The emphasis is universal. Scripture says. These were the three sons of Noah, and from them came the people who were scattered over the earth Genesis This necessitates that all other human beings were destroyed in the Flood. Passages like Exodus are often used as support of a local Flood. There was hail with fire flashing continually in the midst of it, such heavy hail as had never fallen in all the land of Egypt since it became a nation Exodus The text mentions all the land of Egypt when clearly all of the land of Egypt was not in view.
Therefore, all does not mean everything. However, this passage actually supports a universal Flood. Though the text says all the land of Egypt it also clarifies that Goshen is excluded. Only in the land of Goshen, where the Israelites were, there was no hail Exodus This makes the statement unequivocal regarding the rest of the land of Egypt. There are no such statements in Genesis excluding any part of the earth or the people.
The assumption, therefore, should be that the Flood was universal. The Bible explains why God sent the Flood. The LORD saw that the wickedness of humankind was great in the earth, and that every inclination of the thoughts of their hearts was only evil continually. And the LORD was sorry that he had made humankind on the earth, and it grieved him to his heart.
So the LORD said, I will blot out from the earth the human beings I have created - people together with animals and creeping things and birds of the air, for I am sorry that I have made them. Genesis Only a universal Flood would accomplish this. A local Flood would not have destroyed all human life. Old Testament scholar Kenneth Matthews comments on this passage. This horrid paragraph is an expose of the degeneracy of the human heart. Collectively, society has decayed beyond recovery in God's estimation.
He himself brings sanctions against all humanity, including the mot vulnerable animals. The threat of extinction is not only inclusive of all living things but it is also geographically all-encompassing. Repeatedly, on the earth highlights the divine intervention to obliterate the living world he has created by his own voice and formed with his own hands Kenneth Matthew, Genesis , p.
Parallels To Creation Account We find a number of clear parallels between the creation account in Genesis 1 and the Flood story in Genesis Scholar Gordon Wenham explains the link. Thus this final paragraph of the second great section of Genesis introduces us to the theme of the section , the universal judgment from which Noah alone will be saved. The world is gong to be reduced to a watery chaos before a new start can be made. Gen could be described as the story of the old world, the world before the flood.
It begins with the creation of Adam, traces the multiplication of his descendants, and concludes with the total annihilation of every living creature. The linkage between the two events shows that the Flood should be understood, like creation, as a universal event. We find the following specific links between the creation and the Flood. Terminology The terminology of the Flood account reflects Genesis 1 particularly vss.
There is a deliberate attempt by the author to compare the two events. The Hebrew word for earth eretz is the same word found in Genesis which describes what God created. In Genesis it refers to the entire earth, it also does in Genesis Allen Ross writes. The parallels to the beginning of Genesis must not be missed. Noah was commissioned to be fruitful and multiply and replenish the earth, for he now was the new man of the earth. But then in the following unit Noah's failure was displayed in his lying naked, just as the knowledge of nakedness was evidence of the fall.
In both cases curses resulted from the failures. Thus there is a deliberate parallel between Adam and Noah and between Adam's world and Noah's world. Water Everywhere Scripture says that the water from the Flood was everywhere. This is similar to the state of the earth at creation where water submerged everything. After the Flood there was nothing remaining on the earth. This is similar to the earth at the beginning before God created anything.
God Saw Genesis can be compared to Genesis God saw how corrupt the earth had become, for all the people on earth had corrupted their ways Genesis And God saw that the earth was corrupt; for all flesh had corrupted its ways upon the earth Genesis In each case God looked down and saw the earth. This comparison of the Flood to the original creation gives further testimony of it being worldwide. God looked down and saw everything, not just one localized plot of land.
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God, in a sense, started over with Noah and his family. The waters of the Flood washed everything away that He had previously created. God had told Adam and Eve, some 1, years before, to be fruitful and multiply. Considering the longevity of early humans, as well as the normal rate of population growth, it has been calculated that there may have been several hundred million inhabitants of earth. We need not assume that they all lived in the Mesopotamian valley. Even if humanity were confined to this one area, the animals were not. Genesis says that the whole earth was filled with violence and needed to be destroyed.
Now the earth was corrupt in God's sight, and the earth was filled with violence. And God saw that the earth was corrupt; for all flesh had corrupted its ways upon the earth. And God said to Noah, I have determined to make an end of all flesh, for the earth is filled with violence because of them; now I am going to destroy them along with the earth Genesis This does not have a local sense. What we have is God's perspective, not Noah's. The idea of the Flood covering all the high hills is from God's perspective in heaven, not Noah's limited vantage point inside the ark.
There is nothing to suggest that merely local small mountains were being described, or that we should assume that the Flood was universal only in the sense of what Noah could see or was aware of. The description is God's, not Noah's. If the Flood was local, then God would have mislead the people about the extent of the Flood. The Need For An Ark If it were only a small Flood that was going to destroy a localized area, then Noah and his family could have simply moved to some dry area.
Why take the time and trouble to build an ark and round up all the animals? Why couldn't the animals be moved? Why couldn't the birds simply have flown away? Building such a huge ship when God gave them advanced warning of judgment does not make sense. Could Have Caused Them To Leave If there was going to be some unique species destroyed by the Flood, then God could have supernaturally caused them to leave the area just as He caused the pairs of animals to come to Noah. The ark, therefore, was unnecessary. Much Advanced Warning If Genesis refers to the time of advance warning, one hundred and twenty years, then Noah and his family could have gone anywhere upon the earth to escape the Flood.
Built To Save, Not Warn The idea that the ark was somehow necessary to give the evil people on the earth an advance warning of the coming judgment is not what the account says. The ark was built to save Noah and the animals, not to warn the people on the earth. The purpose of the ark was one of salvation, not one of warning. Example Of Sodom Furthermore, in the example of the destruction of Sodom, there was no warning the people. God entirely removed Lot and his family and then destroyed Sodom without warning.
No object lesson, such as the ark, was given. Why Save Animals? Furthermore, why save two of each animal if the Flood was limited? If the Flood was localized, then the animal population would not have all been wiped out. The ones left could reproduce and populate the earth. The fact that some animals would have had to have been domesticated over again is no reason to put all these animals in the ark. The dimensions of the ark four hundred and fifty feet by seventy-five feet by fifty feet, as the Bible gives them, would hold two of all the different types of animals that are known to exist.
If only the animals from Mesopotamia were on board, the ark would have been much smaller. It was not until the 19th century that another ship of the ark's dimensions was constructed. Why build such a big ark for a local Flood? A number of studies have been made that show the seaworthiness of the ark, and its ability to withstand the Flood. It would not have been destroyed in a universal Flood as some people contend. Furthermore its length to width ratio of six to one would provide excellent stability. Dinosaurs Could Have Been Aboard As for dinosaurs having been taken upon the ark, not all who hold to a global Flood believe that dinosaurs existed at the same time as humans.
To them it is a non-issue. Those who do believe dinosaurs existed at the time of the Flood have differing views. Some feel the dinosaurs were purposely left off of the ark for some unexplained reason. It is speculated that their great size would have been a threat to humanity after the Flood because they changed from vegetarians to meat-eaters. Others believe dinosaurs were placed upon the ark. They argue that the number of actual dinosaurs was not that great - perhaps less than fifty.
Also their average size was not that big - about that of a horse. Since the idea was to repopulate the earth only young dinosaurs would have been taken aboard. Therefore, there is no reason why they should have been left off of the ark. Furthermore, it is contended by some Bible students that the Book of Job describes two different types of dinosaurs Job 40 , Some argue that Job was written after the Flood.
If this is the case, then it shows that dinosaurs were taken upon the ark. Miracles Are Miracles Those who believe in the universality of the Genesis Flood wonder why these miracles are any more miraculous than miracles found elsewhere in Scripture. To suppose the miracles in Genesis are somehow greater than miracles elsewhere in Scripture is not a valid conclusion. Why stay in the ark that long for only a local Flood?
The Dove After the waters of the Flood had stopped and began to abate Noah waited four months before sending out a dove. Although the Flood waters had been going down for four months, the dove that Noah sent out still could not find dry ground. So he put out his hand and took it and brought it into the ark with him Genesis If it were only a local flood, we would expect some dry land to appear after four months.
Confirmation Of Isaiah Isaiah the prophet confirmed the worldwide nature of the Flood. This is like the days of Noah to me: Just as I swore that the waters of Noah would never again go over the earth, so I have sworn that I will not be angry with you and will not rebuke you Isaiah Scripture speaks of the world that was. For they willingly forget: that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of water and in the water, by which the world that then existed perished, being flooded with water 2 Peter , 6.
The world that then existed is contrasted to the world to come. The world to come refers to something global. Therefore the parallel between the two worlds speaks of something that is worldwide in scope- in the past with a universal Flood, and in the future with a worldwide judgment. Peter goes on to speak of the coming judgment of the entire heaven and earth. But the day of the Lord will come like a thief. The heavens will disappear with a roar; the elements will be destroyed by fire, and the earth and everything in it will be laid bare.
Since everything will be destroyed in this way, what kind of people ought you to be? You ought to live holy and godly lives as you look forward to the day of God and speed its coming. That day will bring about the destruction of the heavens by fire, and the elements will melt in the heat 2 Peter This is another indication of the global nature of the subject matter. The future destruction of the heavens is compared to the destruction of the earth in Noah's day. Both events are universal. Testimony Of Jesus Jesus said all humanity was destroyed by the Flood.
And as it was in the days of Noah, so it will be also in the days of the Son of Man: they ate, they drank, they married wives, they were given in marriage, until the day that Noah entered the ark, and the Flood came and destroyed them all Luke , The testimony of Jesus, God's Son, indicates a universal Flood - at least as far as humanity is concerned. He compared the events around His Second Coming to the time of the Flood. The Second Coming would be global, not local.
The judgment will be as extensive as the Flood. If the Flood was local, does this mean that the judgment at His coming is also local? The Height Of The Flood One of the strongest arguments for universality is the height of the Flood - fifteen cubits, or approximately twenty-two feet, above the highest mountain. The waters swelled above the mountains, covering them fifteen cubits deep Genesis The ark was thirty cubits in height.
Fifteen cubits speaks of the draught of the ship - which was one half its height. The point of this verse is that the waters were at least high enough to make certain that the ark did not hit the tops of the mountains for the five months in which it was floating. By the end of January, major tributaries such as the Ohio River were overflowing their banks.
In earlier times, this would not have been the problem it was in ; the Mississippi River and its tributaries once overflowed into natural drainage areas. While these levees prevented flooding for a period, they proved unable to withstand the floodwaters of Through the early spring of , the rains continued and the flood pushed downriver toward Louisiana. New Orleans received Then, on Good Friday, April 15, , more than 14 inches of rain fell on New Orleans in a single day, disabling the pumps that normally drained the city.
The levees were not breached; river water did not rush in. Instead, the levees held the rainwater inside the city. That downpour also added more water to the Mississippi River as it rushed past New Orleans. The levees there were under pressure from both sides, and concerned citizens began to buy boats and stockpile food. As heavy rains continued in the Mississippi River drainage area above Louisiana, more than 20, men were put to work sandbagging levees between Baton Rouge and New Orleans.
The threat continued to worsen, however, and state government officials believed the levees would inevitably break. If the break happened below New Orleans, it would relieve pressure and spare the city from massive flooding. An upstream break, on the other hand, would send a disastrous flood into New Orleans. Despite strenuous objections from people living downstream, Governor O. Simpson and his advisors acquiesced to a plea from New Orleans civic leaders to blast a breach in the levee.
This would give the flood a shortcut to the sea and drop the river level at New Orleans, at the cost of flooding further south. Engineers chose a westward loop in the river at Caernarvon and began blowing the levee apart on April Over the next ten days they used thirty-nine tons of dynamite to open a channel that released , cubic feet of water per second from the river. For two days before the dynamiting began the National Guard and major retailers from New Orleans sent convoys of trucks to evacuate the 10, residents whose homes and livelihoods would be washed away when the levee was breached.
Most of the refugees went to stay with relatives. Those who had no place to go were brought to a warehouse in New Orleans. White people were housed on the fifth floor, black people on the sixth. Part of that was because nobody realized how much would be washed away. Refugees had to file a claim to receive compensation under a complicated system that divided payments into various categories, provided that no partial payments could be made, and without legal representation.
In the event of a Flood outbreak, Halo installations create a quarantine zone around the affected area,  inside which the ambient temperature is drastically lowered.
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At least one Flood research facility used low temperatures to keep its specimens inactive and dormant as it studied them. The Flood are also vulnerable to temperatures on the other end of the spectrum. Plasma weapons will easily burn through Flood tissue; the Forerunners incorporated directed-energy weapons into their Sentinels , indicating that they had determined high-enthalpy energy weapons to be the best 'basic countermeasure' available to fight the Flood.
Facts About Noah's Flood
Known examples of Forerunner personal weaponry appear to be geared toward the disintegration of organic matter,  also reflecting the Flood's vulnerability to extremely high temperatures. The UNSC has taken advantage of this weakness as well, making heavy use of flamethrowers in their engagements with the Flood. When engaging heavily entrenched Flood structures such as colonies and Cocooned bases , orbital bombardment is usually a preferred method of elimination as direct attacks can be extremely costly.
During the human-Forerunner wars , humanity who at the time was a technologically advanced, spacefaring race believed they had discovered another way to defeat the Flood. Using genetic engineering, a third of the human population was altered to carry a set of specially designed genes. This group of humans was then allowed to be infected by the Flood. Once the genes were exposed to Flood DNA, they triggered a cascade of cell destruction that spread throughout all Flood biomatter.
The majority of the Flood died off as a result, although they would return in full force ten thousand years later. All information regarding this "cure" was destroyed by the humans as a final act of revenge against the Forerunners, leaving them unprepared for the second Flood strike. In reality, while humanity's efforts indeed produced the intended result and repulsed the Flood threat, it was later revealed by the Primordial that the Flood retreated by its own initiative, as humanity was not yet to be "tested" by the Flood.
As such, humanity's survival was in fact due to the Flood's deliberate decision not to infect human populations, as the Precursors had determined to use the Flood to punish the Forerunners first. After the Flood began to ravage the Forerunners' ecumene, Forerunner scientists led by Master Builder Faber tried in vain to extract information on the cure from humans' ancestral memories, imprinted as part of their geas by the Librarian , unaware that the cure never really existed. The Flood's combat strategy is simple: they throw themselves at potential hosts in huge numbers and with any and all weapons available.
The parasite seeks to saturate its opponents with an excess of noise so thoroughly it impedes the enemy's ability to process information and prevents them from organizing a meaningful resistance. Flood tactics are based primarily on asymmetrical warfare, using various different forms to kill and infect enemy forces. Infection forms swarm across the battlefield in waves, reanimating any corpses and victims they can find, while combat forms attack and kill any living hosts in sight.
Pure forms, if present, provide support to combat forms in a number of ways: Stalker forms move to strategic positions and mutate into either Tank or Ranged forms, which can destroy enemy vehicles or fortifications or provide suppressing fire from afar. The Flood have a strong preference for close-range combat: combat forms possess extremely powerful melee capabilities due to their specialized claws and tentacles, and are capable of bringing a suit of MJOLNIR armor's energy shields to half strength with a single strike.
Exploding carrier forms cause tremendous damage at close range, with the added benefit of spewing Pod infector in the immediate vicinity of enemies. Pod infectors are capable of attacking only at point-blank ranges, exploding in damaging bursts when meeting an opponent's personal energy shields or instantly grabbing hold of an unshielded enemy organism and infecting it.
Combat forms can also use firearms, and have been seen clutching them in one of their hands regardless of whether it is one-handed or two-handed. However, combat forms are very inaccurate when using ranged weaponry; it is believed that the neurological and physical effects of Flood infection significantly decrease accuracy. The Flood collectively learn any information contained within the minds of their sentient hosts. For example, during the ill-fated raid on the Infinite Succor , after even one Sangheili was assimilated, all the Flood could open any doors and access any system on the ship immediately afterward, demonstrating the Flood's ability to share collective knowledge across their species.
Furthermore, when the Flood assimilated the Prophet legate, the Minister of Etiology , the Flood reflected the high-level knowledge of the Legate through its individual organisms to Special Operations Commander Rtas 'Vadumee, mocking him with the words, " the Forerunner could not defeat us The Flood, however, reflect unusual knowledge in the individual psychologies of its individual species in processes facilitating increased infestation: The Flood were sighted gathering bodies in the corners of the Covenant ship Truth and Reconciliation , perhaps making it easier for infection forms to find hosts to reanimate.
The Flood were also gathering body parts for a new proto-Gravemind aboard the Infinite Succor. Flood combat forms have been sighted crudely operating Type Ghosts , Warthogs , Wraiths , and Scorpions in ground operations, although with slow deliberation and clumsy driving and accuracy.
The assimilated crewmen of the UNSC frigate In Amber Clad were also able to initiate a Slipspace micro-jump for the frigate and perform rudimentary maneuvering of the In Amber Clad , navigating the frigate from the atmosphere of Delta Halo to High Charity and then crashing the vessel into a tower, releasing Pelican dropships to rain down upon the Covenant capital. While one of the Flood's main strengths lies in the decentralization of its compound mind and ability to be reborn from even the most carefully reduced remnant, it is nonetheless known to develop and assume a certain "core" Gravemind as an embodiment for its strategic intelligence.
The Forerunners observed that the Flood exhibits a seemingly instinctive tendency to recoil and concentrate all of its otherwise distributed assets around this core when threatened on a large scale. A threat to the Flood's existence major enough to prompt such action was the imminent firing of the Halos, at which point the Flood gathered all of its available assets and launched an attack on the Ark. The Flood is very effective on a psychological level, as its parasitic nature and gruesome appearance alone are a source of horror for most of its enemies and thus serve as powerful demoralizers.
It is not uncommon for survivors of Flood encounters to be severely traumatized, often to the point of delirium, after witnessing their comrades get infected or being subsequently forced to kill said infected individuals. Significant changes to the Flood's general existence were necessary due to the change of genre from first-person shooter to real-time strategy game.
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Urban Dictionary: The Flood
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