Accessibility Standards: Minimum Requirements (An Engineering SoundBite)

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Download the Professional Engineering app. A weekly round-up of the most popular and topical stories featured on our website, so you won't miss anything. Subscribe to the Professional Engineering newsletter. Opt into your industry sector newsletter. Homepage News News article. Articles Soundbites: Cyber security and the Internet of Things.

Lynn Harvey, Massachusetts It is better to recognise the threat and manage the risks, whilst gaining the benefit of connecting to the Internet of Things, than trying to turn back time. G Davidson , Warrington No. Graham Sorbie, Kinross Why do companies want all their systems and machinery to be open to attack?

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A W Arthur, Devon Careful risk assessment needs to be done on safety-critical processes. Michael Reid, Peterborough Any application at risk from attack should have a very good reason why it should be connected to the internet. Jamie Davies, Llantrisant No. Simon Shaw, Ickenham, Middlesex If everyone connects their kettles, dishwashers and toasters to the internet, how long will it be before someone causes a monumental crash of the system?

Gareth Lewis, Bristol Not sure it was ever more than a gimmick, anyway. Anonymous There is no such thing as unhackable, and we live in the era of state-sponsored internet crime. David Tighe, Bristol Yes, provided firewalls and other protections are implemented. Neil Dinmore, Derby We must never give in to threats from terrorism or cyber attacks. Robert Landragin, Enfield, Middlesex We need to have top-notch security systems, including encryption. Mike Wright, Tamworth, Staffordshire Is the benefit of internet connection worth the risk of access by any bright teenager?

Robert Harris-Mayes, Ffaldybrenin, Carmarthenshire The white hats will generally outplay the black hats because they will have more resources behind them. Chris Jones, Hilton, Derbyshire The advantages outweigh the risk. Mike Parton, West Midlands Would you really want to expose your production facility to this kind of risk? Anonymous There is a good opportunity for the software organisations to up their performance and produce security systems which fully meet the need of industry in the 21st century.

Whilst each studio is assigned to a specific station and able to operate autonomously, this additional connectivity provides a heightened degree of backup across studios and allows future adaptation as the business evolves. Fifteen other recording studios, edit suites and news rooms were also created and these too, were required to be connected into the system so that the news production staff and content editors would have flexible access to content and production tools. Further, the Talpa engineers wanted the system to be as simple as possible to control and manage; with minimal reconfiguration between programs and instant switch-over for recovery and crisis management — in the unlikely event that something should ever happen to disrupt the continuous flow of music and entertainment.

The objective was set to ensure that whatever happened, the mood managers at Talpa would continue to reach. Technical solution — structure of an agile studio complex The main concept in creating the new studio was to locate all computer-based broadcast devices in a central apparatus room CAR with individual direct connections to user workstations; each consisting of a vanilla computer keyboard, video screen and mouse. Rather than installing fixed connections between devices and workstations, all the source devices and workstations for an individual studio are connected to their own dedicated KVM matrix switch, giving presenters direct access to the broadcast devices used on that channel.

This configuration allows each studio to be operated in isolation if necessary. Changing between programs requires a straightforward reconfiguration of connections from workstations to sources. A process that is simple enough to achieve by changing the switch settings using the small touch panels located next to the main mixing consoles in the studios.

To achieve the additional connectivity between studios, the KVM matrix switches are interlinked through individual Matrix Grid connections. Matrix Grid is a highly effective method of connecting multiple switches together to form one, much larger switch, allowing any user to access any source device, no matter where it is on the network and to which switch it is connected. A presenter or producer in any studio can access a predefined array of devices in the building — giving them freedom of selection and allowing any studio to be used for any channel or program, satisfying the requirement for full backup capability.

The system design went a step further, linking in secondary areas such as the main control room, news booths and engineering desks. These areas could, if the situation arose, even be used by presenters to host live programs.

Audio Recording Studio – Event Entertainment – Food Truck Services

Guest connections Radio studios need to offer convenience and connectivity to visitors as well as staff. A guest arriving to be interviewed will often bring their own laptop or smart device containing their own notes or music. Or there may be a need to temporarily connect an audio recorder to play out a soundtrack or sound-bite from a mobile device. Both these requirements are accommodated through a bank of USB ports within the studios, allowing these devices to be integrated into the system and made available for broadcast only by connecting a USB cable.

This ensures correct operation alongside other radio broadcast services and supports a high degree of automated control and station management. The presenter and studio team have immediate access to all the computers they need for that show. Accessibility charlatans -- Sweden's continuing problem with snake-oil salesmen. I thought Funka Nu was bad enough. UK Bloggers: Write to your MP -- 'For this to become a reality the Government must be encouraged to back initiatives that alert businesses, large and small, to the vital importance of accessible web design.

Seriously excellent list of speakers and sessions. Backed up by usability tests. Time to call bullshit on Six Apart -- Blogging tools called on their lack of accessibility as Authoring Tools. Podcasting's transcription dilemma -- 'It's true that commuters and joggers don't need or want podcast transcripts, but it's disingenuous to suggest that nobody does. Guerilla Accessibility Reviews -- Passionate and knowledgeable Canadian accessibility expert available for hire.

Worst redesign of the year -- 'Corporate Web professionals labour under the delusion that they can stay insulated from trends in Web development. A few tips for using Lynx -- Configuring and setting up Lynx for accessibility testing. UK Government accesskeys standard -- scroll down to 2. The secret benefit of accessibility Part 2: A higher search engine ranking -- 'The more accessible it is to search engines, the more accurately they can predict what the site is about'.

Google is a deaf user -- Podcasting creates accessibility barriers. The short answer is YES.

Application

Root causes -- 'The fixed format - every page looks the same everywhere - mentality is one of the reasons the Web has become so inaccessible'. Don't fake your markup: Accessibility issues for CSS -- structureless markup is just a blob of text. Accessibility: it's not just a good idea, it's the law -- Mark Pilgrim: '[section] regulations have been in effect and enforceable since June 21, '. Accessibility tools -- echoes 'It is important to note that no set of automated tools alone can ensure that a web page is fully compliant'. CSS does not guarantee accessibility -- Mark Pilgrim: 'good document structure is only the first step towards true accessibility'.

CSS and Universal Design -- Its the separation of style and content that allows a page to be more accessible. Football clubs fail on web accessibility -- new AbilityNet state of the e-nation. Proper use of the label tag -- the for attribute, accessibility and usability bonuses. BBC: Mobiles get magnifier software -- Called Mobile Magnifier, the software is designed to be used on Series 60 handsets running the Symbian operating system.

Separate text-only version? No thanks!

System Requirements

FTSE firms ignoring disabled web access -- 'And in the last three years only 14 per cent of FTSE companies have taken steps to ensure website accessibility for users with disabilities, the study found. ADA Web appeal knocked back again -- 'And why should it take a lawsuit for companies like Southwest to understand the inherent usefulness of providing Web accessibility? A step backwards for equality. Getting Designers to do Flash accessibility -- Bob Regan: 'I tell them that if they want the contract with me, they MUST use the screen reader for 30 minutes a day and it can not be on this project.

It has to be on web content or email. Silicon: Odeon accused of breaching website disability laws -- Odeon: 'Odeon takes its obligations under the DDA very seriously, and has been working with its IT developers and DDA consultants regarding implementation of compliance and good practice standards to meet the DDA as it comes into force. Odeon reels out accessibility excuses -- The Usability Company described the Odeon site as 'one of the worst sites for accessibility I have ever seen by a British company'.

Web publishers seek more clarity in accessibility rules -- 'We want clarification on what the DRC thinks is reasonable. Odeon denies this. Visual v Structural -- 'it is much easier to comply with the requirements for accessibility if you start with the structure and then apply the design to that'. Why we are so zealous -- 'Accessibility is about making as many potential users as possible able to use your site'.

Disabled people unable to act as consultants to Accessible Web Designers -- Council support discourages employment for disabled. ZDNet: Take a longer look at accessibility -- 'Accessibility is not about political correctness, but it is about economics. Maybe when we're all older we'll finally get it'. Computing tips for seniors -- 'Play Solitaire, send email'. Disabilities act improved access to work, school, social events -- Sears did an interesting study where they looked at accommodations they created in all their stores.

Open-source developers focus on accessibility -- 'He also demonstrated KDE working with the text-to-speech screen reader Gnopernicus'. Web accessibility litigation: it's not what we want -- Matt: Priceline's culture of haggling served them well. They avoid having to conform to three Priority 1 checkpoints, along with some twenty-one Priority 2 checkpoints.


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Travel sites to be more accessible to blind -- ADA applies to websites. A precedent is set. Spitzer agreement to make web sites accessible to the blind and visually impaired -- Priceline and Ramada settle and agree to make website accessible. Screen Break -- 'The sad thing is that the Odeon site remains just as unusable. Right of reply? Tell the disabled they can shove it -- ' to build a site that will wow the likes of the Odeon as a client but not their customers, up to a third of whom may have preferred the Accessible Odeon site the Odeon was so keen to shut down '.

Warning on web site -- More clueless accessibility consultants and 'October deadlines' for websites. Skip Navigation Links -- Jim Thatcher's study on the methods of using skip navigation links. Benefits of an accessible website - Part 1: Increase in reach -- stats about UK disabilities. How disabled users access the Internet. IT Directors Accessibility channel -- Watching an online publication as it becomes aware of accessibility and starts to accessify its own sites.

Web Accessibility: Million and Growing -- it's hard to believe that more than million people make up what has always been viewed by mainstream industry as a small niche market. Landmark judgments for disabled workers -- out-law: decision by the Court of Appeal means that any employer refusing to make reasonable adjustments for disabled employees is risking thousands of claims for constructive dismissal. Lateral's client list -- The company behind the Odeon's 'design'. Where's my bargepole? Changing the Face of Web Surfing -- Odeon spokeswoman Kim Greenston said the official site gets over , monthly visitors.

Wade through later. Some marketing departments prefer inaccessibility to uncontrolled experience -- Odeon's Marketing Director Luke Vetere would prefer a significant percentage of his potential customer base seeing nothing at all rather than an accessible version of his Web site that they do not control. Message to Odeon - fire your marketing director -- the bulk of businesses are in the grips of control freaks populating their PR and marketing departments.

Bugzilla report for the Odeon website -- 'The ODEON website is due for a face-lift at the beginning of the new year' - that would be beginning of ! It lets people with a visual impairment make their own accessible versions of printed copyright material, and allows schools and not-for-profit bodies to make multiple copies. Ten places to find out more about Accessibility -- Known, recognisable and trustable resources.

Accessible Bathing Facilities

Web accessibility and the law in the UK: Is your website legal? Odeon rolls credits on copycat website -- Odeon Cinema initially welcomed the site - as did many disabled people who could access the site for the first time. Inaccessible Odeon Website -- Odeon themselves are getting upset with the fact that ' Spend money on accessibility, not lawyers -- But the story about loss of ticket revenue is disingenuous at best. Odeon Cinemas: The most useless, clueless bastards on the face of the earth.

Odeon told national newspapers that they were happy. Fanatical about Film, Fatuous About Websites -- I'm also somewhat surprised that you have not seen fit to improve your own site during the time that Mr Somerville's has been active, given the publicity it has attracted and the presumption that your resources greatly outweigh his. Today's Dumb Lawsuit -- Odeon don't seem to be in a hurry to redesign a site that is broken in about five different ways, and they've crushed somebody who was helping them get business.

Times you wish you could have been wrong -- isn't it just good business sense, and downright grown-up to put aside the 'not-invented-heres' and the legal doubletalk, and admit when someone has done you a whacking big favour? My polite letter to the Odeon's marketing director -- drew attention to the deficiencies in your web service and the solution offered by Mr Somerville as worst and best practices on the web in terms of e-commerce and design. Accessible Odeon -- I contacted you well over a year ago about this accessibility problem and was told you were working on a solution.

Unfortunately this solution has yet to be realised. Odeon to Accessible Odeon: Eat My Shorts -- it seems that there are many corporations who have yet to jump on the Cluetrain. Odeon uses lawyers to fight accessibility -- Maybe Odeon will get round to providing a site that's actually usable. Accessibility hacker facing lawsuit for improving Odeon's site -- Matthew Somerville is a public-spirited UK geek who specialises in hacking badly designed websites into accessible websites. Access Versions -- Comparing the two [Apartheid and access versions of websites] is vastly over-aggressive and inflammatory.

Flash Accessibility Whitepaper -- Bob Regan updates based on recent work. Trimming Form Fields -- Simplifying forms by hiding optional fields. Interesting, and well implemented. Accessibility implications of digital rights management -- Joe Clark: accessibility features are derivative works. WCAG 2. Helping web designers understand accessibility.

Zeldman on drop down menus -- When I see a drop-down menu, I know that a committee sat around a table, unwilling to think through the organization of the site's material into a user-focused structure. Supermarket sites criticised over accessibility -- Tesco gradually migrating website toward their accessible one. Simon Willison: Separate but equal? Matt May responds. Matt May: On "separate but equal" design -- The very point of segregation is to ensure the quality of the services provided to one group, at the expense of the other. Manchester United: top of the web accessibility league?

CNN: Should Web-only businesses be required to be disabled-accessible? Authored by Ian Lloyd. Malarkey: Stylish accessible forms. From the subject it looks to cover cognitive disabilities. Gez: Chunking Information -- accessifying for learning disabilities. A few items on Web accessibility -- Recent accessibility bookmarks from Joe Clark. Guild for Accessible Web Designers launches -- accessibility as the cornerstone and guiding principle of their profession.

E-gov Web sites fail accessibility test -- I sense a trend. Why practice accessibility?

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I care about accessibility -- Veen sound bite worse than the bark. Understanding experiences of users with disabilities -- useful links to resources. Google can enforce Web Standards -- Bonus points to accessible websites. ALA: What is web accessibility? User Responsibility for Web Accessibility -- accessibility is about removing barriers vistiors can't remove themselves, not a replacement for laziness and ignorance. Notes on some tools for checking and improving Web page accessibility Bobby and A-Prompt -- automated checking cannot spot all accessibility problems. Designing websites for people with learning disabilities -- Guidelines for accessibility towards an often overlooked disability group.

Voice: The DRC blew it -- egg yolked and attacked the very guidelines necessary, no naming and shaming. Gez: Seven Design Avenue -- abusing accessibility to spam search engines. Ethical Media: Disability organisations fail to meet challenge on accessibility -- Disability organisations: part of the problem, or part of the solution? FCW: Accessible doesn't mean usable -- Section stops short of usable websites. Web usability checking for blind and vision impaired -- A checklist used by Australian Royal Blind Society consultancy.

Silicon: Websites for the disabled fail accessibility test -- UK websites for disabled people are mainly inaccessible! BBC: Macs get their voices back -- Speech technology part of the operating system - not as an expensive extra. Gmail's not turning a blind eye. Their approach is MVC. GMail accessibility -- Mark highlights some serious accessibility and unweblike qualities of Google web email.

The deadline for web accessibility has long passed. Search engine optimisation and accessibility -- Accessibility as an SEO tool. Interesting paper. Sitepoint: How to sell accessibility -- there's benefits to be had, you know. Govt forces web rules -- New Zealand government sets deadline of 1 Jan for accessibility compliance for government sites.

Web User Education Guidelines -- Educating users about their browsers makes the web more accessible. Roadblocks To Web Accessibility -- The five sins of web designers. Jeffery Veen: I don't care about accessibility. CookieCrook: User responsibility for web accessibility -- Users must meet us halfway. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2. All you need for learning, building, validating and publishing accessible web sites -- Rich collection of links about web accessibility Expanding on Usability -- An interview with Kim Krause Berg, chock-a-block with resources and pointers about usability Legal advice from automated testing tools?

Zoom layouts -- A repository of links and resources about Zoom Layouts, popularised by Joe Clark Text-only pages are possibly not so bad -- Joe hits the bulls eye: 'Of course text-only pages will be preferable to an inaccessible page; the text-only version is less inaccessible. However, this paper argues that there is a need for a more sophisticated Shaw Trust Prologue -- Dan Champion talks about the work done before the Shaw Trust audit took place.

No matter how attractive they may appear within a graphical browser, they will almost certainly Form Help without Popups -- Gez introduces a method of presenting form help information inside of a form. If you encourage it to be too sensitive, it will flag up so many false positives that your testing workload might actually be increased' Influence of valid code on screen readers -- 'The developer who handles the HTML code states that valid HTML is very important for screen readers as working around it is one of our greatest hassles.

Although id and headers are slightly more difficult to code than scope, the apparent poor screen reader support for scope means that this is Web accessibility for screen magnifier users -- Avoid image text, use structure, headings, good link text How to save the world, part 1 -- Matt May on the ATF: 'In order to cause a fundamental shift in the minds of content producers, we need to do something to take their minds off of running automated tools, and get them to focus on the real issues involved. And not afraid to call on 'established experts' BSI wants your views on web site accessibility -- 'we [presumably the RNIB] would be happy to receive your thoughts' How much do you really care about accessibility?

Accessibility and accessible Flash IBM to Demonstrate Portfolio of Accessibility Technologies -- Home Page Reader, aDesigner, Easy Web Browsing, Web Adapt 2 Me, Beyond Compliance Accessible forms -- labels and tables layout for more accessible forms A webmasters guide to accessibility -- clean easy-to-understand guide to WAI, along with modern web development techniques Disabled users search web for traps -- Testing UK financial websites Website Accessibility - UK and US Developments -- 'Following recent regulatory investigations into the accessibility of individual operators' websites in both the UK and the US, this alert provides an overview of developments in the laws affecting website accessibility in those jurisdictions.

I could not agree Accessibility charlatans -- Sweden's continuing problem with snake-oil salesmen. Backed up by usability tests Time to call bullshit on Six Apart -- Blogging tools called on their lack of accessibility as Authoring Tools Podcasting's transcription dilemma -- 'It's true that commuters and joggers don't need or want podcast transcripts, but it's disingenuous to suggest that nobody does. A few tips for using Lynx -- Configuring and setting up Lynx for accessibility testing UK Government accesskeys standard -- scroll down to 2.

Maybe when we're all older we'll finally get it' Computing tips for seniors -- 'Play Solitaire, send email' Disabilities act improved access to work, school, social events -- Sears did an interesting study where they looked at accommodations they created in all their stores. FOP Output Options -- Note that FOP does not currently support 'tagged pdf' Adobe Acrobat Accessibility Techniques -- If you're serious about making PDF files accessible, you'll need to do two things: outlaw: Travel sites settle New York accessibility investigation -- 'Spitzer's view is consistent with a Congressional hearing of ' Open-source developers focus on accessibility -- 'He also demonstrated KDE working with the text-to-speech screen reader Gnopernicus' Web accessibility litigation: it's not what we want -- Matt: Priceline's culture of haggling served them well.

New web accessibility technologies -- IBM's Web Adaption Technology and accessible PDFs Web Accessibility: Million and Growing -- it's hard to believe that more than million people make up what has always been viewed by mainstream industry as a small niche market Landmark judgments for disabled workers -- out-law: decision by the Court of Appeal means that any employer refusing to make reasonable adjustments for disabled employees is risking thousands of claims for constructive dismissal Lateral's client list -- The company behind the Odeon's 'design'. Changing the Face of Web Surfing -- Odeon spokeswoman Kim Greenston said the official site gets over , monthly visitors Assessing the accessibility of fifty United States government Web pages: Using Bobby to check on Uncle Sam by Jim Ellison -- Bobby check, accessibility problems just in the report.



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