembles the Star of Bethlehem , and Jor-El gives his son a messianic mission to lead humanity into a brighter future.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the superhero. For other uses, see Superman disambiguation. Fictional superhero. Kryptonopolis Krypton Smallville Earth. See list. Jerry Siegel , writer. Joe Shuster , illustrator. See also: Publication history of Superman and Superman franchise. See also: List of Superman comics. See also: Superman comic strip. Main article: Superman franchise.

Main article: List of Superman video games. Main article: Copyright lawsuits by Superman's creators. See also: National Comics Publications v. Fawcett Publications. More powerful than a locomotive! Able to leap tall buildings at a single bound! Up in the sky! Superman — defender of law and order. See also: Superman character and cast and List of Superman supporting characters. Main article: List of Superman enemies. Main article: Alternative versions of Superman.

See also: Superman in popular music. Comics portal Speculative fiction portal Superhero fiction portal. Jerry Siegel always referred to this publisher as "Consolidated" in all interviews and memoirs. Humor Publishing was possibly a subsidiary of Consolidated. On September 30, , these two companies merged to become National Comics Publications. In , the company changed its name to National Periodical Publications. Since , the publisher had placed a logo with the initials "DC" on all its magazine covers, and consequently "DC Comics" became an informal name for the publisher.

Because the copyright to Action Comics 1 was in its renewal term on October 27, the date the Copyright Term Extension Act became effective , its copyright will expire 95 years after first publication. See Catalog of Copyright Entries. United States Library of Congress. Retrieved July 30, January Summarized in Ricca , pp. Creation of a Superhero unpublished memoir, written c.

Something more terrific than the other adventure strips on the market! He gained fantastic strength, bullets bounced off him, etc. He fought crime with the fury of an outraged avenger. I understand that the comic strip Dr. Fu Manchu ran into all sorts of difficulties because the main character was a villain. And with the example before us of Tarzan and other action heroes of fiction who were very successful, mainly because people admired them and looked up to them, it seemed the sensible thing to do to make The Superman a hero.

The first piece was a short story, and that's one thing; but creating a successful comic strip with a character you'll hope will continue for many years, it would definitely be going in the wrong direction to make him a villain. He was simply wearing a T-shirt and pants; he was more like Slam Bradley than anything else — just a man of action. We don't specifically recall if the character had a costume or not. Detective Dan was little more than a Dick Tracy clone, but here, for the first time, in a series of black-and-white illustrations, was a comic magazine with an original character appearing in all-new stories.

This was a dramatic departure from other comic magazines, which simply reprinted panels from the Sunday newspaper comic strips. Livingston in his hotel room, and he was favorably impressed. The Superman". Comic Book Marketplace. Gemstone Publishing Inc. Allen St. John, and even Bernie Schmittke [ At my request, he gave me as a gift the torn cover. We continued collaborating on other projects. Tye argues that the account from the memoir is the truth, and that Shuster lied in the interview to avoid tension.

See also Creation of a Superhero unpublished memoir by Jerry Siegel, written c. He did not send me a copy of it. Entertainment, Inc. He stated that in his opinion "Superman" was already a tremendous hit, and that he would be glad to collaborate with me on "Superman". Compilation available at Dropbox. He wrote that he was completely withdrawing from any participation at all in the "Superman" comic strip and that as far as he was concerned: "the book is closed". Unhappily, I destroyed the letter. I did that, because that was my concept from what he described, but he did inspire me [ They occasionally claimed to have developed it immediately in Daniels writes: " Siegel's collaboration with Russell Keaton in contains no description nor illustration of Superman in costume.

Tye writes that Siegel and Shuster developed the costume shortly after they resumed working together in late See Ricca , p. Our experience with him had been such that we did not consider him the publisher to entrust with the property and his proposal was rejected. National Comics Publications Inc. Memoir additionally cited by Ricca , p. Archived from the original on December 21, Retrieved December 20, — via Scribd. Note: Archive of p. This was a three-way call between Gaines, Liebowitz and myself.

Gaines informed me that the syndicate was unable to use the various strips which I had sent for inclusion in the proposed syndicate newspaper tabloid. He asked my permission to turn these features, including "Superman", over to Detective Comics' publishers for consideration for their proposed new magazine, "Action Comics". I consented. The Life and Times of Jerry Siegel unpublished memoir, written c. The Saturday Evening Post. Archived PDF from the original on September 13, They knew that was how the business worked - that's how they'd sold every creation from Henri Duval to Slam Bradley.

Carter was able to leap great distances because the planet Mars was smaller that [sic] the planet Earth; and he had great strength. I visualized the planet Krypton as a huge planet, much larger than Earth; so whoever came to Earth from that planet would be able to leap great distances and lift great weights. It influenced me, too. Science Fiction Studies. Archived from the original on April 3, Retrieved December 6, I was inspired by the movies.

In the silent films, my hero was Douglas Fairbanks Senior, who was very agile and athletic. So I think he might have been an inspiration to us, even in his attitude. He had a stance which I often used in drawing Superman. You'll see in many of his roles—including Robin Hood—that he always stood with his hands on his hips and his feet spread apart, laughing—taking nothing seriously. I did also see The Scarlet Pimpernel but didn't care much for it.

In addition, it would, in a comic strip, permit some humorous characterization. Event occurs at Archived from the original on December 28, What if I had something special going for me, like jumping over buildings or throwing cars around or something like that? Then maybe they would notice me. I was so skinny; I went in for weight-lifting and athletics. I used to get all the body-building magazines from the second-hand stores — and read them In the third version Superman wore sandals laced halfway up the calf. You can still see this on the cover of Action 1, though they were covered over in red to look like boots when the comic was printed.

Joe just squinted the eyes like his idol Roy Crane [did with his characters] and added a Dick Tracy smile. August Coronado, California: Gemstone Publishing. Its usage was almost always preceded by "a. Wonder Stories. The Times. The Independent. March 30, Archived from the original on April 2, Retrieved March 30, The Beat. In , the first year in which sales data was made public, Superman was selling more comic books than any other title or character, and he stayed on top through much of the decade. September 29, Retrieved July 8, A mere decade later, in , the average age of comic book readers was The Comics Journal.

Archived from the original on May 29, Retrieved March 1, Jerry Siegel had his hands — and typewriter — full, turning out stories for the comic books and the daily newspaper strips which had completely separate continuities from the Sundays. Archived from the original on October 8, Retrieved March 2, Archived from the original on June 30, Archived from the original on March 26, Retrieved February 28, Having Superman's story play out across different venues presented a challenge for Jerry [Siegel] and the writers who came after him: Each installment needed to seem original yet part of a whole, stylistically and narratively.

Their solution, at the beginning, was to wing it Not only did editors tell Jerry to cut out the guns and knives and cut back on social crusading, they started calling the shots on minute details of script and drawing. Henceforth, Superman would be forbidden to use his powers to kill anyone, even a villain.

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No alienating parents or teachers. Evil geniuses like the Ultra-Humanite were too otherworldly to give kids nightmares The Prankster, the Toyman, the Puzzler, and J. Wilbur Wolngham, a W. Fields lookalike, used tricks and gags instead of a bow and arrows in their bids to conquer Superman. For editors wary of controversy, s villains like those were a way to avoid the sharp edges of the real world.

That worked fine when all the books centered around Superman and all the writing was done by a small stable. Now the pool of writers had grown and there were eight different comic books with hundreds of Superman stories a year to worry about.

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There would eventually be encyclopedias, two in fact, but the first did not appear until All the plot complications were beguiling to devoted readers, who loved the challenge of keeping current, but to more casual fans they could be exhausting. There was none of what Mort would have called "touchy-feely" either, much as readers might have liked to know how Clark felt about his split personality, or whether Superman and Lois engaged in the battles between the sexes that were a hallmark of the era.

I want to get rid of all the robots that are used to get him out of situations. And I'm sick and tired of that stupid suit Clark Kent wears all the time. I want to give him more up-to-date clothes. And maybe the most important thing I want to do is take him out of the Daily Planet and put him into television. Most of them get their news on television, and I think it's high time after all these years. The corporate mind, ever focused on the bottom line of the balance sheet, favored bland "house styles" of rendering Superman was drawn in a more detailed, realistic style of illustration.

He also looked bigger and stronger. I made him taller—nine heads high—but kept his massive chest. Drawing Superman. Essay reprinted in Eury , pp. Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on August 26, Retrieved July 24, Moviebob Central. We offered the dream of everyman - to fly, to be super. Robert Maxwell hoped for an adult time slot, so he made Superman an adult show, with death scenes and rough violence. Stone Bridge Press. In Geraghty, Lincoln ed. Scarecrow Press.

Originally submitted as an exhibit in Jerome Siegel and Joseph Shuster vs. YouTube video. NerdSync Productions. Archived from the original on November 22, Retrieved May 21, Copyright date registered as 25 September Alter Ego. Two Morrows Publishing. Archived from the original on March 6, Retrieved March 27, The Adventures of Superman.

Per Ricca , p. Archived from the original on June 26, Archived from the original on March 22, Retrieved March 22, Decades of comic book mythology and a hit TV series have made Superman's hometown of Smallville, Kan. WebCitation archive. Superman the Unauthorized Biography. August 14, Archived from the original on August 28, In Dougall, Alastair ed. The DC Comics Encyclopedia. London : Dorling Kindersley.

Episode 2. February 14, There, in the sky! It's a man! It's not possible! Green Kryptonite introduced in this story. I know that a formula can possibly prove monotonous through repetition but I fear that if this element is removed from the story formula that makes up SUPERMAN, that this strip will lose a great part of its effectiveness. Yet we have learned to look beneath this diversity, to try to see the various particles and interactions as aspects of a simple unified gauge field theory.

The present universe is so cold that the symmetries among the different particles and interactions have been obscured by a kind of freezing; they are not manifest in ordinary phenomena, but have to be expressed mathematically, in our gauge field theories. That which we do now by mathematics was done in the very early universe by heat physical phenomena directly exhibited the essential simplicity of nature.

But no one was there to see it. Feb 24, Steve rated it really liked it. Weinberg wrote a short, serviceable volume on the earliest development of our universe. Because this work was published in , science has advanced, though I believe there remains much to be gleaned here for the casually curious.

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For example, the author makes no mention of dark matter nor dark energy, presumably because these concepts are of more recent provenance. Penzias and Wilson, who accidentally discovered the cosmic microwave radiation background, made a significant contribut Mr. Penzias and Wilson, who accidentally discovered the cosmic microwave radiation background, made a significant contribution to our understanding of the early universe, a point Mr. Weinberg highlights throughout this work. I am also left to consider the universe as both homogeneous and isotropic, meaning the universe appears the same no matter the vantage point or the direction.

Weinberg also raises the possibility of a state of infinite temperature and infinite density at the earliest moment of the universe's existence, a thought provoking set of conditions. Because Mr. Weinberg's tale strays off a bit too technically for me at times, I'll rate this work four stars. For the scientifically literate, I would expect this to rate a five.

Mar 02, Julie Spencer rated it really liked it Shelves: readers-book-shelf. What a fascinating journey I began last year whilst reading this book. It is not an easy read to the non-scientifically programmed mind. It has taken me until recently to finish, Wow! But, worth it. A friend had been talking to me about the subject of science and the earth, and how we came to be. My children had been asking, how was earth created? Then, I came across this book quite by chance and what a little wonder it is. My copy used to belong to a Lecturer at the University of Hull, they ga What a fascinating journey I began last year whilst reading this book.

My copy used to belong to a Lecturer at the University of Hull, they gave it to me. Thank you. I have studied a few books now which discuss quantum physics and electrons and this one by far showed its age. Brain matter can become more creative when tested, so I have heard. I find it fascinating that humanity can dedicate their lives to a subject that is purely theory, however it is in the fascination and passion for subjects that technology evolves and people adapt, and the earth continues to revolve.

It was on the final chapter and page that I read the final words and chuckled. After all of that intense reading, did I really, truly understand the comprehension of the first three minutes? Absolutely not! Give that brain matter a test, and try reading it for yourself. The first run through on this book was hard. Technical, detailed, dry. Second run through was better - started to absorb more, though, as before, the writing was largely over my head. A few highlights, and comments and questions: From the preface, Weinberg, reflecting on whether or not to write this book, says: "What could be more interesting than the problem of Genesis?

Also, it is in the early universe, especially the first hundredth of a second, that the problems of the theory of elementary pa The first run through on this book was hard. Also, it is in the early universe, especially the first hundredth of a second, that the problems of the theory of elementary particles come together with the problems of cosmology. Weinberg writes that "In the beginning there was an explosion. Not an explosion like those familiar on earth, starting from a definite center and spreading out to engulf more and more of the circumambient air, but an explosion which occurred simultaneously everywhere, filling all space from the beginning, with every particle of matter rushing apart from every other particle.

Neither possibility is easy to comprehend, but this will not get in our way; it matters hardly at all in the early universe whether space is finite or infinite. Is it pre-existing infinite? If not a definite center, what then is a singularity a term Weinberg does not use in this book? But that matter was a "kind very different from that of which our present universe is composed," and when the then universe approached "a moment of infinite density.

To these sorts of questions Weinberg says that "this leaves us unsatisfied. We naturally want to know what there was before this moment, before the universe began to expand and cool. Rather, the galaxies are moving apart because they were thrown apart by some sort of explosion in the past. Weinberg also discusses "escape velocities" for galaxies per Hubble's observation , suggesting the possibility of an infinite universe where galaxies escape the effects of gravitation and continue outward forever as opposed to a finite universe where gravitational contraction brings these galaxies back into the corral.

Of gravitational waves, Weinberg writes that "if some ill-advised giant were to wiggle the sun back and forth, we on earth would not feel the effect for eight minutes, the time required for a [gravitational] wave to travel at the speed of light from the sun to the earth. The effort to understand the universe is one of the very few things that lifts human life a little above the level of farce, and gives it some of the grace of tragedy. Feb 20, Rama rated it it was amazing Shelves: physics. A bang in the dawn: Physics of the origin of the universe This book in cosmology requires some knowledge in undergraduate level physics, where the author chronicles the very early history of the universe while describing the underlying physical concepts.

The LHC will create the conditions of less than a millionth of a second after Big A bang in the dawn: Physics of the origin of the universe This book in cosmology requires some knowledge in undergraduate level physics, where the author chronicles the very early history of the universe while describing the underlying physical concepts. The LHC will create the conditions of less than a millionth of a second after Big Bang when there was a hot soup of tiny particles called quarks and gluons.

Standard model of cosmology proposes that the universe is made of four natural physical forces; weak nuclear force, strong nuclear force, electromagnetic force and gravitational force. When the universe was 10 e seconds old the first moment of the universe , the temperature was about 10 e32 K, and all the four forces were in a unified manner. The author is one of the pioneers in this field of research and he theoretically proposed the existence of unified of weak and electromagnetic forces for which he was awarded Nobel Prize.

It is during the symmetry breaking epoch matter acquired the mass through Higgs Bosons. Between the first 10 e to 10 e seconds of the universe's birth, all the four forces were unified, but after 10 e seconds strong nuclear force separated and the universe went through an inflationary epoch sudden exponential expansion between 10 e and 10 e seconds.

Reheating of the universe between 10 e and 10 e seconds resulted in the production of hot quark-gluon plasma the basic building blocks of matter. Particle interactions in this phase were energetic enough to create large numbers of W bosons, Z bosons and Higgs bosons, which are most the fundamental forms of matter.

When the universe was about 10 e seconds, the production of W and Z bosons stopped. This was followed by the quark epoch, between 10 e to 10 e-6 seconds, the four natural forces took the form that is prevalent in the current universe. This was followed by the Hadron epoch, between one microsecond to one second, quarks started binding together to form hadrons protons and neutrons , which are held together by the strong force. One second after the big bang, the lepton epoch began when neutrinos stopped interacting with other forms of matter.

Leptons includes; the electron, the muon, the tauon tau particle , and the associated neutrinos electron neutrino, muon neutrino, and tau neutrino. Most leptons and anti-leptons were annihilated except for a small residue, and this was followed the photon epoch where photons dominated the universe. Nucelosynthesis of helium occurred during the first 3 to 20 minutes; after about , years after the Big Bang the temperature of the universe fell to the point where nuclei could combine with electrons to create neutral atoms. As a result, photons no longer interacted frequently with matter, the universe became transparent and the cosmic microwave background radiation was created.

During the very first minute, when the universe was in thermal equilibrium, the numbers and the distribution of all particles were determined statistically and not by prior history; cause - effect relationship did not exist. The universe probably started with equal number of protons and neutrons, and the conversion of neutrons to protons occurred through its interaction with; electrons, positrons, neutrinos and antineutrinos. Hydrogen and helium were produced in abundance prior to the evolution of galaxies and stars.

Stars evolved using hydrogen as a nuclear fuel to generate energy and their existence. The detection of background cosmic microwave radiation CMR in was one of the most important discoveries of 20th century. Chapter 6 gives a historical development that predicted the existence of CMR, a remnant of the big bang, and also history of cosmological theories of nucelosynthesis of heavier elements.

This book is widely read by both academics and others, and often quoted by clergy in their sermons. Recent advances in cosmology have rendered some information contained in this book obsolete. Nevertheless, this book is very well structured with useful glossary of physics terms and concepts, a mathematical supplement, and suggested books for more enthusiastic readers.

Sep 11, Pete daPixie rated it liked it Shelves: stardust. Marcus Chown's account of this subject matter is a better bet for the lay reader. Weinberg's account of the 'big bang', is a deeper dive into cosmology and particle physics, that I feel is more suited towards the student than the lay reader. However, this book is written in a style that can guide and carry the curious towards the frontiers of the sub atomic. Published in , I'm unaware and ignorant of any scientific advances of the past 30 years that could contradict the learned Professor's account of the birth of our universe.

He leans toward the 'open' universe, which I think is where the clever money still resides today. Where I get lost is when Weinberg runs down the road of antiparticles to the land of Baryons,Leptons,Hadrons and Muons, into the castle of King Quark and the court of Gauge theories and entropy.

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My brain hurts. Maybe I should go back to page one and re-read that Norse myth of Snorri Sturleson. Earth was not found, nor Heaven above, a Yawning gap there was, but grass nowhere. To the north and south of nothing lay regions of frost and fire, Niflheim and Muspelheim. The heat from Muspelheim melted some of the frost from Niflheim, and from the liquid dtops there grew a giant, Ymer'.

Yeah man For everyone who wants to get into the real deal of particle physics but without all the equations and integrals. It's a heavy paragraph, nearly every line is just the tip of huge mountain, Sometimes you have to go to wikipedia to know what Steven Weinberg is talking about. I become acquainted with this book through the publication of Bangladesh Astronomical Society and momentarily it took me on a continuous swirl.

From a categorical perspective it has also not escaped the arguments, but for general readers indeed it's a GEM. Feb 18, Rahell Omer rated it liked it. Jul 18, Charles rated it really liked it Shelves: nonfiction. I'm not a physicist but I thought this was a very useful introduction to the thinking in physics at the time. It's probably a bit dated now. I find it fairly clear reading and enjoyable. View all 6 comments. Nov 15, Xander rated it it was ok. Note: This list is massive. You can download it along with a bonus video, where I reveal my number one picks in both categories, here.

Plus, kids are the most motivated human beings on this planet. To make navigating this post super easy, you can jump right to any book that sparks your interest from the table of contents below. Summary: A young shepherd boy in Southern Spain has the same dream about a hidden treasure in Egypt, over and over again, which eventually leads him to investigate it.

He learns that one day, everyone finds out what their destiny is and that it requires passion and desire to make your destiny become a reality. Along the journey to find the treasure he meets new and strange people, some of which become his friends and touch his heart. Yet, the book uses such plain language, that anyone can understand it. I remember finishing it in very few sittings, over the course of which I started going to bed at 9 pm even though I was studying abroad in the US at the time, with 5 party animals as roommates , waking up at 5, watching the sunset, walking around in the nearby forest a lot, and beginning to think about what I really want out of life.

A lot. Curious fact: J. Rowling changed her mind about the title — twice. With luck, friends, bravery and skill he perseveres until the end, only to find he finally has to take responsibility not only for who he is, but also for the entire wizarding world. That said, the reason this book stands out to me among the series, is that it lets Harry go through a pivotal transformation.

In the first three books, he sort of stumbles into things, and, by looking out for himself, somehow ends up saving the day. This is a crucial part of seeing him succeed in all the tournament challenges, which, by the way, are much tougher than all of the things he faced in the three previous books combined. This is a book about the things in life worth fighting for , not only because Harry finds love for the first time, but also because things become deadly serious. The series has sold 80 million copies — just as many as the Pippi Longstocking books.

Summary: Pippi Longstocking is an estimated 9 years old though no one knows for sure , has superhuman strength, and lives in a rainbow-colored house with her monkey, Mr. Nilsson, and her horse Old Man. She never ceases to shock adults, but is living proof that you can make the world what you want it to be, without fitting any template the world would call normal. This is a Swedish book and much more widely known in Europe than overseas, so you might never have heard of Pippi and her stories. I especially loved the TV movies and series version as a kid, because it made me believe that anything is possible.

Title: Artemis Fowl. The battle between good and evil is not as black and white, as it seems, and starts to transcend the borders of fairies vs. To me it feels like mixing Wall Street, the s movie, with Lord of the Rings. Second, it grounds you , because above all, the book shows that Artemis is human, and therefore makes human mistakes.

Most importantly though, this book gives you one thing: hope. Title: The Adventures of Tom Sawyer. He then courts his classmate Becky, witnesses a murder with his best friend Huck, becomes a lonely pirate on an island, returns to start a treasure hunt and gets himself and his crush into serious danger. This book is another exercise in creative thinking.

The fence story is worth the price of the book alone, but this goes deeper. As the days go by and the narrator tries to fix his plane, the prince recounts stories from his travels and his former life on his own asteroid, which highlight and critique lots of elements of society, all the while showing the identity crisis many of us go through at some point, exactly because of those less-than-good parts of society.

Everything in-between fuels this message, while giving you many other insights along the way. Title: Measuring the World. The narrative perspective switches between the two, eventually having them meet and become long-term pen pals. One, much like Artemis Fowl , this shows you that even the greatest minds of our time make mistakes and have their quirks, so your own become less of an obstacle on your journey.

Second, it teaches you to always question your actions and that finding the best way is a constant process, which makes you fret less about adjusting and changing your mind. Nevertheless, both of them share a huge urge to figure out the world and make it a better place. Some of that spirit is bound to rub off on you. Do it the other way around.

So many elements and figures are shrouded in mystery, that it not only sparks your curiosity , but also makes you think hard about the skill level one needs to figure out such mysteries. Summary: Ebenezer Scrooge is rich beyond measure. Sadly, the only thing the old man is preoccupied with is turning money into more money, which leaves him roaming the streets alone, clenching his fists, yelling at workers, children and the less fortunate.

This never gets old.

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Would they congratulate you? Curious fact: This was one of the first commercially successful book series that spread digitally. By , Collins was the best-selling Kindle author of all time, with almost one third of the top highlights coming from her books. This instantly turns dark, as people seem to take inspiration in how Katniss broke the rules to make it possible for two people to win, instead of just one, and a rebellion dwells underneath the surface.

If anything, these books show you that life is short. Katniss and Peeta must fight for the ones they love, including each other, all the time. But fate sometimes throws more than one terrible blow, so when she ends up as a participant again, the stakes and her approach change. Curious fact: Cornelia Funke based Mo, one of the main characters of the book, on famous actor Brendan Fraser, whom she mailed a copy of the book, once it was established that a film would be produced. He eventually fell in love with the book himself and ended up taking the role of Mo in the movie.

Soon Meggie discovers that the perpetual presence of books in her life is no coincidence, as her father can make them come to life when reading out aloud. His past mistakes with this incredible ability slowly start to catch up with the family when the evil Capricorn Mo once freed resurfaces, bringing everyone into great danger. A book about books.

You have to read it, to grasp it. A mere three years later the book was already believed to be a classic. Today it continuously sells , copies a year and is part of many school curriculums including yours truly, I did a thorough analysis and presentation of the book in 12th grade.

When he visits his cousin Daisy and her husband Tom, he meets the attractive, but cynical Jordan Baker, and soon finds out that the lavish lifestyle they all lead comes at many a terrible price, including infidelity, depression, alcoholism and identity crises. The mysterious millionaire owner of the mansion next door, Jay Gatsby, soon invites Nick to one of his extravagant parties, which Jay himself never attends. When Nick discovers they all have a shared history of romance, including his cousin Daisy and Jay, he tries to help reunite two estranged lovers, which ends in disaster.

Second, this is contrasted by the insane wealth the characters have amassed, though some un-earned or attained with illegal measures. John Watson, starting off with them meeting via a mutual friend and deciding to share the flat at B Baker Street, in order to save money. When a Scotland Yard messenger arrives and requests help with a new murder case, Watson eventually persuades Holmes to investigate the crime scene and Holmes invites him to tag along.

As the two analyze and interpret the odds and ends of the murder, the plot thickens and a second murder takes place. Do I need to explain this? How can you not be inspired by Sherlock Holmes?