While these thoughts are not consciously expressed, Freud suggested that they find their way into our awareness via dreams. In his famous book The Interpretation of Dreams , Freud wrote that dreams are " He also described two different components of dreams: manifest content and latent content. However, research has failed to demonstrate that the manifest content disguises the real psychological significance of a dream. The activation-synthesis model of dreaming was first proposed by J. Allan Hobson and Robert McClarley in According to this theory, circuits in the brain become activated during REM sleep, which causes areas of the limbic system involved in emotions, sensations, and memories, including the amygdala and hippocampus , to become active.
The brain synthesizes and interprets this internal activity and attempts to find meaning in these signals, which results in dreaming.
This model suggests that dreams are a subjective interpretation of signals generated by the brain during sleep. While this theory suggests that dreams are the result of internally generated signals, Hobson does not believe that dreams are meaningless. Instead, he suggests that dreaming is "…our most creative conscious state, one in which the chaotic, spontaneous recombination of cognitive elements produces novel configurations of information: new ideas. While many or even most of these ideas may be nonsensical, if even a few of its fanciful products are truly useful, our dream time will not have been wasted.
One of the major theories to explain why we sleep is that sleep allows us to consolidate and process all of the information that we have collected during the previous day.
Some dream experts suggest that dreaming is simply a by-product or even an active part of this information-processing. As we deal with the multitude of information and memories from the daytime, our sleeping minds create images, impressions, and narratives to manage all of the activity going on inside our heads as we slumber. Many other theories have been suggested to account for the occurrence and meaning of dreams. The following are just of few of the proposed ideas:.
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More in Psychology. What Is a Dream? What Purpose Do Dreams Serve? Psychoanalytic Theory of Dreams. Activation-Synthesis Model of Dreaming. Information-Processing Theories. Other Theories of Dreams. View All.
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One theory suggests that dreams are the result of our brains trying to interpret external stimuli during sleep. For example, the sound of the radio may be incorporated into the content of a dream. Another theory uses a computer metaphor to account for dreams. According to this theory, dreams serve to 'clean up' clutter from the mind, much like clean-up operations in a computer, refreshing the mind to prepare for the next day. Yet another model proposes that dreams function as a form of psychotherapy. In this theory, the dreamer is able to make connections between different thoughts and emotions in a safe environment.
The only thing you can do is remain authentic, improve and provide value every day, and know that the growing number of "haters" means that you are doing important things. Unless your goals depend on either, you should minimize or even eliminate your dependency on them, and direct that time towards things that can enrich your life. This commentary originally ran on Medium. Zdravko Cvijetic is an educator, and an entrepreneur, with a B.
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He is the founder of Zero To Skill , a platform which provides useful content on how to become a top-performer in life by mastering your habits and productivity and use it to build a personal brand. If you enjoyed his article, don't forget to get his free e-book: " The Ultimate Productivity Cheat Sheet. Get Make It newsletters delivered to your inbox. All Rights Reserved. Skip Navigation. Success Melinda Gates shares Buffett's advice and what she and Bill won't spend on VIDEO Here's what you need to let go of if you want to be successful.
Make It. Give up the short-term mindset "You only live once, but if you do it right, once is enough. These healthy habits shouldn't be something you do; they should be something you embody. Give up on playing small "Your playing small does not serve the world. And the world will never benefit from what you could have achieved. Give up your excuses "It's not about the cards you're dealt, but how you play the hand.
Own your life; no one else will. Adopt these habits in your 20s to be more successful in your 30s. Give up the fixed mindset "The future belongs to those who learn more skills and combine them in creative ways. Remember, who you are today, it's not who you have to be tomorrow. Give up believing in the "magic bullet" "Every day, in every way, I'm getting better and better. Give up your perfectionism "Shipping beats perfection.
Give up multi-tasking "You will never reach your destination if you stop and throw stones at every dog that barks. Churchill Successful people know this. Being fully present and committed to one task, is indispensable. Give up your need to control everything "Some things are up to us, and some things are not up to us. Remember, nobody can be frustrated while saying "Bubbles" in an angry voice. Give up on saying YES to things that don't support your goals "He who would accomplish little must sacrifice little; he who would achieve much must sacrifice much; he who would attain highly must sacrifice greatly.
How to boost your productivity like Richard Branson. Give up the toxic people "You are the average of the five people you spend the most time with. Take a look at around you, and see if you need to make any changes. Give up your need to be liked "The only way to avoid pissing people off is to do nothing important. This is entirely natural, and there's no need to justify yourself. Give up your dependency on social media and television "The trouble is, you think you have time.