Commentary on the Gospel of John: Bible Study Notes and Comments

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The function of John the Baptist was to bear witness of the light, being Jesus. John was sent from God v. The word "testify" occurs 33 times in the gospel of John. Light 1 John , "This is the message we have heard from Him and announce to you, that God is Light, and in Him there is no darkness at all. A city set on a hill cannot be hidden. Philippians —8, "Have this attitude in yourselves which was also in Christ Jesus, 6 who, although He existed in the form of God, did not regard equality with God a thing to be grasped, 7 but emptied Himself, taking the form of a bond-servant, and being made in the likeness of men.

It can mean Does in mean every individual who has ever lived, was then living, or will live? If so, how is this done? Via the Bible? Is it I statement about the general idea of the gospel message going forth? What exactly is the enlightening? Does it mean that Jesus is making himself known to everyone all over the world?

Or, does it mean that in the process of evangelism he enlightens every man about the truth of sin and salvation and the necessity of trusting in him and his sacrifice? Could it be a conscience that is provided to every individual? Does "everyman" mean it in a literal sense or in a general sense to all types of people all over the world?

Debate on the answers of the questions continues within the Christian church. He was in the world, and the world was made through Him, and the world did not know Him. Jesus was born in Bethlehem. To not know who Jesus is, is to not know his divinity, his Majesty, his work, his love, his purpose. He came to His own, and those who were His own did not receive Him.

Jesus came to the Jews but the Jews, as a whole, rejected him. Some scholars suggest that John may be more historical regarding the crucifixion than the other three Gospels. It is that pool that has only recently been uncovered, as described in the accompanying article. I disagree with your assumption that passover was on Friday. Jesus needed to stay in the ground like jonah in the belly of the fish.

He was probably killed on a Wednesday with the high sabbath of passover that night until Thursday night since Jewish days run evening to evening. Which means the women buy the spices to prepare the body on Friday and regular passover happening Friday night to Saturday night. Jesus probably rose from the dead late Saturday night and Mary discovered the empty tomb Sunday morning.

And the second part of John 2 is explicitly about events that happened the same Passover season as the Crucifixion in the Synoptic accounts. From what I understand, John Mark was the son of the wealthy widow who was hosting and supporting Christ. He was educated. He turned away from traveling with Paul and returned to Peter. One is that everybody was being hunted down and executed and the eyewitness testimony needed to be passed on before the original disciples did. The disciples programmed with the Holy Spirit given them after Christ ascended were on a mission to GO and spread the word.

Only when stopped by prison do you see letters and writings. If God could release the ability to suddenly speak in all languages to the disciples, he most certainly could have given them the ability to write. Scholars and professors have to publish. It is a requirement of tenure. They have to find an angle and it mostly involves their overly developed egos and their flawed reasoning, not the facts. Much less faith in the well preserved word of the One True God introduced to us through the Original Jewish race.

Thank you. You leap to so many unsupported conclusions in so few paragraphs, although clearly none of these are a leap of faith! It is unclear who the author of Mark was, true. But the majority of scholars consider him to have been either an eyewitness or an associate of eyewitnesses, as evidenced by the details in Mark that do not exist in the other Gospels.

Was he the young man who ran away naked at the arrest? Even if the accounts were not eyewitness stories, they were written in living memory of events, and many eyewitnesses were available. Could it be that the Gospel authors whom reported who saw the risen Lord.

SparkNotes: Bible: The New Testament: The Gospel According to John (John)

And left out any that they were not certain of? When asked to tell a lawyer activities a girl claiming to be unable to work again after a car accident, I gave examples of the activities that she had posted afterward that myself and husband both remembered seeing. If he did not recall seeing her horse back riding or bridge diving, I did not include it. Just because there seem to be differences in the details between the books does not discredit the message of Jesus Christ.

Consider that these books were written years after the crusifiction, some of them decades apart. Now consider your own memory of events in your own life, and how the details of those memories compare to those of your friends who shared in the same experiences. I am still looking for someone who will provide me with an alternative scenario to the resurrection which would explain the actions of first century Christians who were willing martyrs or would be martyrs.

Passover is a single day. He was arrested either late on Thursday night the first night of the Feast of Unleavened Bread or early on Friday morning. Such an obvious error would seem to call the accuracy of your entire commentary into question. Gary: How many times have you heard conservative Christian apologists say that even if the authors of Luke and Matthew were dependent on Mark, the author of John was not.

Scholars are currently divided on this issue. No one can claim either side of this argument as fact. We might have two independent sources for these stories, but it is also possible that the core story came from just one source: the author of the Gospel of Mark. As long as the core story remained intact…that Jesus of Nazareth had been arrested by the Romans; tried and convicted of treason against Caesar; executed by crucifixion; buried in some manner; and shortly thereafter, his disciples believed that he appeared to them, in some fashion…the other details found in the Passion Narrative may be literary invention fiction!

Think of that! It would certainly answer a lot of questions. Why does the original Resurrection Story in Mark have zero appearance stories? My, my, my. The evidence for a fantastical, never-heard-of-before-or-since Resurrection is much, much weaker than the average Christian layperson sitting in the pew on Sunday realizes! Even though it is not certain who wrote the book of John I am thankful for the scriptures written.

I read the Wikileaks site on John that claims the Gospels and Revelation were written by the same person or closely suggests such is true. Having read the Gospels numerous times I believe it is more likely that marginal Christians have collected fragments that may have been issued in a single volume and mistake that one book equals one author.

The Peace of Jesus is not the peace of the world. Luke is clearly written in a style Yes I am able to read New Testament Greek but defer to scholars with a more profound ability and concur. Each has a distinct character that survives transalton. More often than not translation errors are a gift for those who have more imagination than faith. The diversity of the Gospels apparent conflicts in retelling their memories is more likely when eye witness testimony is given. The essentials are the same and the basic rule for establishing a dogma remains intact, the truth is given, Jesus was the Son of God understood in His time to mean he was the Messiah.

That he was not accepted and did not establish an earthly kingdom has people as much confused today as it did then. John is testimony to faith based belief in the Divinity of Jesus the Christ. It is this truth Christians throughout the ages have been persecuted. He is rather most likely a resident of Jerusalem and reports events which occurred in the city and environs, events which were not known to the other disciples. Bauckham argues that John is the anonymous Beloved Disciple by drawing on a variety of sources including, importantly, literary analysis, of course, the Beloved Disciple appears in the Gospel narrative only as a character.

This however allows the narrative to proceed without interruption and qualifies him as a witness and ideal author. What is your evidence? There are so many quotes above that a person searching for the truth a true skeptic would see right through. Instead several posters seem to just be trying to reinforce what they already believe. I would trust what they have to say over someone years using mainly linguistic evidence, any day of the week.

Especially since, with the exception of Eusebius, the people above had nothing to gain but persecution for doing what they did. Another poster said that most scholars agree that John Mark did not right Mark. Are you serious? Do they have someone from within that lifetime who says this? Do they have something listing characteristics of John Mark that disqualify him from righting Mark?

Groundless speculation. Please look at all of the evidence as a whole. And do not just believe what PHD says. There are multitudes on the planet and they do not all agree, so look at the evidence, listen to what scholars have to say. Think for yourself. Mark is the earliest of the gospels and there is pretty much consensus that it was written around 70 AD earlier that the AD Ryan seems so certain about.

John himself died in 44 AD. Matthew, Mark, Luke and John are all anonymous. Most scholars no longer believe that Mark was John Mark the scribe of Peter. Today we would call that a forgery, but in those times it was pretty normal. When if you believe and understand the bible from start to finish you should know as a child also understand as a child staying pure in your thoughts.

Then you would understand that God would only accept a pure unblemished sacrifice. Now that being said if Jesus was married then he would not and could be a sacrifice pleasing to God. If people would tell the truth? No it was her flesh. Her physical appearance. Also Jesus said if you have lusted after a woman then you have already committed adultery. So tell the truth what was it that drew you to your wife? I already know sin. There for Jesus could not have been married. Watch the above five minute youtube video. Therefore, no one should believe the very improbable, 2, year old, tall tale that a three-day-dead guy walked out of his sealed tomb to eat a broiled fish lunch with his former fishing buddies and a few days later, flew off into outer space where he sits today on a golden throne, at the edge of the universe, as King of the Cosmos!

The fourth gospel was written by Lazarus. Newsflash: The majority of New Testament scholars no longer believe that eyewitnesses wrote the Gospels. This bible shows the true names. Since the rulers were seeking to kill him because of Jesus it is possible that he used an alternative name to hide his true identity.

The name John in Hebrew is Yahukanon. Are Christian pastors honest with their congregations regarding the evidence for the Resurrection? It amazes me but it should not because heresy was alive in the 1st century. The apostle Paul was struggling with this then when he wrote his letters re to the Galatians for example.

The Enemy who is Satan seeks to confuse and deceive in order to keep us from the truth. Study the scriptures for yourselves and rely only those proven commentators and expositors that have survived the test of time. One of the greatest that was recorded is Dr Martyn Lloyd Jones. There are over sermons that were recorded at the Westminster Chapel in London in the s and 60s. The Dead Sea Scrolls would give you a clue.

Where are we?

The 31 banned gospels form the Bible was not written by the Romans with the collaboration of Josephus Flavius which were all pro-Roman and anti-Jewish. Those four gospels were used as propaganda scriptures against the Jews in favor of the Romans. The book of John is about a man called Jesus who at the baptism of the Lord An of the book of Matthew came the next day while Ani was a way in the wilderness fasting and praying to his father before being tested of Satan to see if he be the real son of God.

He too will b crucified and buried but Jesus of John is now in the grave for 24 hours. The moment that the Lord dies at three in the after noon there is a great earthquake and the living ones being righteous are aroused and made to stand up among the dead ones. They assemble and go into the city of Jerusalem are seen by many but the gentile Jesus is not seen among then for he is unrighteous and he will remain in the grave for 84 more hours until he is aroused on Sunday morning at sunrise, In the mean time the Lord is in the grave three days and three nights and he will rise with the second earthquake and angel from heaven but the gentile Jesus of John has 12 more hours in the grave until Sunday morning The Jesus of John is no more than a gentile Jew writing a story of a gentile Jew who was called the son of God but never approved by God the Father of the Hebrews.

The false messiah Jesus offered eternal life to those perishing but the sons of God of the book of Matthew were never perishing for there was prepared for them a place before the foundation of the earth. Only the evil and wicked gentiles all go to hell as they were assigned before the earth was formed. The gentile deceiver Jesus made a way for all gentile to be saved by believing in the false messiah Jesus, Ani the Lord came for his divorced wife and her children, He had to die to annul the first marriage vows that he could remarry his wife.

Ani then became the price to buy back the wife and the children from the one who possessed them, It was purely a financial transaction for those redeemed take no part in the act of redeeming and nothing is required of them, Only the evil and wicked gentiles have to believe in the false Jesus to be saved from nothing the wrath of God still awaits them when they die,. John is an eyewitness account of the Apostle John Mary was never an apostle, and women were forbidden to teach. Pick any handful of biographies of, say, Abraham Lincoln. Or any figure. The tone, style, perspective, focus, choice of anecdotes, etc.

And the ultimate author of the Gospels, God, might tell us one day to walk over the hill to town. He might spend the next day telling us about town. He might spend the third day giving practical logistical advice for the journey. On the fourth he might describe the people of town and their physical needs, while on the fifth brief us on the spiritual connection of traveling by foot and evangelizing door-to-door.

It is very clear if you read in John The author identified himself who he was in John The gospel of John was written by a ressurected Judas Iscariot. Jesus supernaturally caused Judas to betray Him, to fulfill the prophesy in Scripture. The story of Lazarus foreshadows this. Paul- I agree, what you wrote is directed by the Holy Spirit.

John's Gospel Made Simple: A King James Verse By Verse Bible Study

Jesus was showing His appreciation because John loved what He loved which resulted in their close relationship. Spiritual things are spiritually discerned 1 Cor 2: 13, The Gospel of John was written by John. He descipled all four regularly, although neither Mark nor Luke were one of the first 12 apostles named by Jesus. Mark was probably John Mark Acts 12 Luke was both a physician and a historian, to whom the book of Acts is attributed. He was the apostle John which penned the Revelation and also wrote 1st 2nd and 3rd John. The stories of the four Gospel writers vary, but only in chronology and perhaps in their inclusions.

They do not vary in essence. Matthew, John Mark, and Luke collaborated frequently, resulting in their stories being synchronized. Jesus exuded the love of God profusely, without measure. John He loved all12 apostles, but John paid more attention to his love, while the others paid more attention to the events. Some had said that Jesus loved John because John was his natural brother. He was not. He was a son of Zebedee. There is also spiritual significance; he was telling his own mother to now look to his ministry for guidence. John inclined his own heart towards what Jesus loved.

John ; John ; and John , 20 are translated incorrectly. Many people, probably hundreds or even thousands were writing on parchment quickly and simultaneously as orations were presented by prophets, by Jesus and by the apostles. Hundreds or thousands of people also hand copied letters and eye-witness accounts that were written by the apostles.

In many cases, the oldest surviving copies that could be found had been hand written 10 to 50 years after the first writings. Many of those were not discovered until two to three hundred years after they were written. The accounts, both verbal and written of reliable historians must also be considered.

However, other historical accounts will help verify who the original author was. The Book of Enoch, and the Gospel of Thomas are two such examples. Steve, yes spurious for the fact that a lot of the scriptural context of Matthew, Mark, and Luke are quite contrary to Johns testimony. Not found in the other three. But there is a verse in john , like John himself wrote the Gospel of John.. I wanna get clarify with this..

I agree this author is sounding like some CNN host who knows nothing more than superficial media hear-say. One quick search on the topic online would help you clarify all those doubts and yet such lethargic unscholarly attitude. What I would like to know is, what book the author of this essay is reading? Yahshua was taken to prison Passover night as He broke bread. He was hung on a tree a High Shabbat Wednesday. He resurrected on a Sabbaton Sabbath before dawn.

The author

It does not matter where we live. God wants people from everywhere in the world to become his children. It does not matter how old or how young we are. Anyone who trusts Jesus can be born again verse We become new people in our hearts, our minds and our spirits. We will want to obey God.

We will be calm in our minds and our hearts, even when bad things happen. We will know that God loves us. We will know that he is very close to us always. John was not writing about an idea or a dream. He had actually seen God in the form of a man. Jesus was human, like us. But he had always existed, although not as a human person. He showed us the truth about God. He showed us how much God loves us. God is kind to us, even when we do not deserve it.

Although Jesus was a man, he had always existed. We do not deserve them. It was too difficult. However, Jesus emphasised that God wanted to forgive us. When we trust Jesus, God will forgive us. He came to make it complete. Before he came, people followed a set of rules.

But we follow a person, Jesus. We have a relationship with him. He guides us to do the right things. He shows us how to please God. And also he gives us the power to obey God. But nobody had ever seen God. People knew only partly what God was like. However, by means of his Son, God had come down to earth. He did not deny the message that God gave him. Are you Elijah?

Then we can give an answer to the people who sent us. Tell us about yourself! But there is someone in this crowd whom you do not recognise. He will come after me. But I am not good enough to be his slave! Bethany was a village to the east of the river called Jordan. He lived in the desert. He ate strange food Matthew His father Zechariah was a priest. They live with him in heaven. They bring messages to people from God. This son would do special work for God. But he was a powerful man, because many people listened to his message. They saw that God had given authority to him. Therefore, they obeyed him.

These priests were very important, and they came with their helpers. The priests had a very important job, so the people respected them. Elijah had not died naturally. God had taken him up to heaven in a strong wind 2 Kings He wanted people to concentrate on his message, not on himself. This was so that people had rules for every situation.

And he also had to promise to obey all the extra rules, in addition to the rules that God had made. They thought that they were better than other people. They wanted to impress other people. They wanted people to think that they were very good. But they did not really care about God or about other people. Actually he was among them, in the crowd. We should always remember this when we serve him.

We should never be proud. We should not think that we are important. However, Jesus calls us his friends, not his servants! See John This is so wonderful. This Bethany was a village near to the river called Jordan. Jesus was coming towards him. He is much greater than me. I came to you first. But he existed before I was born.

This is a very special name. It helped to explain why Jesus had come to the earth. If we believe this, we can ask God to forgive us. And if we are sincere, God will forgive us. Then, he told them to spread the blood on the entrances to their houses. Egyptians were the people who lived in Egypt. When the devil attacks us, we can have this protection. We need just to pray that the blood of Jesus will protect us. But John did not record it.

Perhaps he knew that people were already familiar with this story. He was always good. We have only to ask him. And they went with Jesus. He saw that they were following him. They saw the place where he was staying. The time was about the 10th hour. So they stayed there for the rest of the day. Then, Andrew had followed Jesus. He had emphasised that Jesus was greater than himself. He was pointing out who Jesus was.

He wanted people to follow Jesus, not himself. Some people want to get a lot of money. They want to buy a lot of things. Some people want to have an important job. Some people want to have power over other people. Some people want to have security. But other people want to know God. They want to serve him and to obey him. They want this more than anything else. And they realise that a right relationship with God matters more than anything else. Perhaps they did not really know what they wanted at that time. Instead, they asked him where he was staying.

Perhaps he wanted to record the exact words that he had heard. When he met Jesus, everything changed for him. So he would remember everything about that wonderful day. Immediately, he wanted to tell this good news to his brother. But Andrew did not just tell Simon about Jesus. He brought Simon to meet Jesus. We should be like Andrew.

If we know Jesus, we want other people to know him too. So we must tell people about him. We must introduce them to Jesus. Verse 42 Jesus gave a new name to Simon. People would trust him. But Simon did not have all these qualities when he first met Jesus. Jesus was not describing Simon as Simon was then. Jesus was describing the kind of person that Simon would become. Jesus knows the kind of person that we could become. But, like Simon, it takes time for us to become that person.

God will allow us to have troubles and difficulties. We may be weak and we may fail often. We may make wrong or foolish decisions. But God will work for our benefit. He will teach us, and he will guide us. We must let God do this. We must give ourselves to him completely. We must allow him to rule over every part of our character and our circumstances. Then we will become the kind of person that God wants us to be. He found Philip there. Andrew and Simon Peter were from Bethsaida, too. Certainly nothing good can come from Nazareth! He is a completely honest man.

I saw you before Philip found you. That is why you believe these things about me. But you will see greater things than that! I am telling you the truth! He met a man called Philip there. Like Andrew, Philip wanted to tell the good news about Jesus to other people. So Philip went to find his friend called Nathanael.

John did not mention Bartholomew. So it is likely that the names Nathanael and Bartholomew refer to the same person. Nathanael was from Cana, a town near to Nazareth. We do not really know why Nathanael insulted Nazareth. However, Philip did not try to argue with Nathanael. Instead, he invited Nathanael to see Jesus for himself. We can learn from this. We can argue with them about religion. But it is better just to tell the good news about Jesus. We can tell people what Jesus has done on our behalf personally. We can tell them that we know Jesus as our friend.

Then, they will know his power and his love. He will be their friend, too. Verse 47 Jesus had never met Nathanael. But Jesus knew about him. Jesus knows everything about us, too. He knows the good things and the bad things about us. We cannot hide anything from him. But still he loves us. Still he wants us to be his friends and to follow him. This was a common custom. Probably, Nathanael was doing this before Philip found him.

Nathanael was surprised that Jesus knew this. But Jesus said that Nathanael would see greater things than this. They would see how God would mend the relationship between himself and people. In this dream, Jacob saw a ladder that reached from earth to heaven. Jesus is like this ladder, because he connects people to God. He opened the way to God. So Jesus meant that we can speak to God only by means of himself.

Jesus is the only real connection between heaven and earth. But Jesus, by his death, would mend the relationship between people and God. Jesus does this for everyone who trusts him. He did not explain what this meant. But the name has more than one meaning. Daniel had a vision a dream that God gives to a person when they are awake.

It reminds us that Jesus was God. But he was also human. But I am thinking about other matters. My time has not come yet. People had made the pots from stone. This water was for a particular ceremony. Each pot could contain about litres. Give it to the host. It had become wine. He did not know where this wine had come from.

But the servants knew. He spoke to the bridegroom. Then, the servants serve poorer wine. But this wine is so good. It is even better than the wine that we were drinking before! Jesus showed people that he had great power. They stayed there for a few days. Verses Weddings were very special occasions.

After the ceremony, the people went to a party. This party continued for a week. The guests ate and drank together. Everyone was very happy. But if there was not enough food or drink for the week, the bride and the bridegroom felt great shame. It was their duty to provide plenty. There was a tradition that the bridegroom was John himself. We do not know if this is true. But Mary had some responsibility for the wedding, because she worried about the wine. And she had the authority to give orders to the servants.

This would explain why Jesus lived with his mother and his brothers until he was 30 years old. As he was the oldest son, it was his duty to look after the whole family. So Mary expected that Jesus would help her to get some more wine. Then the party could continue. And the bride and the bridegroom would not be ashamed.

But Jesus was thinking about other things. Jesus knew that he had come to the earth for a special purpose. He never forgot this. But still Mary was sure that Jesus would help. So she told the servants to obey his instructions. So he explained why there were pots of water in the house. Also they washed their feet before they entered a house. However, these 6 pots held a very large quantity of water. So it was not likely that the water was for people to wash their hands and feet. It was more likely that the water was for a ceremony called the Mikvah. The Mikvah was a ceremony for women who had had a baby, or after menstruation when a woman bleeds monthly.

Verses Jesus told the servants to fill the pots with water. Then he told them to take out some water. And he told them to give it to the host. He was like a chief waiter. Jesus had made the water change. It had become wine! However, they did not know what would happen. Sometimes, we do not understand why Jesus asks us to do a certain thing. But when we obey him, something wonderful happens. Verses People always drank the best wine first at a wedding. So the host thought that the people had been drinking the cheaper wine first instead.

It showed that he spoke with authority. And wonderful things happened when people obeyed him. Verse 12 Capernaum was an important city. It was on a major route for trade. He chased the sheep and the cows out. This love is like a fire that burns inside me.

I will build it again in three days. But you say that you can build it again in three days! He knew what they were really thinking. He already knew all about them. But the officials were not fair or honest. But these animals cost much more than usual. They were very expensive, so that the merchants made a big profit. This was not the only thing that was unfair. This tax paid for the daily ceremonies there. But people had to pay this tax with special coins.

They came to earn a lot of money for themselves! They charged the people too much for their services. He was very angry. Verse 16 Matthew, Mark and Luke also recorded this incident. But Mark added some extra words. But it was very difficult to pray because it was so noisy!

Probably, this was another reason why Jesus was angry. He died on behalf of everybody. Then in 28 BC, the ruler Herod the Great started to add many more walls and buildings to it. It had taken 46 years to build. Jesus meant that God had come to live among his people in a new way. God was living among them as a man. This man was Jesus.

This was what John meant in John Jesus knew that the people would kill him. On the third day after his death, his body would become alive again. Verse 22 But on this occasion, nobody understood what Jesus really meant. All 4 accounts of this incident record the same main facts. But the writers wanted to emphasise what happened and why. When the incident happened was less important to them. However, there is another explanation.

They saw that he had power. They wanted to know how they could benefit from this power. Jesus knew this. Jesus knew this, too. They were following him because he was popular. They would leave him when he became unpopular. Some of them would probably oppose him. He knows if we really love him.

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It is not always easy to follow Jesus. He came to Jesus at night. We all know that God has sent you to teach us. I tell you the truth. Do not be surprised at this statement. You can hear the sound that it makes. But you do not know where it comes from. And you do not know where it is going. But you do not understand these things! We speak about what we know.

And we report what we have seen. But nobody believes us. So you cannot believe me when I speak about things in heaven. In the same way, people will lift up the Son of Man. Then everyone can see that they obey God. And that is why they do these good things. Verses Nicodemus was a member of the Sanhedrin. There are two possible reasons why Nicodemus came to see Jesus at night. He often argued with them in public. But perhaps there was another reason.

Commentary on John 2:1-11

Jesus was very busy all day. He was a popular teacher and crowds followed him. It is not in one particular place. This is the prayer that Jesus taught us to say. We ask that this will happen on the earth, too. In this society, people do everything that pleases God. Evil things will not happen then Revelation chapters 21 and A person has to be born again. This is because Jesus was not talking about the birth of our physical bodies. He was talking about our spirits. We realise that we can never be good enough for God. But Jesus suffered that punishment on our behalf. And he accepts us.

Our spirits are born again! Our spirits become alive. We know that God is real. We love him and we want to please him. We become different people inside our hearts. It does not matter where a person lives in the world. It does not matter whether that person is rich or poor. It does not matter whether that person is young or old. Jesus said that a person needs two births. The first is the natural birth of the body. It is a gift from God see Romans ; 1 Corinthians ; 1 Thessalonians It is a mystery.

We can never really understand it. We just know that it is true. It happens! Verses Nicodemus was a very clever man. But he did not understand what Jesus was teaching him. Because he was clever, he realised this. He was wise enough to ask Jesus some questions.

Nicodemus really wanted to learn and to understand. Jesus explained things to him, because Nicodemus was honest and sincere. His words are all true! Verse 12 Nicodemus did not understand what Jesus meant about the second birth. But Jesus had explained it well. So Jesus was referring to everyone who did not understand him.