Be sure to remove the old short flint before putting a new flint in. Be sure to use a flint whose length and thickn The following content was provided by the publisher. This volume presents thirty papers on the archaeological uses of flint. They were presented at the Fourth International Flint Symposium Iterm Description: This magnesium flint stones is the most important item in your survival kit since it means to make a fire.
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During the early days of the frontier, Indian bows were equivalent to primitive smoothbore muzzleloaders carried by trappers and traders. Indians also relied on lances, knives and war clubs for weapons.
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Improvements in firearms made Indians covet them—especially when waging war. Even the federal Office of Indian Trade purchased fusees from abroad to satisfy Indian preferences. Distinguishable from other flinters of the era, these trade guns were fitted with a part-octagon and part-round smoothbore barrel that measured from 30 to 48 inches in length. The ruggedly built, lightweight and economically manufactured Northwest Gun could be loaded with either a single ball or a charge of shot.
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The full-stocked arm employed barrel pins to hold the stock and barrel together in the manner of military muskets. A large sheet iron trigger guard allowed the user to wear mittens while shooting.
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At other times, an improperly loaded firearm caused a burst muzzle. Women utilized this thin-edged piece of iron or brass as a hide scraper. When gun stocks split, forearms burst or wood and metal parts got damaged, Indians wrapped the damaged part with tightly bound wet rawhide, then let it dry so that it shrunk to form an ironclad-like mend.
Sometimes they hammered in iron or brass nails to hold together a broken stock, but usually they reserved such hardware to decorate the firearm.
As the American fur trade grew, so did the Indian gun trade, despite occasional hostilities. While the smoothbore Northwest Guns remained the most typical Indian arm throughout the s, more and more tribes demanded rifled longarms. With more frequent contact with trappers and explorers, some Indians began to learn the basics of rifle shooting and slowly adopted the ways of experienced white hunters and soldiers. American rifle makers quickly recognized this growing market for their products.
Gunmakers such as Henry Deringer, H. Leman, J. Henry, Jacob Forney and the Tryon brothers of Philadelphia led the way with their flintlock, and later percussion, rifles. These Eastern firms filled many of the government contracts for Indian trade guns in the early West. For some time after the appearance of the percussion ignition system in the s, Indians, like many white frontiersmen, clung to the more familiar flintlocks—partially because of the availability of new flints, as compared to the percussion caps in the early years of the caplock system.
For example, after receiving a delivery of percussion rifles in a trade, the Choctaw tribe in Fort Smith, Arkansas, exchanged of them for flintlocks.
In another instance, a band of Osages refused percussion arms in , not only because of an abundant supply of flint stones, but also because of a gunsmith, made available to them by the U. Whether flint or caplock, Indian trade guns of this period were usually full-stocked arms of.
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Although these Indian trade guns—and even the Northwest Guns—remained popular well into the s, firearms turned out for the civilian market, such as the half-stock Plains rifles from fine makers such as Horace Dimick and Samuel Hawken, were also prized by the tribes. But since these firearms carried a much higher price tag, they were less commonly found among Indians. The Utes in Colorado had well-made firearms when frontiersman J.
Campion crossed their path in the late s. When breechloading firearms came on the scene, they spelled the demise of the muzzleloaders among Indian warriors. By the end of the Civil War, successful percussion cartridge and metallic cartridge firearms were becoming available in greater numbers on the frontier, and Indians were eager customers, as they began feeling the effects of the Westward migration.
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The over-populated town is being run into the ground by the corrupt editor of the Silver City Democrat , Digby Westminster. A friend of merchants and flatterer of politicians, the manipulative scoundrel has grown fat ridiculing the miners and working girls while making sure they are ruthlessly taxed into destitution. Wheeler P Blackstone Audio, Inc.
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Critic Reviews "Strikes the right balance of suspense, humor, drama and credibility This conclusion to the trilogy has pizzazz. Shrewdly plotted and refreshingly entertaining, it is by far the best of the three.