Newcastle coach station , near the railway station, handles long distance bus services operated by National Express. Newcastle is accessible by several mostly traffic-free cycle routes that lead to the edges of the city centre, where cyclists can continue into the city by road, using no car lanes. The traffic-free C2C cycle route runs along the north bank of the River Tyne , enabling cyclists to travel off-road to North Shields and Tynemouth in the east, and westwards towards Hexham.
Suburban cycle routes exist, which use converted trackbeds of former industrial wagonways and industrial railways. A network on Tyneside 's suburban Victorian waggonways is being developed. Newcastle has a growing culture of bicycle usage. Newcastle is also home to a cycling campaign, called the 'Newcastle Cycling Campaign. Following guidelines set in the National Cycling strategy, Newcastle first developed its cycling strategy in The company cited high fuel prices and new competition from low-cost air services as the cause.
Since summer , Thomson cruise lines have included Newcastle as a departure port on its Norwegian and Fjords cruise. Newcastle has 74 primary schools and 20 secondary school around the city as a whole.
There are 13 LEA -funded and 7 independent schools in Newcastle. The largest co-educational independent school is the Royal Grammar School. The largest girls' independent school is Newcastle High School for Girls. Both schools are located on the same street in Jesmond. Newcastle School for Boys is the only independent boys' only school in the city and is situated in Gosforth. Newcastle College is the largest general further education college in the North East and is a Beacon Status college; there are two smaller colleges in the Newcastle area.
Newcastle Sixth Form College is also very well established and sends almost students to university annually. The city has two universities — Newcastle University and Northumbria University. Newcastle University has its origins in the School of Medicine and Surgery, established in and became independent from Durham University on 1 August to form the University of Newcastle upon Tyne.
Newcastle University is now one of the UK's leading international universities. Northumbria University has its origins in the Newcastle Polytechnic, established in and became the University of Northumbria at Newcastle in as part of the UK-wide process in which polytechnics became new universities. Newcastle has three cathedrals, the Anglican St. Nicholas , with its elegant lantern tower of , the Roman Catholic St. St Mary's became a cathedral in and St Nicholas' in Another prominent church in the city centre is the Church of St Thomas the Martyr which is the only parish church in the Church of England without a parish and which is not a peculiar.
One of the largest evangelical Anglican churches in the UK is Jesmond Parish Church , situated a little to the north of the city centre. Newcastle was a prominent centre of the Plymouth Brethren movement up to the s, and some small congregations still function. The Parish Church of St Andrew is traditionally recognised as 'the oldest church in this town'. This older church would have been one of several churches along the River Tyne dedicated to St Andrew, including the Priory church at Hexham. It is surrounded by the last of the ancient churchyards to retain its original character.
Many key names associated with Newcastle's history worshipped and were buried here. The church tower received a battering during the Siege of Newcastle by the Scots who finally breached the Town Wall and forced surrender.
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Three of the cannonballs remain on site as testament to the siege. The Crack is a monthly style and listings magazine similar to London's Time Out. The adult comic Viz originated in Jesmond and includes many references to Newcastle, and The Mag is a fanzine for Newcastle United supporters. Independent Local Radio stations include Metro Radio and sister station Metro 2 Radio , which are both based in a building on the Swan House roundabout on the north side of the Tyne Bridge. Capital North East broadcasts across Newcastle from its studios in nearby Wallsend. NE1fm launched on 8 June , the first full-time community radio station in the area.
Newcastle is one of the first in the UK to have its city centre covered by wireless internet access. It was developed and installed at the end of and went active in March Charles Avison , the leading British composer of concertos in the 18th century, was born in Newcastle upon Tyne in and died there in Ironmaster , metallurgist, and member of parliament Isaac Lowthian Bell was born in the city in Other notable people born in or associated with Newcastle include: engineer and industrialist Lord Armstrong , engineer and father of the modern steam railways George Stephenson , his son, also an engineer, Robert Stephenson , engineer and inventor of the steam turbine Sir Charles Parsons , inventor of the incandescent light bulb Sir Joseph Swan , actor and comedian Rowan Atkinson , modernist poet Basil Bunting ,  and Lord Chief Justice Peter Taylor.
Multiple circumnavigator David Scott Cowper , Nobel Prize winning physicist Peter Higgs , who researched the mass of subatomic particles,  and Neville were born in the city. John Dunn , inventor of the keyed Northumbrian smallpipes , lived and worked in the city. Kathryn Tickell OBE, the celebrated Northumbrian piper and composer, has longstanding associations with Newcastle as a resident, frequent performer at Sage Gateshead and teacher at Newcastle University.
Marc Smith palaeographer born , French palaeographer, was born in Newcastle upon Tyne. Freddy Shepherd was chairman of Newcastle United F. Alan Shearer , former footballer an iconic Newcastle United player and the Premier League 's all-time top goalscorer and England Captain. Rowan Atkinson , actor best known for Mr. Bean , studied at Newcastle University. Musician and lead singer of rock band the Police , Gordon Matthew Thomas Sumner, better known by his stage name Sting , grew up in the Newcastle area.
Newcastle upon Tyne is twinned with:. Newcastle was part of the summit of worldwide cities named "New Castle"  with:. Newcastle-under-Lyme England. Shinshiro Japan. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with Newcastle-under-Lyme. For other uses, see Newcastle. City and metropolitan borough in England.
Coat of arms. Shown within Tyne and Wear. Newcastle upon Tyne. Main article: History of Newcastle upon Tyne. Main article: Grainger Town. Main article: North East Green Belt.
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See also: List of companies based in Newcastle upon Tyne. Main article: Geordie. See also: List of bands and musicians from Newcastle Upon Tyne. See also: Category:Films set in Newcastle upon Tyne. See also: Category:Television shows set in Newcastle upon Tyne. Main article: Newcastle City Council. See also: Transport in Tyne and Wear. Main article: Newcastle Airport. Main article: Newcastle railway station. See also: List of schools in Newcastle upon Tyne. See also: List of television shows set in Newcastle upon Tyne. Main article: List of residents of Newcastle upon Tyne.
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in the United Kingdom. North East England portal.
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Retrieved 20 June The Northern Echo. Retrieved 26 July By the 18th century Newcastle was the country's fourth largest print centre after London, Oxford and Cambridge. Newcastle's Literary and Philosophical Society, founded in and now known as simply the Lit and Phil, predated the London Library by half a century.
Retrieved 29 March Quayside Lives. Retrieved 23 January Shipbuilding and heavy engineering developed fast and Newcastle became the powerhouse of the Industrial Revolution in Britain. Archived from the original on 6 January Archived from the original on 11 April Archived from the original on 28 August Archived from the original on 10 May Retrieved 16 October Archived from the original on 6 June Retrieved 3 June Archived from the original on 12 May Archived from the original on 21 June Retrieved 20 September Art UK.
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Grey Street". Retrieved 9 July Grey Street in Newcastle was voted the best street in Britain by Radio 4 listeners. BBC radio 4. Archived from the original on 7 August Said by many to be amongst the greatest streets in 'England if not Europe', this gently curving and rising street has been 'sensitively restored and improved in the last decade'. The Guardian. Retrieved 8 March Northumbria University. Archived from the original on 15 January Archived from the original on 1 October Books of the North. Thought to be the largest travelling fairground in Europe, it takes place in the last full week of June Chronicle Live.
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Archived from the original on 25 August Retrieved 3 March Richard Grainger, builder and developer, planned and constructed some of Newcastle's finest buildings and streets during s including Grainger Market, Theatre Royal, Grey Street, Grainger and Clayton Street. Richard Grainger was said to 'have found Newcastle of bricks and timber and left it in stone. It has remained a favourite meeting place since it was unveiled in Retrieved 28 August Retrospective — An interview with the creators of the series.
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Retrieved 10 January Archived from the original on 29 January Retrieved 24 May Tony insisted that nobody in these islands had ever heard of Halloween until the American version arrived here. Tom told him forcefully that he was wrong, he had celebrated it in Ireland as a child. Tony said this was nonsense. Tom went red in the face with rage and looked as if he might be about to stand up and throw a punch. The presenter sitting between them hastily moved the discussion along. I was sitting on the sofa in just as great a rage as Tom Paulin. When I was a child in the s we made Halloween lanterns out of turnips.
Yes, turnips. I have been greeted with such incredulity by Southern Brits and Americans when I tell them this that I had almost started to doubt my own memory. So I was delighted to come across this confirmation, in the book Northumbrian Heritage by Nancy Ridley. Writing in , Nancy describes it as an old custom that lingers on in remote areas. In I was seven and at the peak of my own turnip carving endeavours.
Not really being trusted with a sharp knife at that age, I only made a few token scoop-outs after my parents had done the hard graft. This probably explains why the pumpkins came into it. The emigrants to North America from Britain and Ireland presumably took both the custom and the turnips with them, but finding that the New World offered them a vegetable so much softer and easier to carve, took the easy option.
I take this seriously because of the year when Halloween fell in between my father's death and his funeral, and consequently all those children roaming around dressed as skeletons seriously creeped me out. But apart from me, the Wiccans and neo-pagans are now the only people who observe it as a solemn event. However, here in the UK the change of the clocks onto winter time takes place only a few days before 31 st October - this year, it was today. Masters, Anthony, Reagan, Nancy, Lead with the left : my first ninety-six years.
Shinwell, Manny. Movement Approach To Acting.
Costume in detail : women's dress Bradfield, Nancy, Recital repertoire [for pianists]. Book 1. Piano lessons. Costume in detail : women's dress Bradfield, Nancy. Dearest Andrew : letters from V. Sackville-West to Andrew Reiber, Sackville-West, V. Victoria , Nancy Astor: portrait of a pioneer.
River ferries. The education of a woman golfer. Happiness : a twinge of conscience is a glimpse of God. Happiness : a twinge of conscience is a glimpse of God Dobrin, Nancy. The literature of jazz : a critical guide. Kennington, Donald. Painting and sculpture in Los Angeles, Moure, Nancy Dustin Wall.
Fanny Burney. Genius in drawing-room : the literary salon in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Memories of men and women. Canada in London : an unofficial glimpse of Canada's sixteen High Commissioners Teas of the world. Woodward, Nancy Hyden. Thomas, Cardinal Wolsey. Harvey, Nancy Lenz. Jamaica farewell : Jamaica migrants in London. Foner, Nancy, Maud Gonne : lucky eyes and a high heart. Jamaica Farewell: Jamaican Migrants in London. Foner, Nancy. The life, manners and travels of Fanny Trollope : a biography. The life, manners and travels of Fanny Trollope : a biography Johnston, Johanna.
The life, manners and travels of Fanny Trollope :. Nancy Cunard : a biography. The synonym finder. Rodale, Jerome Irving. Black music. Reformers and visionaries : the Americanization of the art of dance. Ruyter, Nancy Lee Chalfa.